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GCSE: William Golding

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Golding's ideas and expression

  1. 1 The novel's title The Lord Of The Flies comes from the Arabic Ba‘al az-Zubab, so Beezlebub, meaning 'lord of demon flies' or 'the devil'.
  2. 2 The novel explores the thin veneer of civilisation and considers the idea that a scratch to the surface will resort everyone to savagery.
  3. 3 It also considers the loss of innocence, the break down of civilisation and the break down of friendships through violent bullying, death or the violence around them.
  4. 4 As the novel progresses the boys’ language deteriorates to mirror the events. For example

The themes of 'Lord Of The Flies'

  1. 1 War

    Plane crash,
    Nuclear bomb,
    The violent ‘games’ the boys play reflects what is happening in the adult world.
  2. 2 Violence

    The killing of pig,
    The boys revert to ‘wild’ savages,
    Ralph becomes a hunted animal,
    Simon is torn apart.
  3. 3 Setting

    The island originally seems like a paradise but there is foreshadowing in ‘the scar’ that the plane makes,
    Humans turn paradise into a hell,
    The boys literally set the place on fire; turning it into hell.
  4. 4 Religion

    The symbolism of paradise,
    Man’s basic evil,
    Adam and Eve, with the loss of innocence mirrored in the growing evil in the boys.

  • Marked by Teachers essays 21
  • Peer Reviewed essays 24
  1. Marked by a teacher

    Read the passages in Chapter 3 where Jack and Simon are each in the Forest. How does the language convey their contrasting character and roles in the novel? Lord of the Flies is a thought-provoking novel about a

    5 star(s)

    Because of this, he is able to quickly make the transition to savagery. Jack is a natural, self-assured leader who is always ready to fight. He is a symbol of evil and brutality and his natural desire to kill is brought out by his hunting of pigs. Simon, on the other hand, is a curious figure who sees beyond the surface of things. We learn straight away, that there is something special about Simon. It was because of this uniqueness that he was chosen by Ralph to be among the three explorers of the island.

    • Word count: 2811
  2. Marked by a teacher

    Explore the various factors which contribute to the downfall of the boys society on the island in 'Lord of the Flies', and assess which you think is the most significant.

    3 star(s)

    He sees the situation clearly ironically despite his glasses, whereas the other others do not see this. Jack is rash, daring and has desire for leadership. He wants to be followed, almost worshipped by the other boys. This leads him to ignore the creation of civilised society and instead break away, kill, hunt and lead to the death of two children. This number may be higher, but the boy with the birthmark is forgotten, and never mentioned again. At this point in the book, with the hunters taking control, it is difficult to remember all the boys are under twelve years old.

    • Word count: 2392
  3. Marked by a teacher

    How has the relationship between Ralph and Jack changed?

    3 star(s)

    Another of Ralph's first decisions as chief was to explore their surroundings to find out if they were on an island. On this exploration the relationship doesn't change that much from when they first met because of the little time between the two activities. I think that Ralph has gained more respect for Jack and showed this by asking to accompany him on the exploration. Golding indicates that at this point in the story the three on the exploration, (Ralph, Jack and Simon)

    • Word count: 2206

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Compare and Contrast the characters of Ralph and Jack in the first and last chapters in Lord of the Flies(TM)

    "In conclusion when comparing Jack and Ralph's characters in the first and last chapter in the novel, one can see that the main differences are that Jack is more conventional and conformist where Ralph is more easy going and a little rebellious who is always on the look out for adventure and danger. However, Ralph would like to be rescued by others where as Jack would like to make his own 'gang' and would thrive on his own leadership."

  • "'We've got to have rules and obey them. After all we're not savages.' Discuss Jack's statement in Chapter Two in the light of the events of Chapters One to Five of 'Lord of the Flies.'"

    "In conclusion, there has been a clear move from civilisation towards savagery. At the beginning of the novel, we see Jack as a civilised and young boy but in the duration of the events that have taken place; Jack is emerged as a hunter and is described like a savage from an African tribe. He shows a sense of order and authority over the choirboys, which was accepted by Ralph, but with this sense of confidence building within Jack, he has tried to not only overcome the choirboys, but also Ralph, Piggy and the rest of the boys. "Golding knew exactly what the boys are like." This was taken from a newspaper review in the 1950s and this tells us that Golding's views about how boys would survive on a island seems realistic as he used to watch how boys used to interact with each other in the playground. Lord of the Flies is more than an adventurous story: it gives us a lesson about what human nature is all about. It consists of messages and morals that we can learn from, such as how we behave in a primitive way, how we are cruel to each other and how we can easily be influenced and bullied."

  • Look Carefully At the Episode of Piggy’s Death In the Novel Lord of the Flies and Compare the Two Film Versions of It.

    "CONCLUSION I have discovered from this investigation that the original film and the novel are probably the best sources to go by as they follow each other almost perfectly. I have also discovered that the second film is a very rude adaptation of the original and should not be taken as a proper source."

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