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GCSE: Robert Louis Stevenson

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  1. Dear Enfield,

    It appears that there was once more to Henry Jekyll, the simple and righteous doctor, than we once knew. In his letter he pays particular attention to a sort of "dual nature" which has been troubling him all his later life. His study has been directed by the ideas of man being not one but in fact two. This seems most unusual and out of the ordinary, he became obsessive about his work by experimenting with his very self, it appears that he purchased some chemicals for his personal consumption that he knew would "shake the very fortress of identity".

    • Word count: 477
  2. Utterson’s character

    There are no extreme elements to his character; he is neither good nor bad. Although he displays a certain craving for evil, he is forced to maintain his austere Victorian reputation. Through the author's use of narration, the reader sees many of the novels events through Utterson's eyes and we can perceive his feelings. Utterson also has the role of the partial narrator in this novel sometimes, as many of the books events are often seen through his eyes. This is due to the fact that he is after all an austere and stern lawyer, who knows every character in the whole book, which allows him to have a rather objective perspective on the events.

    • Word count: 1060
  3. How does Stevenson describe Edward Hyde and what are the effects for the reader?

    Bring the reader close, and then ripping it from them. Although the face of Hyde is always kept hidden from us, the stature is not. In the first paragraph of the book, Hyde is described by Enfield as, 'Some damned Juggernaut'. He is also told to have 'trampled calmly'. This is odd, as it is contradicting itself. This may have been a ploy by the author to confuse the reader. Stevenson wants to leave the imagination of the reader to wild, to let the reader think for himself.

    • Word count: 498
  4. What impressions of Mr Hyde are created in the first two chapters of ‘Doctor Jekyll and Mr Hyde’? And in what way does Stevenson create theses impressions?

    These words show that Hyde is somebody who doesn't seem to care, and has no conscience about hurting a small child. Mr Enfield describes him as a "Damned Juggernaut". We also learn of the 'Ugly' that Stevenson gives to Hyde. Also Hyde is describe as 'so ugly that it brought out the sweat on me like running' Stevenson wants the reader to understand that Hyde makes people afraid of him. Enfield for example is terrified and also in general people seem to be afraid of him.

    • Word count: 1168
  5. What do we learn of Victorian London and society from Stevenson’s story?

    We are told that the neighbourhood was 'dingy'. The main part of this description was about the door. His door is described as 'blister and distained' giving a sense that even the doors are less attractive in a 'run-down' area. We are told that 'tramps' lived in the area and all kinds of things were done to deface the door but still no one had ever done anything about it. Stevenson's description of this door tells us that all doors in this type of area were similar.

    • Word count: 1397
  6. Dr. Henry Jekyll

    once again, the mask motif is used by the author to underline his theme of duality. Dr. Jekyll owns a large estate and has recently drawn up his will, leave his immense fortune to a man whom Jekyll's lawyer, Utterson, thoroughly disapproves of. He was born into a prosperous family had a good education and was respected by all who knew him although he recognizes and enjoys the evil side of his nature check-in is in fact a hypocrite because he fails to accept it as a natural part of himself.

    • Word count: 1398
  7. How Does the Setting Contribute to the Suspense and Atmosphere in “The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde”?

    It displays images of a busy, bustling thoroughfare with horses and carts sweeping across it, an image typical of the era. In the story, Mr Hyde's residence is said to be in London's Soho. At that time, this particular area of the city had a very bad reputation for prostitutes, criminals and other undesirables. This is a reflection of the way the reader is encouraged to view Mr Hyde, who himself was an undesirable. It is also representative of the attitude towards what was commonly perceived as an 'underclass'.

    • Word count: 2029
  8. Essay Examining the Techniques Used by R.L.Stevenson in ‘The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde’ to Heighten the Horror.

    The mystery begins at the very start, where we meet Utterson who is an intelligent lawyer who does not quickly judge other people. Mr Utterson becomes our guide throughout many of the chapters and we see all of the discoveries he makes. The door in Dr Jekyll's house stands out because Mr Hyde uses it as if were his own and a theme of mystery evolves around it, because we do not know where it leads to. This is where we first meet Mr Hyde. He is hard to describe but has a strong effect on everybody who meets him.

