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GCSE: H.G. Wells

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  1. This war has taught us pity - pity for those witless souls that suffer our domination What does the War of the Worlds tell us about human nature?

    We are with the narrator as he learns and we learn from him. Wells puts a man that could well be you or I in an extreme situation to exemplify the problems mankind could face and its weaknesses. The narrator recounts the events with the benefit of hindsight, "It is curious to recall some of the mental habits of those departed days", and is surprisingly objective in his account. He details how men, "went to and fro over this globe about their little affairs, serene in their assurance of their empire over matter".

    • Word count: 2930
  2. Time Machine

    Therefore the time machine is an illustration of the Victorian era. Wells was also influenced by Darwin's theory of evolution as in his novel it is an example of how the world around him would be if the human race divided into two new species. Morlocks were the examples of the working classes, they lived underground and maintained machines, whilst the Eloi are examples of the educated classes; they live above ground and indulge in leisure activities like the idle rich of Victorian England. During the Victorian era there were two notable classes, the "Upper Class" and the "Working Class".

    • Word count: 2232
  3. How is humanity presented in War of the worlds

    Half roasted to death! Trying to escape!" (pg.15) This shows the way that the people immediately assume that it is manmade and could not be anything of alien origin. The arrogance of mankind is further shown many times during the course of the novel. One of the major themes in this novel is the possible submission of mankind. This is obviously shown by the Martian taking men from their homes to use for injection. There is a sense of helplessness as all attempts to resist the Martians fail.

    • Word count: 2433
  4. The Time Machine

    Yet technology brought a dark side as well. Writers were starting to use sci-fi more. On a more positive note, the nineteenth century was the period when modern science developed for the first time. However, it was also a start of new concepts one of them was classes; it affected everyone and included everyone. Herbert George Wells (1866-1946), English author and political philosopher, most famous for his science fiction romances that variously depict alien invasion, terrifying future societies, and transformed states of being; Author of ''the Time Machine''. H.G. Wells was very much a free thinker, although born into 'Victorian society' he rebelled against many of the accepted norms and values of that society.

    • Word count: 2215
  5. The Time Machine

    Also the actual settings of the future include 'bare hillsides' and 'shrubs and long grass' which gives it rural scenery which is the opposite of the expectation of more progress in development in buildings and an urban landscape. One of the newly modified beings that the time traveller encounters in the future are called the Eloi - who are initially believed to be the dominant descendants of the upper class. Wells describes their physical appearance as 'Dresden china type of prettiness', page 29.

    • Word count: 2147
  6. The novel The Time Machine was published in 1895, at the height of the industrial revolution.

    The UK is well known as 'multiculturalism country' this is because there are varieties of different cultures. In the Victorian era, their were different genres of books, including romance, comedy, fantasy and etc, H.G. Wells differed from these groups because he wrote sci-fi books and he was known as 'The man who invented tomorrow' and he was well remembered. Jules and Verne wrote stories about space travel which Victorian readers to wonder about other planets and if there might be other creatures like aliens living in other planets. Science fiction authors were middle class, publishers were suspicious of sci-fi because it challenged God of society's order and people thought it was dangerous like the big bang theory, challenges the existence of God.

    • Word count: 2151
  7. How does H.G Wells convey the experience of fear of The Red Room

    Maybe the old women means sorrow for the young duke who had to die. She might have also meant that so many people have tried to come out of 'the red room' alive and abolish the myth of the room being haunted, but much sorrow is felt each time when they don't make it out alive. A sense of suspicion is built-up by the old folks in the castle, for the boy suspects them of enhancing the 'spiritual terrors' of the house by using their repetitive insistence.

    • Word count: 2346
  8. What is the effect of the juxtaposition of the ordinary and the extra-ordinary in the War of the Worlds?

    In the first paragraph of that chapter, the narrator gives us an account of how the star was 'rushing', indicating purpose, over Winchester. If we are to believe that it is just a falling star then it would not make sense for it to have a sense of purpose in its movement. This leads us to think that it is actually something more and that the humans portrayed in the book are rather ignorant if they think that it isn't.

    • Word count: 2508
  9. Free essay

    Comparing The Red Room (H.G Wells) and The Yellow Wallpaper (Charlotte Perkins)

    Light and colours used and other senses that the story plays on will also be examined. When the young man in The Red Room asks to go to the Red Room he is told, 'You go along the passage a bit... through that is a spiral staircase... down the corridor at the end, and the red room is on your left up the stairs.' The fact that the instructions to get to the room are so complex, and very lengthy, shows that the room is very far away.

    • Word count: 2025
  10. How tension Is built Up in short stories

    However they make him feel a little uncomfortable because of their age, unattractiveness and belief in supernatural begins. "The Red Room" and "The Signalman" are of the same genre. They are both ghost stories. Furthermore know one is named in either story which adds to the tension and suspense of the story. This is a similarity between the two stories. They are both set at night which is typical of a gothic, horror genre. They both effectively build up tension and suspense.

