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GCSE: Robert Louis Stevenson
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- Peer Reviewed essays 7
What are the Main Difficulties for a twenty-first Century reader in fully appreciating Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde(TM)5 star(s)
A twenty-first century reader could have difficulties in understanding the surroundings, as the writer assumes that the knowledge of the conditions is already there and he just needs to build on that. A likely difficulty for a twenty-first century reader is that this novella frequently switches between characters, to get an idea of the emotions of different individuals. But, from my experience, many novels and novellas in the twenty-first century are one long plot from a single character's perspective, for example, 'Cell' by Stephen King.
- Word count: 1110
How does Stevenson create a sense of dramatic tension in the chapter The Last Night(TM), in the context of the novel as a whole?5 star(s)
Neither the reader nor the characters know what has happened to Dr Jekyll; the longer we do not know, the more we want to know, and so the suspense builds. The chapter is very visual, even filmic, so we are drawn into creating our own vivid images from the text. It is as if we are there with the characters, share their feelings of foreboding and terror, and at once want to know what has happened to Dr. Jekyll and are afraid to know.
- Word count: 1308
However, Dr Jekyll had suppressed his 'pleasures' for too long and his darker side grew stronger and stronger inside him throughout his life. Many of the 'pleasures' Hyde was able to have included drinking alcohol, and gambling as well as being able to fulfill many of his sexual desires. I believe that Jekyll was guilty of 'that crime upon so pitiful as provocation', which he committed through Hyde, because he had a choice to drink the potion again and carrying on with his devilish deeds or suppress his darker side from committing such devious crimes.
- Word count: 1493
A human is half pleasant and half wicked and in this novel this theme comes up regularly. Other techniques used are included in setting, dialogue, character description and imagery. The setting is the first place where contrast can be seen. One contrast is the setting of where Mr Hyde is first seen. The description of the street creates a pleasurable image. "air of invitation," and "row of smiling sales women,". These phrases suggest the street is welcoming and uses similes to show this. This charming street contrasted to it's own neighbourhood. "shone out in contrast to it's dingy neighbourhood," and "like a fire in a forest,".
- Word count: 1028
How and why does Stephenson explore the duality of man(TM)s nature in Strange case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde(TM)?3 star(s)
But his worked showed the link that humans have to primates and how they are their ancestors. This is shown y Stephenson as he describes a lot of Hyde's emotions and actions as those of which an animal and, more importantly, a primate would have. "The animal within me licking the chops of memory" The story was written in the third person from the point of view from Mr Utterson. This shows an outsider's point of view which seems to show that he is solving the mystery at the same time we are, he knows as much as we do therefore his surprise and curiosity make the reader want to keep on reading because it is as thought we are inside his head.
- Word count: 1712
During the time when the book was written, people who looked different or who had disabilities or deformities which are widely accepted today, were not liked and were usually shut away. This is why no one liked or talked to Hyde. There is proof of this in the lines "I had taken a loathing to the man at first sight" and "gave me a look so ugly, it brought out the sweat on me like running".
- Word count: 584
Apart from Jekyll and Hyde there is another pair of names that show R.L. Stevensons theme of the duality of man and they are Mr Utterson and Mr Richard Enfield. Utterson is described as "backward in sentiment, lean, long, dusty, dreary" "cold scanty" a rugged face "Yet somehow loveable" this in the very first sentence introducing the theme of the duality of man. The novel contains motifs of secrets and things hidden. This idea is brought through by darkness gross darkness of the night", not been able to see and weather like fog the fog began to lie thickly" making things hard to see/ can't make out the full picture.
- Word count: 850
This is reflected into the novella, with the more experimental Dr Jekyll, which eventually leads to his apparent death. In contrast, you have Dr Hastie Lanyon, a more stringent and 'old-style' scientist who at one point dismisses Jekyll's experiments as, "scientific balderdash", this clearly shows the straight to the point view that would have been shared with Victorian society towards experimental science. It had huge implications: namely that God was not the higher authority and Science had influence with the creation of everything which at the time many people were scared of god's wrath and the consequences if they were found playing with science whereas today we are more scared of what we create than the consequences of religion.
- Word count: 4775
Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde Coursework. Stevensons objective for the novel was to get the reader to realize that nobody is perfect and everybody has a dark side to their personality.
Jack the ripper is one of them. This side of society back then represents Mr Hyde. London back then had dark fogy nights and some rainy nights, identical to the nights described in Jekyll and Hyde. "nine in the morning, and the first fog of the season... as the cab drew up before the address indicated, the fog lifted a little and showed him a dingy street." The setting is choosing Mr Utterson's path. The setting gives a picture that evil is trying to pick out Utterson's path, luring him into evil.
