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GCSE: William Golding
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Golding's ideas and expression
- 1 The novel's title The Lord Of The Flies comes from the Arabic Ba‘al az-Zubab, so Beezlebub, meaning 'lord of demon flies' or 'the devil'.
- 2 The novel explores the thin veneer of civilisation and considers the idea that a scratch to the surface will resort everyone to savagery.
- 3 It also considers the loss of innocence, the break down of civilisation and the break down of friendships through violent bullying, death or the violence around them.
- 4 As the novel progresses the boys’ language deteriorates to mirror the events. For example
The themes of 'Lord Of The Flies'
The violent ‘games’ the boys play reflects what is happening in the adult world.
The killing of pig,
The boys revert to ‘wild’ savages,
Ralph becomes a hunted animal,
Simon is torn apart.
The island originally seems like a paradise but there is foreshadowing in ‘the scar’ that the plane makes,
Humans turn paradise into a hell,
The boys literally set the place on fire; turning it into hell.
The symbolism of paradise,
Man’s basic evil,
Adam and Eve, with the loss of innocence mirrored in the growing evil in the boys.
- Marked by Teachers essays 21
- Peer Reviewed essays 24
We see this later in the novel when Ralph is left alone with only Simon and Piggy by his side. Golding also presents Simon to be very generous; as he comes to the aid of the hungry littluns, Simon always appears to help in times of crisis. Piggy's glasses have been knocked off by an angry Jack and Simon appears without warning to pick them up and hand them back to Piggy, expecting nothing in return. His behaviour is always selfless, only helping the needy.
- Word count: 846
In this quote, Golding uses quite colloquial language to describe Piggys' death. By using the word 'stuff' rather than the distinctive language he used to show us the meaning of Simons' death, the effect of this is that although Piggy was a main character, he did not have a special meaning in this book. At the start of the book were Jack was faced with the challenge of killing a pig, as he was still civilised, he could bring himself to do it.
- Word count: 935
Lord of the Flies begins with friendship and ends with violence. How does Golding present this change and what do you think is shown by it?4 star(s)
The boys arrive on the island with an air of calmness about them and they were masked by the innocence and of course, friendship. Looking at the first portrayal of modern day elections, we see a democratic view that the boys have. Obviously here, we gather that the boys in fact believe in fairness. This could be a reason why the use of the conch as a form of order provides a good way of knowing more of Golding's views on the boys.
- Word count: 833
This is a key moment in the descent because it is showing jacks true and savage side, which is encouragement for the others to do the same. Another key moment in the book is when roger is throwing stones at Percival and he misses purposefully because he felt guilt this shows that although he no longer as to be worried about being punished he retains the conscience that civilisation has given him. Golding describes it as a 1m circle around him that he dare not enter'.
- Word count: 900
Piggy sometimes seems to be the only one with a mature mindset, and he realises that they could be stuck on the Island forever, while the little un's, choir boys and the rest don't think about the long term. The Island is described as quite like a luxury holiday, "palm terrace" and "white surf flinked on a coral reef", which also shows how the boys only think of their time on the island to be temporary.
- Word count: 587
So what. Who cares! We can all do that if we want to, anyone can be a hunter. It's so pointless, he did it on purpose we were nearly there. He did it on purpose, I know he did. (Ralph quietens down momentarily appearing thoughtful) If only Jack had done as he was told we would never missed that ship. Stupid face painting, do that at six not at his bloody age. (Kicks the ground in exasperation, throws his hands around his head grabbing his hair) When we worked as a team, couldn't Jack see the benefits of that.
- Word count: 604
When Piggy places his trust in Ralph, Ralph uses this to gain the respect and friendship of Jack. This suggests, along with him being voted as chief and the way he handles Piggy when he confronts him about his nickname, that he is the politician of the group. Ralph is quite immature in the way he expresses joy, standing on his head, which suggests that he is not the most adequate leader. He is also not as intelligent as Piggy and without Piggys help with the Conch he could have never become Chief.
- Word count: 761
Simon's death brings about the use of weather again used as a downpour erupts, as though the weather were responding to the boys' actions and because Simon is always very closely connected with nature, so the rain may represent tears - "the clouds opened...poured" Golding uses this thunderstorm as a means of terror and the result is that the fear drives the boys together. In the rain, Ralph asks Jack how he how supposes they will be protected from the rain seeing as he has not built any shelters.
