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GCSE: J.D. Salinger
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That killed me. Shaking hands is just about the most phony thing a person can do. But I shook it anyway, just to be polite and all. "Selma Thurman, right?" "Yeah, that's right," she said with another shy smile. In a funny way, she kind of reminded me of Jane. She had that same distinctive smile that would light up any room, a genuine smile. Not one of those phony ones. You can always tell when someone is genuine. "You go to Pencey right?" she asked "That's right," "Then you know my father." Boy! did I know her father.
- Word count: 1088
The novel is called The Catcher in the Rye because Holden hears in chapter 16, a poem written by Robert Burns called Comin through the Rye and he dreams of being a sort of guardian of the children who play in a rye field, and stop them when
The significance of Holden's red hunting hat refers to what he wanted to show to people. With this hat, he felt like unique, better than the others surrounding him. During the novel, he is always mentioning the hat when he is wearing it, and if he hanged out with people he know, he wouldn't wear it, because that people knew who he really was. The red hat also refers to Holden's problem with isolation and with the companion he sometimes needed.
- Word count: 1112
Write about Holdens relationships with females in The Catcher in the Rye and how Salinger presents these relationships
As Holden explains that adults are inevitably phonies, and, what's worse, they can't see their own phoniness. Phoniness, for Holden, stands as an emblem of everything that's wrong in the world around him and provides an excuse for him to withdraw into his cynical loneliness. In addition Holden's encounter with Sunny, when it becomes clear that he is unable to handle a sexual encounter; the end of his date with Sally, when he tries to get her to run away with him; and his departure from Mr.
- Word count: 1024
This shows Holden admitting that he is excluded and victimised by the world around him. The second is a possible reason why he may be considered a 'loser' in Pencey. He has gone to talk to his History teacher out of choice as a social thing rather than anything to do with his studies. The conversation does turn to Holden's recent History test and reveals that Holden is lazy and an extreme under-achiever. This inability to achieve could be yet another reason why he is an individual (negative). He can not joke with his peers about his poor grades and this lack of conversation does not help his feeling of being 'trapped on the other side'.
- Word count: 1090
Although Holden is friendly with many people at school and has several friends in New York, he is constantly lonely and needs someone who will sympathize with his feelings of alienation. The person Holden feels closest to is his ten year old sister Phoebe. He never connects or has a good relationship with anyone at Pencey. "It was one of the worst schools I ever went to. It was full of phonies. You never saw so many mean guys in your life."
- Word count: 1129
Holden uses the broad term "phoniness" to describe the superficiality, hypocrisy, pretension, and shallowness that he encounters. He feels this way because of the adult tendency to adopt these qualities in social situations, and because he fears the idea of adulthood. He believes that he must protect the children who are growing up from adopting these qualities, and that he must keep them pure. Lennon was an outspoken purveyor of peace and was one of the largest political activists at the time. Imagine, his single, besides being an anthem for anti-war protests, powerfully spoke against aspects of life such as greed and the concept of possessions.
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Another trait visible from Holden's narration is the immaturity in understanding change, which is obvious from the way his thoughts are constantly revolving around preservation such as his school essay about Egyptian mummies. Over the course of his odyssey, Holden becomes enlightened to the idea that there may indeed be a problem with his emotional health and at the end of the novel, pursues counseling to help him deal with his troubles. Holden hints that the source of his mental trauma is related to his inability to cope with the death of his only brother, Allie.
- Word count: 1762
How does Slinger present Holden as being both a strong and a weak character in 'The Catcher in the Rye'?
Further on in the book Holden becomes alone and it seems that he either mentions others from his past so that he may judge them - 'something happened once ... I roomed with this boy, Dick Slagle, that had these very inexpensive suitcases' - or begins to judge himself - 'but I'm crazy. I swear to God I am'. These examples highlight this fault even more whilst also forming a new one in the shape of low self-esteem. Holden is shown to categorise those he comes into contact with by how much money they have.
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This shows that Priestley could be using Inspector Goole as a puppet because he has strong socialist beliefs. The Inspector keeps repeating the word "we". He wants to include everyone and not leave anyone out. This is an ethos of socialism. Priestley is trying to convert the audience. The Inspector is also commanding, he says "I tell you". He uses his authority when he wants and how he wants. This makes Sheila, Gerald, Eric, Mr and Mrs Birling and Edna believe he is an Inspector.