- Word count: 1286
In religious culture the left hand is often associated with being led astray, as it says in the Bible in the book of Ecclesiastes "A wise man's heart is at his right hand; but a fool's heart at his left." This signifies that those who choose the right hand choose the path of good; those who choose the left are easily corrupted. Also it is associated with evil because of the etymology of the word "sinister" which in Anglo French reads as "senestre" meaning on the left and from the Latin "sinistr-" meaning on the left side.
- Word count: 1303
How effectively does Stephenson create a sense of mystery and intrigue and introduce important clues in the first chapter of the strange case of Dr Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
Stevenson helps make this apparent by his description of Hyde making him look repulsive, ugly and having a terrible temper and an animal like behaviour. The Victorians had a belief that once you're a criminal you stay a criminal because the criminals were naturally bad. We can see this by the way In which everyone who sees him describes him as ""Particularly small and particularly wicked-looking, is what the maid calls him," said the officer." The fact that this sort of reaction is natural to everyone who sees Mr Hyde implies to us that firstly Stevenson believed in the 'criminal class' theory, Mr Hyde is living proof of this.
- Word count: 1623
Jekyll and Hyde Essay; How does R. L. Stevenson convey the dual nature of mans personality in The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde?
The London area itself was a city of startling contrasts. New building and affluent development went hand in hand with horribly overcrowded slums where people lived in the worst conditions imaginable. Also the population surged during the 19th Century, from about 1 million in 1800 to over 6 million a century later. This growth far exceeded London's ability to look after the basic needs of its citizens. Many modern people mistakenly imagine the Victorian period to have been a time of tranquillity and peace, far different from our own supposedly more violent age.
- Word count: 1846
I will explore how good and evil is presented in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde written by Robert Louis Stevenson.
He feels that he is battling with himself between what is good and what is evil. In chapter 9 after drinking the potion the respectable Jekyll transform himself to younger, cruller and barbarous Mr. Hyde. Dr.Jekyll has many friends and friendly personality but Mr. Hyde has not. He becomes mysterious, secretive and violent. Mr. Hyde grows in power as the time goes by, he takes the potion again and he is no longer confident letting go of his evil side. Religion and science were two dominant forces during Stevenson's time. The rapid development of science caused controversy throughout the churches man was questioning religion and it is trustworthiness.
- Word count: 2170
London at the onset of the book is pleasant and positive. Stevenson uses phrases such as 'the street shone out' and 'like a fire in a forest' to show the reader its initial appeal and warmth. The fact that the street 'drove a thriving trade on weekdays' and that there was an 'air of invitation' gives the effect of a welcoming and social lifestyle the Victorian era had. However some aspects of a Gothic setting and typical Victorian Society are unravelling. The neighbourhood is described as 'dingy', suggesting London at the time was dark and dreary (mainly due to coal being burned).
- Word count: 1347
Explore how Stevenson has presented the character of Mr. Hyde. Comment on how the author has created a sense of evil in this character.
Utterson is portrayed as an investigator of sorts, looking for clues and attempting to solve the riddle behind his friend's mysterious behavior. Furthermore, the truth is withheld until the end and finally revealed with the deaths of Lanyon and Jekyll in order to heighten the disbelief in his readers. Hyde's first introduction to the readers is when he tramples over a young girl. This prejudices the readers' impression of him because it depicts him committing an act of cruel violence.
- Word count: 1710
How successful is Stevenson in appealing to his Target Audience in the first 6 chapters of Treasure Island?
The subject of the book is pirates and treasure which will interest and appeal to teenage boys. Stevenson uses a Pseudonym to subliminally suggest that he himself was a seafaring man - Captain George North and was familiar with the Sea this would appeal to children as they may believe the book is more authentic. Another way of appealing to children is by making the narrator of the book 'Jim' a teenager himself which works well. Victorian parents would also approve of this book because it implemented good morals such as obey your parents- as Jim doesn't disregard others because of their appearances, don't give into corruption an example of this is when he is offered money by the captain to get him a drink but refuses, instead he does it for his fathers' sake.
- Word count: 787
This type of duality is also relevant to the Gothic theme of good and evil and demonstrates a totally unbiased viewpoint from which the whole story can be viewed. It does help the reader to be non-objective when reading the book as the fact that Jekyll and Hyde are two parts of the same person would not be at all obvious if viewing from a Jekyll-centric viewpoint. In this sense the character of Utterson is very useful in understanding the book as one is meant to adopt his position whilst reading and be as utterly non-committal as he.
