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GCSE: William Golding

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Golding's ideas and expression

  1. 1 The novel's title The Lord Of The Flies comes from the Arabic Ba‘al az-Zubab, so Beezlebub, meaning 'lord of demon flies' or 'the devil'.
  2. 2 The novel explores the thin veneer of civilisation and considers the idea that a scratch to the surface will resort everyone to savagery.
  3. 3 It also considers the loss of innocence, the break down of civilisation and the break down of friendships through violent bullying, death or the violence around them.
  4. 4 As the novel progresses the boys’ language deteriorates to mirror the events. For example

The themes of 'Lord Of The Flies'

  1. 1 War

    Plane crash,
    Nuclear bomb,
    The violent ‘games’ the boys play reflects what is happening in the adult world.
  2. 2 Violence

    The killing of pig,
    The boys revert to ‘wild’ savages,
    Ralph becomes a hunted animal,
    Simon is torn apart.
  3. 3 Setting

    The island originally seems like a paradise but there is foreshadowing in ‘the scar’ that the plane makes,
    Humans turn paradise into a hell,
    The boys literally set the place on fire; turning it into hell.
  4. 4 Religion

    The symbolism of paradise,
    Man’s basic evil,
    Adam and Eve, with the loss of innocence mirrored in the growing evil in the boys.

  • Marked by Teachers essays 21
  • Peer Reviewed essays 24
  1. How do Hill and Golding Create Sympathy for one Character in Each Text

    Additionally, the description of the boys being a ?closed circuit? almost implies that they are a group who rely on and need each other. The use of ?closed? only served to further distance the gap between Piggy and the others. Golding then goes on to describe Piggy as ?intimidated by the uniformed superiority? of Jack. Golding uses this sentence to show the readers Piggy?s stance on the subject of class status. Upon seeing Jack in uniform he views him as someone who is better than himself in all aspects, as evidenced by the use of ?superiority?.

    • Word count: 1569
  2. In both Hills I'm The King of The Castle and Golding's Lord of The Flies, children are shown to learn from their experiences

    Hill shows Hoopers inconsideration towards death in the opening pages of the novel when she described Hooper as having ?thought nothing of his grandfather? shortly after his death. This lack of care towards the death of a supposed loved ones shows not only his emotional disconnect with his family, but also his stance on life; at this point of time Hooper sees so significance in life or a living person and in this sense could be seen as nihilistic. Hill shows Hoopers descent into this disrespect through his relentless bullying of Kingshaw which shows his lack of respect for other people.

    • Word count: 1342
  3. Childhood is portrayed as being full of difficulty and fear. How do the writers of Lord of the Flies and I'm the King of the Castle present this?

    This is most likely due to him being ?fat? and due to his ?specs? and accent, showing how Piggy is excluded by the upper class boys purely due to superficial reasons. Through this, perhaps Golding is trying to illustrate that the older generations, specifically men, have had an effect on the children, due to the prejudice involved in warfare. This is because Golding was possibly known to be a pacifist, and spoke out against warfare, and especially the way in the British forced their power upon other nations, due to them being perceived as inferior, similar to the way in

    • Word count: 1842
  4. How do the writers present difficulties faced by those who are different in "Lord of the Flies" and "Im the King of the Castle"?

    In fact, the fact that Kingshaw is said to feel ?extreme isolation? further displays this idea that because of Kingshaw?s lower-class upbringing, he does not fit into the upper-class setting, because he is ?different?. Hooper?s statements of ?I didn?t want you to come here? and ?You do what I say? goes to show the rejection towards Kingshaw, and the prejudice he faces, because these things are said before Hooper even properly gets to know Kingshaw. Furthermore, this repetition of the pronoun ?you? could possibly suggest that Hooper is trying to distance Kingshaw, labelling him as ?different?, and trying to alienate him.

    • Word count: 1300
  5. How do Hill and Golding present a warning to society?

    This point is further backed up the colour ?red?, which holds connotations of anger, blood and hatred, all of which are savage descriptions. The chant of ?cut her throat, spill her blood? could be compared to an army march or chant, and the graphic nature of ?spilling blood? and a ?cut throat? could further convey these ideas of savagery. This influence of the upper classes and the British Empire can further be seen in the way in which Ralph ?machine gunned Piggy?, showing how the minds of young children have been affected by the negative influence and ?savagery? of the behaviour of the army or British Empire.

    • Word count: 1746

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Compare and Contrast the characters of Ralph and Jack in the first and last chapters in Lord of the Flies(TM)

    "In conclusion when comparing Jack and Ralph's characters in the first and last chapter in the novel, one can see that the main differences are that Jack is more conventional and conformist where Ralph is more easy going and a little rebellious who is always on the look out for adventure and danger. However, Ralph would like to be rescued by others where as Jack would like to make his own 'gang' and would thrive on his own leadership."

  • "'We've got to have rules and obey them. After all we're not savages.' Discuss Jack's statement in Chapter Two in the light of the events of Chapters One to Five of 'Lord of the Flies.'"

    "In conclusion, there has been a clear move from civilisation towards savagery. At the beginning of the novel, we see Jack as a civilised and young boy but in the duration of the events that have taken place; Jack is emerged as a hunter and is described like a savage from an African tribe. He shows a sense of order and authority over the choirboys, which was accepted by Ralph, but with this sense of confidence building within Jack, he has tried to not only overcome the choirboys, but also Ralph, Piggy and the rest of the boys. "Golding knew exactly what the boys are like." This was taken from a newspaper review in the 1950s and this tells us that Golding's views about how boys would survive on a island seems realistic as he used to watch how boys used to interact with each other in the playground. Lord of the Flies is more than an adventurous story: it gives us a lesson about what human nature is all about. It consists of messages and morals that we can learn from, such as how we behave in a primitive way, how we are cruel to each other and how we can easily be influenced and bullied."

  • Look Carefully At the Episode of Piggy’s Death In the Novel Lord of the Flies and Compare the Two Film Versions of It.

    "CONCLUSION I have discovered from this investigation that the original film and the novel are probably the best sources to go by as they follow each other almost perfectly. I have also discovered that the second film is a very rude adaptation of the original and should not be taken as a proper source."

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