- Word count: 1568
"Treat the Catcher in the Rye as a letter from Holden to you, imagine you are one of the characters in the novel (Jane, Allie, D.B, Psychoanalyst, Phoebe, Holden's Mum or Dad) and write the reply.
I remember you told me about that guy, Stradlater, and he was going on a date with Jane. He asked you to do an essay for him. I wouldn't have done it for him; you have got your own life, try living it brother. Why didn't you tell him you didn't want to do it for him? If he was an alright guy he would have stayed at the school and written it himself. He was walking all over you and he only did it because you did not have anything better to do, because you were getting kicked out of Pencey in a few days.
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Holden refers to Stradlater as a secret slob. He describes how Stradlater always tries to be neat and tidy on the outside to impress others but how he is not when you get to know him. In the scene where Holden and Stradlater are in the can and Stradlater is getting ready for a date, Holden describes Stradlater's razor is rusty and full with hair and lather. Furthermore you can see that how Holden doesn't want to react to corrupt and evil society when he tells about his future to Sally. He tells that he will never come back home.
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He instead immediately assumes that everyone is biased against him instead of maturely just accepting that you have to follow the rules and you can't just create your own. Holden is disillusioned and sees everyone as being cynical and believes that everything is either black or white; Holden Caulfield sees childhood as being ideal and he thinks adulthood is filled with corrupt people. Another immature thing Holden does is he can never seem to stand up for himself or tell someone directly what he was thinking or what he wanted them to do, "I dropped about a thousand hints, but
- Word count: 1432
Though his innocence regarding issues of school, money, and sexuality has already been lost, he still hopes to protect others from knowing about these adult subjects. Holden, unlike the usual fictional teenager, doesn't express normal rebellion. He distrusts his teachers and parents not because he wants to separate himself from them, but because he can't understand them. In fact there is little in the world that he does understand. The only people he trusts and respects are Allie, his deceased brother, and Phoebe, his younger sister.
- Word count: 1100
This makes him likeable because it adds realism to his character as he does not totally disclose his feelings, making us, the reader feel as if we have to earn his trust as the book furthers. We can see this if we contrast an extract from the beginning of the book, 'If you really want to hear about it... and one further on in the book, for example when he is in Ernie's and he goes off on a tangent about people clapping, 'People always clap for the wrong things...'
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Anyway she's about the same age as my brother D.B., have I told you about him? Well my brother D.B. he's a writer, in fact he's a pretty good writer, sometimes his writing is so good it knocks me out. Well, he's in Hollywood now, I tried to persuade him not to go but he wouldn't listen even though I was being as suave as hell. I hate all that phoney crap, it's so dull. You know Phoebe my sister, well she's quite young and even she's read all D.B.'s books, they're that good.
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I'll just tell you about this madman stuff that happened to me around late Christmas just before I got pretty run-down and had to come out here and take it easy." This is typical of the way Holden speaks, and here reveals a first hint of instability which becomes clearer as he is about to leave Pency Prep when he tells us he has very pronounced mood changes. One moment he tells us he is energetically tap dancing in the bathroom while Stradlater is shaving and the next moment he is sitting in an armchair quite immobile for half an hour, just thinking.
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The waiter at the\inn said that he and heard of the school, and he also knew stories about it. However, this quotation may be unreliable because he may have wanted to scare Dave. " That's the school where they broke the boy's ribs - two ribs..." Differences between Sterforth and Stradlater Stradlater and Sterforth have very much in commom. Stradlater is outwardly friendly and considerate; yet still one of the phonies that Holden abhors. Stradlater is both playful and charming, but is still self-centered and arrogant. He flaunts his assets, whether physical or monetary. He performs these actions to show what he posses.
- Word count: 1326
Holden then witnesses Phoebe ride the carrousel in Central Park as she goes ?go around and around?(pg 190). The carousel at this point of the novel is emblematic of what Holden wishes the world would be like: unchanging and without progression. The circular shape of the carousel symbolizes the continuance of innocence by projecting a picture of infinity and never ending. Therefore, while Holden?s earlier preoccupation with change and death is still active, the carrousel is a symbol of a timeless and ageless object that provides a sense of security in Holden?s awry world.
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Like as if all you ever did at Pencey was play polo all the time. I never even once saw a horse anywhere near the place.? (Page 4) Since Holden never saw any of these things at the school, he is convinced that they ought to be a phony. Holden?s obsession with calling everything phony grows when he digs deep to find any reason whatsoever to call something phony. He adds: ?We always had the same meal on Saturday nights at Pencey.
- Word count: 1030