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GCSE: H.G. Wells
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This makes us think that this is something to do with the Red Room and we think about what might happen to the narrator if he goes in the Red Room. This makes the story more mysterious and sets the scene for a gothic story. It could show the narrator's view of the old people at this point. The 'old woman' tries to force the narrator in not going to the room and she repeats 'This night of all nights!'.
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To take the question from all angles, you have to look at everything he does or has done and how he feels for example, political and religious views, his emotions, attitude and past. It is important to also explore the context of the time in which the Time Traveller and the author lived. The religion at the time and the scientific knowledge support both sides of the argument, for example a Victorian Everyman would have been bonded to religion but would have promoted science on the basis of furthering knowledge.
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Examine the ways in which HG Wells creates atmosphere in The War of the Worlds by close reference to key episodes.
He is most famous for creating a dramatic effect of horror which he does consistently through War of the Worlds in places where the reader feels as though it is a real situation. There are many different techniques needed which HG Wells uses in his novel such as lots of adjectives and adverbs, alliteration, repetition and onomatopoeia. In the beginning extract, HG Wells shows the reader the horror, alarm and revulsion which is being displayed by the characters in the scene.
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However, in the 20th century people were influenced extremely easily since there was not much to disprove the theory e.g. any space explorations to discover only relentlessly miniscule amounts of bacteria was found on the interior of the planet Mars. In this meticulous opening Herbert George Well's incisive, noteworthy and overall brave decision to open the text with an exceedingly powerfully intelligent, descriptive and does well to reiterates the audiences' attention and establish a comprehensive impact on the reader. The language used in the beginning of the text, "...human affairs were being watched keenly and closely by intelligences greater than man's".
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The gloom of the castle is suggested by the cold and poorly lit rooms of the castle. The use of candles create an ominous effect as they only light up some of the castle there fore leaving areas in the dark causing a spooky attribute. The choice of a castle was a setting considered a different time from when it was written, this explores the nature of fear itself. The setting in "The signalman" was the railway, in the 1860s this was seen as a recent invention, so for Dickens to choose this as the setting for his story was a very contemporary touch, many during that era would have been able to relate to the mystery story.
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He meets three old people who warn him not to enter "The Red Room" however he is so confident that no ghosts exist so they cannot persuade him from going to "The Red Room". However when he is going on the way to "The Red Room" he encounters shadows moving and hears strange and weird sounds. When he arrives in "The Red Room" he encounters stranger more terrifying moments like candles extinguishing themselves and shadows appearing and moving forwards to him as if they were humans as well as darkness surrounding the entire room.
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The reader soon realizes that the fear of the vulture eye has consumed the narrator, who has now become a victim to the madness that he had hoped to elude, heightening the tension in the story greatly. Poe then builds on the foundations he has set early in the story, and the eerie tension increases about a third of the way in. He describes the narrator's nightly visits to the old man's chambers, in which he, once again, uses repetition to exemplify the narrator's obsessive insanity; 'cautiously, oh, so cautiously' 6.
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Gothic Horror stories. The three stories are 'The Signalman' written by Charles Dickens in 1865, 'The Red Room' by H.G Wells in 1894 and 'The Man With The Twisted Lip' written by Arthur Conan Doyle
The new technology also made their lives easy for example the railway made travel easy. 'The Signalman' is the oldest of all three stories and was written in 1865. 'The Man With The Twisted Lip' was written in 1891 and 'The Red Room' in 1894. All three stories have suspense in them however the setting chosen by the writer are very different. However two of the stories are ghost themed and 'The Man With The Twisted Lip' is a mystery. 'The Signalman' by Charles Dickens In the 1860's, the railway was a recent invention, it was cutting edge technology.
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Even after a lot of persuasion from the 'Time Traveller' they refuse to believe the fact that he travelled into the future and witnessed the two different species. At the end of the book the ''Time Traveller'' goes off into time again. Years and years go by but the 'Time Traveller' does not come back to his own time. The Morlocks, who were subterranean for innumerable generations, came to find the daylight surface intolerable. The 'Time Traveller' describes one on page 44 and 45 as an 'ape-like figure,' with long arms and hairy fingers, 'a solitary animal with a pair of large greyish-red eyes,' eyes that are luminous by reflection against the daylight.