- Word count: 1880
How does Stevenson Discuss and Reflect Victorian Society and Culture in the Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde?
Soho was a haven for drug dealers, drug users, prostitutes, all types of crime and very poor people. This is reflective of a common situation that was seen in the late eighteen hundreds. It would have been a shocking and unthought-of of idea to discuss this concept openly at the time the book was written, however, as it would make those who carried out deviant acts feel scrutinised and less safe. As if their secret was being made public. This is a very innovative and original reflection of a Victorian situation that was commonplace yet underground. We see more of this social situation when Jekyll himself explains that, as Hyde, he could perform acts that in his normal form he could not.
- Word count: 2509
How Do The Themes Contribute To The Aspect Of Good and Evil Throughout The Plot of: The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde?
Hyde's bidding. The city's description varies as there is a duality to everything; during the story London is described as: '...in a busy quarter of London...it drove a thriving trade on week-days...an air of invitation, like rows of smiling saleswomen'. Mr. Enfield also describes London as: '...on a black winter morning...street after street, and all the folks asleep - street after street, all lighted up as if for a procession, and all as empty as a church...the low growl of London from all around'.
- Word count: 1895
How does Stevenson explore the duality of human nature in the strange case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde?
Darwin's theory basically was set to prove that people are descended from a similar species to apes. It would seem that these two sides are together in one body but still one is lost or even hidden. Stevenson's shocking novella heightened a drama amongst Victorian upper middle class citizens because this idea was a difficult one for them to grasp. However as time went on this idea became less uncommon, for example; in 1954 'Lord of the Flies' by William Golding was published. Golding believed that if people were left stranded without democracy and order, there sense of humanity and morals would disintegrate, therefore allowing primitive and even animalistic instincts to creep through.
- Word count: 1813
Themes * The duality of human nature - that everyone has a good and bad side. The book precedes Freud's ideas, published shortly after, about different ego states - the different facets of a personality. Inner/outer, public/private, masculine/feminine. Freud would have said that the instincitve inner desires that Dr. Jekyll wanted to suppress came from the 'id' - Stevenson was a good 25 years before his time! * 'The beast in man' - could this have been inspired by Darwin's (1859) Origin of the Species which established that humans are descended from animals. Do we all keep our 'inner beast' caged up inside?
- Word count: 1203
The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. How does Henry Jekylls full statement of case of the Case resolve the questions which are raised in the novel?
In the beginning of the final chapter we learn how he was brought up in an upper class environment and had a very comfortable childhood. We also learn that he had high hopes for the future. "I was born in the year 18 to a large fortune, endowed besides with excellent parts with every guarantee of an honourable and distinguished future". Jekyll's character is one who is generally very considering and caring to his fellow man. He describes himself in his early years as being "fond of the respect of the wise and the good of my fellow men".
- Word count: 1039
Discuss Stevensons portrayal of the nature of good and evil and the dual nature of mans personality. What does this show us about Stevensons view of Victorian Britain?
Whilst travelling Stevenson met a certain Fanny Osborne, a women both older then him and already married. They had a short lived affair before Osborne absconded, leaving her husband for the young Stevenson and the couple soon wed. Second marriages were considered a "taboo" topic in the Victorian era, and Stevenson once again found himself branded as "evil" and "ignorant", further stimulating Stevenson's mind on right and wrong. Stevenson's first wrote "The strange case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde" in 1885 and the book was released a year later.
- Word count: 3673
Choose an extract from R.L. Stevensons The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde and discuss how the writer creates an atmosphere that reflects the concerns of the novel as well as the times he lived in
He also recognises the murder weapon as a walking stick he gave to Jekyll. He also still has Hyde's address and accompanies the police to it, where they find the other half of the murder weapon and the burned remains of Hyde's checkbook. They are told that Hyde hasn't been home for months and see no sign of him in the months that follow. The atmosphere is fairly mysterious. The fact that the reader doesn't know what happens until the end of the book helps to create this atmosphere, as it means the reader is confused.
- Word count: 1971
This shows that Utterson had become discontenting towards Jekyll's science, because, like most people, he was a religious man. Religious people at the time would have thought that the body should remain untouched and left to rest when you die. I think that Jekyll and Hyde was a very strange novel but a interesting novel. I think it is interesting because it explores the duality between 2 people very closely and gives the reader a good insight on to what having a 'double life' is actually like. I think this is done especially well because Stevenson uses the first person which enables the reader to understand exactly what is being thought by the person in question, so when they speak an account of what they heard, saw or did the reader can feel like they were actually there.
- Word count: 1833