    • Word count: 1712
  9. A comparison of the ways in which Golding presented Ralph Jack in the Lord of the Flies and Stevenson’s presentation of Jekyll and Hyde in the novel Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde

    The author has put Ralph and Piggy together because they are different in both mind and body. Together they will both make a whole good person. Ralph is tall, fit, good-looking and fair-haired. Ralph has a good background with his father being in the navy. This suggests that Ralph was brought up in a good way, so he should know the difference between right and wrong. This is a stereotypical good person, but Ralph is not a thinker. Ralph does do some bad things.

    • Word count: 1217
  10. Comparison of three scenes in “Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde”

    I desired to kill him". This is a prime example of the effect Hyde has on people. Enfield believed he says how both him and Hyde knew what was in each other's minds, which is a supernatural act in itself. This may imply that Enfield was very suspect of Hyde, and his background right from the start. After meeting Hyde Enfield had been left with a an evilness in him which more than likely he hadn't brought out before. As he knew he couldn't kill Hyde he wanted to "make his name stink from one end of London to the other".

    • Word count: 749
  11. Compare and contrast the ways in which atmosphere is built up in the short story ‘The Red Room’ by H.G. Wells and Stevenson’s novel, ‘The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde’.

    The reader is launched straight into the story by starting in the middle of a conversation. Right away, the reader knows that the story is of the Gothic genre as the word ghost is mentioned almost immediately. Little history is given and the characters are described in little more detail than their appearance. At the start, the reader is left wondering why the old people are so scared of the room and why they believe it is haunted. This mystery is resolved as the narrator is walking towards the room. Most of the story is spent describing the journey to the room and the night in the room.

    • Word count: 3309
  12. “Dr. Jekyll deserves our sympathy – he is a victim of Victorian Values.” Discuss.

    Dr. Jekyll also refers to religion a lot. He says that it brands his 'pleasures' as evil. This view may have been due to Stevenson's strict Calvinistic upbringing. Edinburgh was very like London, and so while growing up, he would have been under the same sort of pressures as Hyde. However, being ill most of his life, he only got to partake in some of his own 'evil activities', so Hyde may have been a way of Stevenson unleashing energy within himself. He may have been suggesting that it was dangerous to suppress certain elements of human nature.

    • Word count: 2202
  13. How does Stevenson explore good and evil through the characters of Jekyll and Hyde?

    The phrase ?well-made? has a double meaning, suggesting both physical masculinity and wealth, a successful businessman having carved his own fortune. ?Smooth faced? not only suggests attractive features but also an unblemished reputation, which in all society is greatly idealised and upheld: a tarnished image was tantamount to social ruin. However, when Jekyll is in the form of Hyde, he is ?not easy to describe. There is something wrong with his appearance; something displeasing, something downright detestable.? The repetition used in this line describes how difficult it is to create an adequate portrayal of the man: significance of Hyde?s inconceivable yet hideous abnormality.

    • Word count: 1510
  14. What contributions to the novel "Jeckyll and Hyde" are made by minor characters such as Poole and Sir Edward Danvers?

    This contributes to a foreshadowing of bad events to come in the future; the word ?policeman? suggests these events go against the law. Enfield later tells Utterson about a strange character that brings a sense of disgust and detestation to all the witnesses of a young girl being trampled. He describes him as ?deformed somewhere; he gives a strong feeling of deformity, although I couldn?t specify the point.? This contribution acts as a device to the unfolding of the story as Utterson finds such a character quite intriguing- and follows on in ?the search for Mr Hyde?.

    • Word count: 1199
  15. How does Stevenson Make Mr Utterson an Interesting and Significant Character in "Jekyll and Hyde"?

    This provides him with connections with every other major character in the novel, making him very significant. In giving him this quality, Stevenson has made Mr Utterson the central, loose-end-connecting man. Another interesting quality that Mr Utterson possesses is his intense loyalty to his friends. He is constantly concerned for their welfare. It causes him to be deeply distressed over Dr. Jekyll's relationship with Mr. Edward Hyde. For example, when he is convinced that Edward Hyde has injured Dr. Jekyll, he is quick to take action and break down the door to the laboratory in order to come to his friend's aid.