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The authors have written about different strange and supernatural experiences that have taken place in these stories. The stories described are known as strange and supernatural because the events that take place are very extraordinary and unusual. The ideas, techniques and context used were developed by the authors in order to improve the story and make the reader feel frightened or stunned. The first character, Betty Privett is an ordinary housewife in The Superstitious Man Story. This story is a very mysterious story, which contains many superstitions that lead to the death of Betty's husband. William Privett's death was very 'strange' according to the narrator of this story.
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19th Century Victorian Horror Stories: English Literature Coursework: How 19th Century writers of horror stories effectively used language to fill readers with a sense of horror
The reader is beginning to think that this enigmatic object is slowly making its victims lose touch with reality. The tension becomes greater as Mr and Mrs White's conversation develops - Mrs White now becomes irrational and hysterical. She also becomes angry and controlling towards her husband as he refuses to make the wish and starts cruelly bullying him. The roles of a stereotypical husband and wife are reversed; Mrs White is now telling him what to do and raising her voice over him. "Get it," she shouts to her husband who now cannot even recognise the rampant woman standing before him.
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In Wells novel, there is a message telling readers about humanity. In the time of H.G.Wells there was great division between the races, and Wells believes that the two races of his age, will divide even further apart into two different races. The working class people's lifestyle differed from the rich, and it was this difference in lifestyle that causes humanity, to divide into two different races in Wells novel. The poor worked in factories, mills, and mines, and it was this which played a major role in the in the separation of humanity.
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This essay is going to illustrate how 'The red room' by H.G Wells and 'The farthing house' by Susan Hill to a certain degree are typical of the horror, ghost story genre.
H.G Wells cunningly creates an eerie and negative impression, by the clever description of the elderly people. He describes the narrator's first meeting; 'I heard the sound of a stick and the shambling step on the flag in the passage outside, and the door creaked on its hinges as a second old man entered, more bent, more wrinkled, more aged even than the first.' In the story ambiance is suggested, by arrangement and action but especially by H.G Well's choice of language when describing the characters and furniture of the room 'the queer old mirror', 'the man with the withered arm', 'the decaying yellow teeth' and 'the monstrous shadows' these quotes all provoke suspense and add to the atmosphere suggesting that the elderly are the ghosts themselves.
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Compare and contrast - 'The red room' by HG Wells, 'The Black Cottage' By Wilkie Collins, and 'Sikes and Nancy' By Charles Dickens
Now we are introduced to another character, an old woman. She is described to us to be quite an odd person; it says 'The old woman sat staring hard into the fire, her pale eyes wide open.' It is a strange thing to do to be sat staring and we can already picture her pale eyes. It continues to say 'Ah', she broke in: 'and eight and twenty you have lived and never seen the likes of this house, I reckon.
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'The Red Room' is about a protagonist who visits 'Lorraine Castle', in a deserted place, to see whether the stories of a haunted room were true. After a long walk through the castle he gets to the room. On his way there he encounters ordinary objects which look menacing due to the contrast of the moonlight. Once in the red room strange things started happening. What made the room feel haunted was fear. In the Victorian era, pre 1914, people were very rational.
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In contrast 'The Superstitious Man's Story' is a story which is based upon supernatural beliefs. It is about a man named William who dies. However, people reveal that they saw this man's ghost got to church on Midsummer's Eve. The opening itself creates tension as it puts the reader into the place of the character. All three stories start of with dialogue which raises the question to us, the reader, of what has just gone on and what is going to happen next. This makes us read on. In 'The Red Room' it begins with the narrator saying: '"I can assure', said I, that it will take a very tangible ghost to frighten me."'
