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GCSE: H.G. Wells

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  1. "In 'The Red Room', how does H.G Wells explore the nature of fear?'

    They have all been given abnormalities. (The man with the withered arm, the lady who sways her head from side to side and the man with major face deformities). These things give us an impression of eeriness and mystery since something must have happened to them in the past. Since they have a 'haunted room' in their house, it is easy for the reader to jump to conclusions. Also, the entrance of the old man with the walking stick is quite dramatic.

    • Word count: 2466
  2. The red room

    The writer uses personification, e.g. 'shadows cower and quiver'. Shadows can't really cower and quiver, but this makes the story seem more interesting and intriguing. The writer uses repetition, e.g. 'it's your own choosing', the old people in the story keep repeating this quote, by repeating this tension is built up. The red room is about a sceptical twenty-eight year old man who plans to spend the night in The man in the story is totally convinced that the supernatural is not another dimension, but a result of human fear. He is sceptical and believes everything can scientifically be explained.

    • Word count: 657
  3. In the three Gothic Horror stories studied, how does each writer's description of the setting help to establish the appropriate atmosphere?

    He is under the impression that he can run away from death however at the end of the story it is death that catches up with him in a concealed and mysterious figure! Poe uses powerful language throughout the story to create strong images in the readers mind for example 'the panes were scarlet - a deep blood colour', 'the effect of the fire-light... was ghastly in the extreme'. When a reader reads the first quote they instantly imagine the idea of blood, which plays with the readers mind as they carry on reading the story as the idea of 'red' death is slowly bought into the story.

    • Word count: 1763
  4. Conventions of the Gothic Horror - The Red Room by H.G. Wells

    This quotation shows us that everything in the house has stayed untouched, as if it was only deserted yesterday instead of a year and a half ago. This creates an atmosphere of neglect towards the house and makes it feel empty and lonely. This as a metonymy, to the Victorians, reflects their beliefs and religion now left unattended and ruined, as Science had destroyed them and left them to decay. There are also many metonymies within the Red Room that reflect the Victorians and what they were like in the 19th century: "...there were candles in the sockets of the scones, and whatever dust had gathered on the carpets..."

    • Word count: 1360
  5. PRE-1914 PROSE

    The authors have written about different strange and supernatural experiences that have taken place in these stories. The stories described are known as strange and supernatural because the events that take place are very extraordinary and unusual. The ideas, techniques and context used were developed by the authors in order to improve the story and make the reader feel frightened or stunned. The first character, Betty Privett is an ordinary housewife in The Superstitious Man Story. This story is a very mysterious story, which contains many superstitions that lead to the death of Betty's husband. William Privett's death was very 'strange' according to the narrator of this story.

    • Word count: 4719
  6. Time Traveller

    Wells starts off the book by describing the main character in his story, the time traveller whose name through out the book is not mentioned. The time traveller is joined with a contrast of the various types of Victorian people. These include: a psychologist, a newspaper editor, the provincial mayor, a doctor, Filby and a very young man. Here Wells is trying to show the different views portrayed by the different people about time travel. However, all the men involved fail to show any enthusiasm.

    • Word count: 2264
  7. The War of the Worlds: To what extent does H.G. Wells successfully create a climate of terror?

    Progressively the terror intensifies as the peaceful "Deputation" is "turned to fire", which culminates in mass panic among the crowd - "they bolted blindly like a flock of sheep". He uses repetition to show that the Heat Ray's power is terrifying (..."this flaming death...this sword of heat"). The Ray "...swept sinfully and steadily" so that we are not surprised that "40 people lay charred and distorted beyond recognition" when the aliens stop firing. What really makes the climate of terror so powerful is Wells' description of the absolute devastation wreaked by the Martians ("ruins of shattered and gutted houses and blasted and blackened trees...gaunt and terrible in the pitiless light of dawn")

    • Word count: 2003
  8. 19th Century Victorian Horror Stories: English Literature Coursework: How 19th Century writers of horror stories effectively used language to fill readers with a sense of horror

    The reader is beginning to think that this enigmatic object is slowly making its victims lose touch with reality. The tension becomes greater as Mr and Mrs White's conversation develops - Mrs White now becomes irrational and hysterical. She also becomes angry and controlling towards her husband as he refuses to make the wish and starts cruelly bullying him. The roles of a stereotypical husband and wife are reversed; Mrs White is now telling him what to do and raising her voice over him. "Get it," she shouts to her husband who now cannot even recognise the rampant woman standing before him.

