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How is Mr Hayward represented in Spies

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How is Mr Hayward represented in 'Spies'? "Adults are not after all members of some completely different species" It is easy for a child to assume that their parents are invincible beings who can not be hurtful or uncaring. The role of a parent, especially the father is to care for, teach and above all love their children. This is not always as easy to do as it sounds. Sometimes a parent finds themselves unable to display all of the emotions they should show and ends up neglecting and pushing away the child. Michael Frayn has portrayed the difficulties and hardships some parents have and go through, loving their child through Mr Hayward. Keith never admits it and neither does Mrs Hayward but both are neglected by the one person who should love them both more than anything in the world and although Stephen is also well aware of the neglect he never says anything to either of them. ...read more.


When writing about Mr Hayward Frayn only ever uses third person narrative. This means the reader never has a full understanding of what is taking place inside Mr Hayward's head and what his true emotions are. By doing this it helps create the illusion of him being a controlling unloving man as the reader are not aware of any insecurities he may have as he is only portrayed through the eyes of Stephen and therefore we do not have an insight into Mr Hayward's mind and feelings. The reader is aware of Mr Hayward's loss of control when he is confronted with the fact that his wife has been betraying him behind his back "He (Mr Hayward) also looks more wretched than I have ever seen anyone look before... 'Please,' he says in a strange small urgent voice." This description of Mr Hayward proves to the reader that Mr Hayward does have a vulnerable side to him. ...read more.


Another way in which Frayn represents the influence over Keith comes at the end of the book as Keith uses the bayonet to slice Stephens's neck. Throughout the book Stephen notes that Mrs Hayward often wears a neck scarf and the reader comes to understand that Mr Hayward regularly uses this form of violence on his wife. The violence used on his wife enhances Mr Hayward's image of being a power hungry, controlling man who likes the feeling that he is superior to all those around him and that the people who love him also live in fear of him. This image is corrupted during the novel as he is made aware of the fact that his wife has been unfaithful, however he continues to control the situation and at the end of the book is whistling as he closes the door to their house and attempting to uphold his image of being in control. ?? ?? ?? ?? Anna Jones ...read more.

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