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Wells also uses it to bring his novel to life and keep his readers interested. I think that there were no women at the dinner table because the Time Traveller thought that only men would be interested and women weren't given equal rights. H.G.Wells was influenced by Charles Darwin's 'Theory of Evolution', which talks about how humans have evolved. Not only the scientific thinking of his time, but also the political influenced Wells. H.G. Wells wrote fully conscious of two distinct agendas: social change and evolution. The social divide a huge influence on Wells. He didn't like the fact that leisured classes relied on the working class.
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The exact setting is not made clear early on in the story. When Mrs Mallard is in her room the writer describes her position in the room, 'There stood, facing the open window, a comfortable, roomy armchair. Into this she sank...' showing a sense of comfort and a chance to escape from her problems. The writer then describes what she can see out of her window, expanding our view of the setting. The description of her surroundings is very thorough, 'trees that were all aquiver with the new spring life'; this suggests that she is about to begin a new life and is a sharp contrast to the 'death of her husband.
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The children are horrified and realise that people's minds can be scarier than witches, wolves or ghosts. The stories were written in different centuries. The Ostler was written in the 19th century and The Darkness Out There was written in the 20th century. There are many differences between them which make this obvious. The most obvious of these differences is that an ostler is a profession that does not exist today. They worked at inns, looking after the horses of travellers who were staying the night.
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What makes a good mystery? Using three of the classical mysteries read in class as examples, explain what makes a good mystery.
This creates a sense of a vile and unnatural world lurking behind the true city. This creation of a new world is vital for a good mystery story. 'The Twitch' begins with a description of the setting, and then goes onto describe the guests that come in. The man and his daughter are described as almost cold among a warm atmosphere. This suggests a contrast to ordinary happenings, and it is this effect that makes the central characters in this story seem peculiar. The first sense of mystery and dread enter when the man's hair is described to be "White, too white..."
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But the real challenge to be overcome lies within the "Out-of-the-way" villa that they have locked themselves into. The tension builds from the outset with father and son indulging in a game of chess. The game of chess acts to deepen the tension. As we are introduced to the characters, we can already see them challenging each other. This conflict of character will prove to be an important theme as the story progresses. The entrance of the sergeant (an outsider) enhances the tense atmosphere. He symbolises an outside force which will disrupt the serene household. The sergeant teases the White family's imagination with his knowledge of distant lands, "Those old temples and Fakirs and jugglers".
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The location is critical to the short story. The writer needs to give his story a carefully considered and appropriate backdrop. A short story works through its location, characters, and setting in time and language. These are the ingredients that tie it together and make the mixture complete. In this story, the location is very important. The story is set in a castle. A ghost story in a castle is not a new idea and although it is a rather unoriginal location, it is very appropriate.
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This helps build up the twist in the story and throws the reader off guard to what happens later on. The fact that the narrator is unnamed and not of any significance to the story helps the reader have a clear picture of what is going on during the entirety of the happenings and allows the author to switch from one scene to another without any awkward interventions. It also gives an un-opinionated view on what is happening and leaves room for a sub-plot that the author wants to put across.
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Compare 'The Red Room' by H G Wells with 'Farthing House' by Susan Hill - Which story is most effective at building tension and atmosphere?
'The Red Room' is set in 'Lorraine Castle'. It is an old and haunted castle, and the audience is made aware of this due to the way the setting is described. For example, 'door creaked on its hinges... fire place... slab outside the door... spiral staircases...' these are all very typical to a haunted castle scene. The fact that the door is creaky suggests it is old; the floor is covered with slabs of stone, this shows it is cold as there is no carpeting and when you walk, the footsteps echo; when in a spiral staircase, you do not
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Not only do the elderly people imply that there is a ghost or something lurking around in the Red Room, but they constantly repeat the word ghost throughout the story. "Farthing House" also revolves around only a few characters. These characters are Aunt Addy, Mrs. Pearson and the narrator, who has a name of Mrs. Flower, though it is not often used. Aunt Addy is the person that is currently staying at the Farthing House and the main character is the woman who is going there to see her.
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