    • Word count: 3229
  9. How does H.G. Wells use the medium of Science fiction to comment on the social conditions of his time and warn people of the future consequences? H. G. Wells, the writer of "The Time Machine" was

    Wells uses the medium of Science Fiction, a pessimistic vision of the future, to introduce his idea of the future and time travel to try and warn his time of the future. At the start of the novel Wells uses scientific explanations and the use of physics to show the idea of his time machine to show his extensive journey. Wells uses the technique of a story within a story, to involve readers as an audience. Wells uses a specific choice of language to first describe the Time Traveller, like "dirty", his hair is "disordered" which suggests he has been through an "intense suffering" to indicate the terror of the story he will tell.

    • Word count: 1266
  10. James day The time traveller 24/01/06

    This generation also wore sandals in the warm climate, and possessed beauty and grace, yet looked 'indescribably frail'. They also had short curly hair (none on the face), tiny mouths, ears, pointed chins and large mild eyes. After examining this new race, the time traveller comes to the conclusion that they're feeble and weak. He sees them as 'easily fatigued' children, with an infant like personality. It comes to the time traveller that this population is like this because of the perfect world they live in, where no one is 'kept keen on the grindstone of pain and necessity'.

    • Word count: 2762
  11. How does the author suggest the increasing threat of the Morlocks in 'Time Machine'? H.G Wells wrote the 'Time Machine' in the year 1895. This was the period of the Industrial Revolution

    The second specie that the Time Traveller discovers later on in the future is a race called the Morlocks, who have evolved to an underground habitat. The Time Traveller portrays these species as " white large creatures" with "pupils of the abysmal fish". He uses a metaphor when he describes the Morlocks eyes as it greatly dramatises the feature, providing the reader with a horrid impression of the Morlocks. We are also informed that these creatures are carnivorous when he states, "The Morlocks at any rate were carnivorous".

    • Word count: 1373
  12. Discuss how the authors create tension in each of the stories. Which do you think is the more successful ghost story?

    The Red Room by H.G.Wells straight away creates an immediate impact upon the reader with the opening sentence used by the central protagonist. "I can assure you," said I,"that it will take a very tangible ghost to frighten me" Instantly the reader is lured into the eerie atmosphere. The presence of the old people at this stage gives a certain sense of tension with their mysterious appearance, especially the man with the withered arm. The fact that there is no knowledge or history of the house at the beginning of the story is in itself quite mysterious.

    • Word count: 841
  13. 'How does the composer, Shaun Tan, convey the central themes and ideas in his dual narrative The Red Tree'

    In this dual narrative, the little girl is standing behind a closed window. The window has a padlock on the outside so she cannot get to it. The words used on this page are "wonderful things are passing you by". She can see all these "wonderful things" but she cannot interact with any of them. She cannot escape. Loneliness, isolation and alienation are also themes of the book The Red Tree. Throughout the book the little girl is by her self, whether it is walking on the street, in her house or anywhere else, she is always alone.

    • Word count: 1003
  14. Found it hard to decide which story is the most effective, but I have decided that The Judge's House is the most effective as it leaves you with a scary scene. A student hanging there dead, whereas The Red Room ends

    The tension is created because we know that the setting will be the farthest thing from safety. "...unpretentious little town ... nothing to distract him". He goes to a place a long way away called "Benchurch". He arrives at a gothic style house, described as a sort of prison/house, which is now typical, for a horror story as many have copied off of other older books like this one now. The tension rises when we are told that he is staying the night in an "Old rambling, heavy-built house of the Jacobean style". We begin to feel more tension as the agent, Mr.

    • Word count: 1842
  15. What is H.G Wells trying to tell the readers about humanityIn his novel 'The Time Machine'

    In Wells novel, there is a message telling readers about humanity. In the time of H.G.Wells there was great division between the races, and Wells believes that the two races of his age, will divide even further apart into two different races. The working class people's lifestyle differed from the rich, and it was this difference in lifestyle that causes humanity, to divide into two different races in Wells novel. The poor worked in factories, mills, and mines, and it was this which played a major role in the in the separation of humanity.

    • Word count: 3104
  16. How does mile Zola establish setting and character in the opening chapter of the novel 'Thrse Raquin'? In the opening paragraph, the author uses a lot of proper nouns for example

    It suggests that something bad is going to happen and it seems as though there is a foreboding atmosphere. The window of the shop seems like a place that people wouldn't want to loiter and even if they do, 'the shopkeepers look suspiciously at any passer-by'. Zola also includes a lot of pathetic fallacy in the opening chapter, which all portray a melancholic setting and gives the reader an idea that something unexpected will occur. It also may suggest that the world is leaking emotion and that passion maybe a theme later on in the book.

    • Word count: 606
  17. Describe a room in a deserted mansion making sure that the description reflects the characters that had once lived their and the events that had taken place

    This room seemed to be the only room with a sense of live in it; it had something about it that drew me in, and eventually enticed me in. I cautiously opened the heavily sculptured arched doorway, to unveil what looked like a large concert hall. My heart was beating in rhythm with my footsteps, almost so shocked and scared with the fact of the unknown that it nearly stopped. The light that I had experienced from outside the hall had seemed to of just vanished before my eyes as though someone was tampering with the light switch.