- Word count: 844
At first the beast is just a vague idea, and Simon says that the littluns scream in their sleep "as if it wasn't a good island." Highlights the dark side of the island. The main characters see the beast differently. As leader, Ralph tries to comfort the boys, by describing the idea of the beast as 'nonsense', which is helping the littluns come to terms with the idea. Jack almost undermines Ralph by saying that even if there was a beast "we'd kill it".
- Word count: 526
Golding shows that Piggy is different to the others. He has asthma, speaks differently and is overweight, so Ralph and Jack don't like him. This shows that as a society we judge people based on their looks, and their differences to us, rather than accepting them for who they are. Ralph is instantly liked by the littluns because he has the conch which is a symbol of authority, and he is voted to be chief. Jack however, is described by Golding as someone who is a harsh dictator. Despite his ways, and the fact that he isn't elected as chief, Ralph's democratic side comes into light when he offers Jack the choir.
- Word count: 562
Piggy's appearance alone has made him an outsider, because the other boys look down on him. He has asmtha and doesn't do much physical work on the island. He is not welcomed on their first exploratory trip of the island. "We don't want you," Jack says to Piggy. It is his academic background and his isolation from the savage boys that had allowed him to remain mostly unchanged from his primitive experiences on the island. Golding uses him as the 'control' character that can contrast the other characters as they become more and more savage.
- Word count: 942
As we know in the book there civilisations vs. savagery, good vs. evil or in other words evil being a negative issue. Also Golding uses fear widely throughout the book. He does this by using the beast which symbolises fear, this gets more terrifying for the boys as it begins to believe it but also makes them even more savagery. This gets us thinking that the way Golding involves fear and savagery together that he has a negative state of mind to come up with this idea.
- Word count: 545
Simon also represents good in the story because he is always helping the other boys and has no evil or violent actions during the life of his character, one example of this is that he helps the littleuns to get fruit "Simon found for them the fruit they could not reach", this is a truly altruistic action and helps the reader paint a mental picture of how saintly Simon is, this notion is helped by the fact that Simon has fainting fits, this could be down to epilepsy but many saints have been known to have similar fits.
- Word count: 953
Why Do You Think William Golding Chose To Set Lord of the Flies on and Island, and How Does He Use The Island In The Novel4 star(s)
As soon as the plane lands on the island, a huge scar is formed on the island, which was used by Golding to show both the affects of nuclear war and how man impacted the Earth right from when it began. The parched ground the scar has left is unlikely to ever grow back, and Golding used this as a metaphor to show how the world would never recover and re-grow from nuclear war. Golding also used the scar on the island to show that humans will never let something beautiful remain, despite the islands natural beauty, there is ugliness now within, true in humans also.
- Word count: 821
In this essay I will be discussing the different types of symbols and their meanings in the book "The Lord of the Flies." I will be discussing how the signal fire, the conch Shell, and The lord4 star(s)
When it is used in this capacity, the conch shell becomes a powerful symbol of civilization and order in the novel. The shell effectively governs the boys' meetings, for the boy who holds the shell holds the right to speak. In this, the shell holds the political democratic power. As the boys' on the island civilization erodes and the boys grow into savagery, the conch shell loses its power and influence among them all. Ralph clenches the shell desperately when he talks about his role murdering Simon.
- Word count: 664
Up until his death, Simon is often ignored and left to himself in the novel, with only Ralph and Piggy really taking any notice, such as on page 64 only the Ralph and Simon are working on the shelters when Jack appears, and Simon suddenly enters the conversation: ' "They're hopeless. The older ones aren't much better. D'you see? All day I've been working with Simon. No one else. They're off bathing, or eating, or playing." Simon poked his head out carefully.
- Word count: 999
The conch is taken from him by Jack who makes a strong and passionate speech, in complete contrast to Ralph's serious talk. He shouts at the littluns to put up with the fear if they are scared, just like the rest of the boys, exclaiming that they are "cry babies and sissies". He asks the boys if he is a hunter and they reply in the affirmative, so he goes on to say that he has searched the whole island and therefore he knows that no beast or animal exists.
- Word count: 886
The main themes in the novel is civilization v savagery. Also I have identified many other relevant themes for example the need for political democracy, evil in mankind and that people are inherently evil. Golding strongly believed that people were inherently evil and he put this in to his novel very well through the character of Jack-allusion to Hitler and in this essay I will explore the many other themes within the novel. Civilization is the refinement of thought, manners, and taste in society. It has taken thousands of years for people to become civilized.
- Word count: 675