    • Word count: 1264
  16. Hyde is presented as an ugly, deformed creature in the first extract, who seems to be naturally evil and causes others to feel so much hatred towards him.

    His calm composure with no signs of regret continues as Mr Hyde remained ?perfectly cool and made no resistance?. Using ?perfectly? before cool emphasizes that he showed no care or remorse at all, although he has clearly hurt the girl, who was ?screaming?. It portrays Hyde as very heartless and evil, particularly as he had trampled on an innocent girl, who would have not created any motive for Hyde to hurt her. The fact that she was a girl makes her seem more vulnerable too, presenting Hyde as more merciless. Furthermore, his lack of speech further reveals his nonchalance and disregard to the girl?s pain.

    • Word count: 638
  17. Can Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde be seen as a commentary on Victorian Society?

    He hopes this will allow him to appear to follow a righteous path, while allowing Hyde and therefore his more unacceptable impulses to also be freed: ?If each, I told myself, could be housed in separate identities, life would be relieved of all that was unbearable; the unjust might go his way, delivered from the aspirations and remorse of his more upright twin; and the just could walk steadfastly and securely on his upward path, doing the good things in which he found his pleasure?. ?Separated? from Hyde, we see that Jekyll has actually become the victim and lost control.

    • Word count: 1903
  18. Man is not truly one, but truly two. Show how Stevenson explores this idea in The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

    Jekyll. The building has two sides and the surgeon also had two sides. As my list goes on, you will realize how I am talking about how everything has two different faces. Therefore, the story, in an unexplainable way, is not far from real life: everyone, or in fact, every single ?thing? in the world is capable of having two faces. Although the readers do not find out Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is the same person until the very end of the book, afterwards they realize the author had given lots of hints throughout.

    • Word count: 2233
  19. How Mr Utterson is presented in Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde

    His monotonous life is represented in the routine in which on ?Sunday, when his meal was over? he would ?sit close by the fire? and read his bible until the ?church rang out the hour of twelve? when ?he would go gratefully to bed.? Yet Stevenson presents Utterson as ?dreary?, he also gives the lawyer many good qualities, such as his loyalty to his friends.

    • Word count: 677
  20. Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde

    This leads to the expectations of him, coming from a wealthy family with a high status in the Victorian times - Jekyll had to do what was expected of him and become a doctor or a lawyer, which he did achieve. He has all the money, respect and status and from the outside, Jekyll seems to have the perfect Victorian gentleman?s lifestyle. He lives up to this perfect life, putting on a show of having an honest nature, and maintaining good manners and respectable behaviour in public ? ?...he was now no less distinguished for religion.

    • Word count: 3106
  21. What view of human nature does Stevenson present in the Novel The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde?

    Jekyll is also described to be a gentleman who is handsome ?a large, well-made, smooth-faced man of fifty?. The gentlemen during the Victorian times were described as clean and healthy. The word ?well-made? suggests that he was brought up well and is educated. During the Victorian times only the wealthy people were able to provide money for their children o go to school. Jekyll deliberately drinks the potion which transforms him knowing what effects it can have on him. He shows that he is pleased with himself ?I was the first that ever did so for his pleasure?.

    • Word count: 1178
  22. To What Extent Is Stevenson's Novel Critical of Science and Scientists?

    His criticism was directed against scientists who did not know how to control the discoveries they make. Stevenson believes that scientists have a difficult responsibility to make sure their discoveries do not affect the natural ways of this world. In Stevenson?s novel, his criticism is partly addressed to the theory of evolution. This is shown in the details of Hyde?s transformation and the comparisons between Jekyll and Hyde. Hyde represents the primitive man that human evolves from, while Jekyll represents the civilized human. Hyde had been created by science, therefore linking the work of changing a human being with science as evil. Hyde is described mainly with animal imagery, again linking him to Darwin?s theory of evolution.

    • Word count: 1144

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