    • Word count: 681
  18. In The Cone the narration is in third person. This gives the impression that the characters are almost detached from the story, they could die at any moment. In parts where Raut is tense, you go into his mind

    If it were referred to without personification e.g. machine the reader would believe it was completely under control, with human description comes human cunning and in recent years around Europe, human betrayal and revolution. Much of what is said inside the iron works is relating to death: "blood-red vapour as red and hot as sin...it is as white as death" This constant referral to death builds tension because the reader is unsure if Horrocks knows about the affair and, if so, what he will do as reprisal.

    • Word count: 594
  19. How do the H G Wells Stories The Red Room, The Cone and the stolen bacillus create and maintain tension?

    In the time of The Red Room (1896) Europe was in utter turmoil. The last century had brought more revolutions in a year than in the entire 20th century. In 1848 (the year of revolutions), revolts and uprisings happened in Paris, Frankfurt, Berlin, Warsaw, Prague, Vienna, Budapest, Milan, Venice, Palermo and (several revolutions in) Rome. It seemed that Great Britain was next; even those with work were poorly housed and inadequately fed. The Red Room plays on these fears of revolution and unrest.

    • Word count: 2221
  20. This essay is going to illustrate how 'The red room' by H.G Wells and 'The farthing house' by Susan Hill to a certain degree are typical of the horror, ghost story genre.

    H.G Wells cunningly creates an eerie and negative impression, by the clever description of the elderly people. He describes the narrator's first meeting; 'I heard the sound of a stick and the shambling step on the flag in the passage outside, and the door creaked on its hinges as a second old man entered, more bent, more wrinkled, more aged even than the first.' In the story ambiance is suggested, by arrangement and action but especially by H.G Well's choice of language when describing the characters and furniture of the room 'the queer old mirror', 'the man with the withered arm', 'the decaying yellow teeth' and 'the monstrous shadows' these quotes all provoke suspense and add to the atmosphere suggesting that the elderly are the ghosts themselves.

    • Word count: 3331
  21. " "HG Wells' novel "The War Of The Worlds" successfully creates a thrilling climate of terror which often reflects late Victorian insecurities." Discuss this statement with reference to the purpose and craft of the Author."

    For once Man wasn't leading Natural Selection; there was something perhaps more powerful than Man himself. This can be seen in the Martians' total dependence on their machines that the narrator sees from the broken house - "I had to convince myself that this was indeed a machine with a Martian at the helm". Another, perhaps more immediate worry for Great Britain was the situation with Europe being on the brink of a major war. A matter particularly pertinent to Britain was the naval race, and Wells alludes to this in the book, with the Martians secretly planning a great attack to cripple Earth reflecting the Germans secretly building a huge navy to rival Britain's, and invade.

    • Word count: 1264
  22. Discuss H.G Wells' portrayal of Victorian society and his fears for the future as shown in his science fiction novel, 'The time Machine'

    He first perceives the world to be a utopia but his first impressions are wrong. He expected the future to be more advanced than his own time, with science having provided the answer to society and mankind's problems. He soon discovers that this is not the case. Instead of civilization progressing it has regressed. He leaves his time machine and goes to explore the world of Eight Hundred Two Thousand Seven Hundred and One. He meets the Eloi; the descendents of man. To his horror and disappointment he finds them to be stupid and indolent, not advanced.

    • Word count: 1878
  23. How does HG Wells create the mood and atmosphere of suspense in the short stories 'The Red Room' and 'The Cone'

    This ambiguity creates a mysterious mood as the reader is unaware of whom these people are. His use of words such as 'nervously' and 'whisper' gives a suggestion that something is going to happen and creates a nervous expectation and suspense within the reader. Both short stories are part of the 'Gothic' genre and HG Wells heavily emphasises horror and mystery throughout the two stories to create a tense and suspenseful atmosphere. One way he creates this kind of atmosphere is through his physical descriptions of both the location and the characters. In 'The Red Room' he describes how 'the grand staircase picked out everything in vivid black shadow or silvery illumination'; the use of 'silvery illumination' is a rather ghostly connotation and spawns a mysterious feeling in the reader.

    • Word count: 1386
  24. What are the important characteristics of an effective ghost story?

    It almost gives no clue as to what the story is about. 'The Axe' tends to make people think of a literal axe which instantly gives people that horror story feel. Though, of course, 'The Axe' can be taken two ways in the sense that to fire someone from their job can be referred to as axing them or it could be an actual axe. All three of the stories start in different manners, which sets them apart. 'The Red Room' begins with speech; 'I can assure you... that it will take a very tangible ghost to frighten me'.

    • Word count: 2266

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