    • Word count: 2601
  11. How does H.G.Wells develop atmosphere and suspense in the opening section of The Red Room?

    H.G.Wells describes the room with this sentence "large sombre room, with its shadowy window bays". This helps the reader imagine the room in their own way. I believe this is the most powerful two words in the opening paragraph are "sombre" and "shadowy". These two words have a big impact on the reader, they give the feeling of a dark gothic style room. "Sombre" means dark and gloomy, this gives the image to the reader that there either is shadows in the room or there is a faint light source. This will give the effect of darkness, people are not scared of darkness but that are frightened of what can be lurking in the dark.

    • Word count: 2343
  12. Compare The Red Room(TM) by HG wells and The Signalman(TM) by Charles Dickens examining how the writers create effective mystery stories.

    They are both set in oppressing places and involve the supernatural. The features I will be looking for are how the writers create effective mystery stories by using viewpoints and characters, structure and suspense, setting and atmosphere, and effective use of language. 'The Signalman' and 'The Red Room' are both told in first person. In 'The Signalman' the narrator asks questions to the Signalman who then answers him through his eyes. "One moonlit night; said the man, I was sitting here when I heard a voice cry." In 'The Signalman' the narrator seems to be concerned about the Signalman.

    • Word count: 2203
  13. knowing and not knowing humour and iriony in H.G Wells' short stories

    It also entertains and grips the reader much more. The story is in the first person. The narrator talks as if he was there when it happened. The main character in this story is very snobbish and pompous, and because of this he talks down to the people in the castle as he believes they are beneath him. He is a a typical upper class Victorian of his age. The character is much like modern T.V or film characters like Agatha Christie's Inspector Poirot etc.

    • Word count: 2142
  14. The red room, the stollen bacillus and the inexperienced ghost

    of Science, in South Kensington, London. Hence becoming a member of the Labour Party and journalist. From then on at Wells started to write Socialist books in which he dealt with politics and society. Since the Victorian era, modern day society has changed a great deal. This is mainly influenced by the vast increase of competition in the media; television and cinema. The visibility given by the modern media allows us to become more explicit towards horror. This availability of knowledge and understanding makes us less likely to believe such stories of the supernatural.

    • Word count: 2980
  15. The Red Room Examination

    Wells has also established numerous things within the opening sentence. He shows straight away that the story concerns ghosts as the man comments on a 'ghost'. This sets the tone for the reader immediately and also sparks interest. The opening line shows that the story is written in the first person. I can see this from the narrator putting 'said I' at the end of a speech. The use of first person in a ghost story means that the rest of the story shall be seen from their perspective.

    • Word count: 2979
  16. Is 'The Red Room' by H.G Wells a good ghost story?

    The story is based on this unnamed narrator who chooses to spend this night within Lorraine castle. The narrator will rest in a room said to be haunted; in an effort to disprove the various legends and rumours claimed about it. At the beginning of the story he is inside a room with three infirm elderly people inside with him, the owners of Lorraine castle. An old man with a withered arm, an old woman and another old man with shade. He and the beginning of the story is reminded constantly of this 'haunted room' and that 'it's his own choosing' to enter the room and try to warn him not to sleep in this room.

    • Word count: 2092
  17. How does H.G Wells use language and other devices to create suspense?

    At the beginning of the story H.G Wells uses the custodians to enhance the suspense in the story. Firstly the custodians are described as `one unit'. " At the door I turned and looked at them and I saw they were all close together" This suggest to the reader that the custodians are working together as one by them sitting closely together with each other. The custodians therefore seem against the narrator because there are three of them and only one of him.

    • Word count: 2234
  18. How are the advances of the Victorian era presented in 'The Time Machine'?

    While other writers might choose to force facts on you, convince you that as time went on society would cease to exist, Wells sold his ideas to society, covering up his thoughts under layers of appealing material. People read what they initially thought was going to be an adventure story with a hero at the centre of it who travelled off into the distant and mysterious future, rescued the damsel in distress, fought a few bad guys and ended with the words "happily ever after".

    • Word count: 2114
  19. How does H.G.Wells describe the future world and its inhabitants in "The Time Machine?"

    He went on to write other books, including The Invisible Man (1897), The War of the Worlds (1898) and The First Men in the Moon (1901). Wells also wrote sociological novels and non-fiction works, including his Outline of History (1920) and The Shape of Things to Come (1933). The narrator, Mr. Hillyer, is the Time Traveller's dinner guest. In chapter 3, the time traveller shows the audience that the time machine works. In that morning, he uses it to jump ahead over five hours and gives it a second run, watching the world around him as the advance in time continues to speed up.

    • Word count: 2792
  20. "In 'The Red Room', how does H.G Wells explore the nature of fear?'

    They have all been given abnormalities. (The man with the withered arm, the lady who sways her head from side to side and the man with major face deformities). These things give us an impression of eeriness and mystery since something must have happened to them in the past. Since they have a 'haunted room' in their house, it is easy for the reader to jump to conclusions. Also, the entrance of the old man with the walking stick is quite dramatic.

    • Word count: 2466
  21. Time Traveller

    Wells starts off the book by describing the main character in his story, the time traveller whose name through out the book is not mentioned. The time traveller is joined with a contrast of the various types of Victorian people. These include: a psychologist, a newspaper editor, the provincial mayor, a doctor, Filby and a very young man. Here Wells is trying to show the different views portrayed by the different people about time travel. However, all the men involved fail to show any enthusiasm.

    • Word count: 2264
  22. The War of the Worlds: To what extent does H.G. Wells successfully create a climate of terror?

    Progressively the terror intensifies as the peaceful "Deputation" is "turned to fire", which culminates in mass panic among the crowd - "they bolted blindly like a flock of sheep". He uses repetition to show that the Heat Ray's power is terrifying (..."this flaming death...this sword of heat"). The Ray "...swept sinfully and steadily" so that we are not surprised that "40 people lay charred and distorted beyond recognition" when the aliens stop firing. What really makes the climate of terror so powerful is Wells' description of the absolute devastation wreaked by the Martians ("ruins of shattered and gutted houses and blasted and blackened trees...gaunt and terrible in the pitiless light of dawn")

    • Word count: 2003
  23. James day The time traveller 24/01/06

    This generation also wore sandals in the warm climate, and possessed beauty and grace, yet looked 'indescribably frail'. They also had short curly hair (none on the face), tiny mouths, ears, pointed chins and large mild eyes. After examining this new race, the time traveller comes to the conclusion that they're feeble and weak. He sees them as 'easily fatigued' children, with an infant like personality. It comes to the time traveller that this population is like this because of the perfect world they live in, where no one is 'kept keen on the grindstone of pain and necessity'.

    • Word count: 2762
  24. How do the H G Wells Stories The Red Room, The Cone and the stolen bacillus create and maintain tension?

    In the time of The Red Room (1896) Europe was in utter turmoil. The last century had brought more revolutions in a year than in the entire 20th century. In 1848 (the year of revolutions), revolts and uprisings happened in Paris, Frankfurt, Berlin, Warsaw, Prague, Vienna, Budapest, Milan, Venice, Palermo and (several revolutions in) Rome. It seemed that Great Britain was next; even those with work were poorly housed and inadequately fed. The Red Room plays on these fears of revolution and unrest.

    • Word count: 2221

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Compare "The Red Room" by H G Wells and "Farthing House" by Susan Hill examining how the writers create suspense in the stories.

    "In my opinion I thought that the ending in "The Red Room" was an anti climax because after you have built yourself up so much while the narrator is in the red room to suddenly come round in daylight to find the three people that you previously found quite scary before, now caring for the wounded narrator it makes you think is that all it has been building up for, fear. My opinion for "Farthing House" is one of utter confusion because it changes tenses, from past to present, and you are not quite sure of what happens. I think that the ending of "Farthing House" was better compared to "The Red Room" because "Farthing House" leaves you confused so that you can think about it for a while whereas at the end of "The Red Room" you know the answers to all the important questions."

  • Compare The Pre-1914 Short Story ‘The Red Room’ With The Modern Short Story ‘Farthing House’

    "After having read both 'The Red Room' and 'Farthing House' and compared them, I can say that I preferred 'Farthing House'. This is because I found it easier to read, as the language is more accessible. I also found the storyline more interesting; I felt it had more depth than that of 'The Red Room', as did the characters. Gothic horror, such as the sort in 'The Red Room' does not appeal to me, because I find it is too predictable. Whereas the modern ghost story 'Farthing House' had an interesting twist at the end, similar to 'Hannibal' by 'Thomas Harris', which I recently read, and which ends in an unusual and unpredictable twist."

  • Analyse the short story 'The Red Room' by H.G. Wells. How does it create and maintain suspense?

    "Suspense is created by the descriptions of the characters and setting. The characters create tension by making the reader and narrator feel as if the room is evil and sinister. The grotesque and distorted characters make the story more believable. On the narrator's journey to the room everything is set in dim light or dull surroundings. This creates tension as darkness is given a sinister presence. The reader is always kept wondering about why things are like what they are. The behaviour of the old people when the narrator mentions 'The Red Room' makes us wonder about the secrecy of the room and it make us jump to conclusions. The use of descriptive language evokes dramatic images, which build up a sense of fear and expectation There was nothing eerie about the room. The fright and the terror of the room were all in the narrator's mind. The story tells us that if you let fear into your mind it will control you."

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