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GCSE: William Golding

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Golding's ideas and expression

  1. 1 The novel's title The Lord Of The Flies comes from the Arabic Ba‘al az-Zubab, so Beezlebub, meaning 'lord of demon flies' or 'the devil'.
  2. 2 The novel explores the thin veneer of civilisation and considers the idea that a scratch to the surface will resort everyone to savagery.
  3. 3 It also considers the loss of innocence, the break down of civilisation and the break down of friendships through violent bullying, death or the violence around them.
  4. 4 As the novel progresses the boys’ language deteriorates to mirror the events. For example

The themes of 'Lord Of The Flies'

  1. 1 War

    Plane crash,
    Nuclear bomb,
    The violent ‘games’ the boys play reflects what is happening in the adult world.
  2. 2 Violence

    The killing of pig,
    The boys revert to ‘wild’ savages,
    Ralph becomes a hunted animal,
    Simon is torn apart.
  3. 3 Setting

    The island originally seems like a paradise but there is foreshadowing in ‘the scar’ that the plane makes,
    Humans turn paradise into a hell,
    The boys literally set the place on fire; turning it into hell.
  4. 4 Religion

    The symbolism of paradise,
    Man’s basic evil,
    Adam and Eve, with the loss of innocence mirrored in the growing evil in the boys.

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  1. What do you think is the importance of the beast in Lord of the Flies? (27 marks)

    The boy also says that the beast was 'in the woods'. Again, this is significant as the hidden depths of the woods are where the progression to evil takes place (hunting) whilst the open beach remains a place of civilisation. Ralph's reluctance to even consider the beast's existence conveys his na�ve optimism. Golding shows this by the repetition of Ralph's dialogue: 'there isn't a beast'.

    • Word count: 664
  2. Lord of the Flies - What factors lead to the island community becoming increasingly dystopian by the end of Chapter 5 and how does William Golding present these?

    When Ralph first meets Piggy, he manages to play the conch without doing so. This may be interpretated as something that is "too good to be true". However, the sound of the conch brings the boys to one central point: the beach. "The boy with the fair hair" in the first line is Ralph, the first character we meet. He is lowering himself down the last few feet of a rock face, indicating that he has already explored a little. He begins to "pick his way towards the lagoon", showing that he is a careful boy and civilisation has moulded him like this.

    • Word count: 5385
  3. Symbolism in "The Lord of the Flies"

    Golding also indicates that the boys have become the slave of their own actions, and they must please their instinct and fulfil their desires. Furthermore, on a larger scale, Golding uses this to portray today's society where people commit evil actions such as murder, and they gift their own beasts making it stronger and satisfied until it overpowers them. The face paint allowed Jack to release his beast efficiently and not feel guilty of the actions that followed. "He looked in astonishment, no longer at himself but at an awesome stranger."

    • Word count: 778
  4. Lord of The Flies. Goldings Lord of the Flies is a novel that focuses on the instinctual impulses that lies within all humans. Throughout the novel, the characters struggle with the loss of their innocence in various ways.

    But, as some of the boys realize that there is no parental supervision, many neglect their duties and spend majority of their time frolicking in the ocean. This leads to conflict because the boys that were supposed to be keeping the signal fire burning strong instead chose to play in the water. This fight between the boys is the first indication of how savagery was always instinctually within the boys and was brought out by the situation they were in.

    • Word count: 552
  5. he introduction of Lord of The Flies clearly demonstrates the personality change of the boys upon first landing in a remote island. The boys initially maintain civilization and have a sense of order, therefore mimicking the leadership of adults. However,

    In this scene, Simon realizes that the beast that everyone was scared of is not a living creature that can be destroyed, but it is something we can control that is in the root of our hearts. It is seen in "Fancy thinking the Beast was something you could hunt and kill!.. You knew, didn't you, I'm part of you? Close, close, close! I'm the reason why it's no go? Why things are what they are?" (Golding 143). The discussion of personality change, addiction to hunting, and desire for authority among British boys, support Golding's idea that humans are naturally evil.

    • Word count: 1095
  6. In William Goldings novel Lord Of The Flies he wrote about the nature of peoples reaction in extreme situations, and he indicated that all men are born evil and turn good if put in the right situation.

    Ever since Jack saw his first Pig he only wants to hunt. Jack has become viscous and has started to care for himself and forget about rescue and only think of pig. Jack cannot even think of the future or even hope of rescue, only what he will allow into his barmy mind. Two different times in the novel Jack specifically ignores the fact of getting rescued to do things for himself. "I was talking about smoke! Don't you want to be rescued?

    • Word count: 932
  7. The Lord of the Flies -plot outline

    His character is portrayed as smart, wise, insightful and one with very good leadership skills. He is elected as chief by the boys because of these qualities. Then we come across Piggy, a fat boy who wears glasses and has asthma. In spite of these insecurities, Piggy is very wise, highly intelligent, insightful for his age. He is the reason behind Ralph's ideas and plans. He always thinks things through and likes to have order.

    • Word count: 427
  8. The Beast . In Lord of the Flies, the beast is introduced to create an element of fear in the idyllic island. It shows how fear will change the boys and catalyse their descent into savagery.

    During the boy's explanation, he says that he saw the beast 'in the dark'. Darkness comes to become a device by Golding that the boys use to conceal and excuse their savage and evil ways so it was suitable that the first 'sighting' of the beast was in the dark. The boy also says that the beast was 'in the woods'. Again, this is significant as the hidden depths of the woods are where the progression to evil takes place (hunting) whilst the open beach remains a place of civilisation. Ralph's reluctance to even consider the beast's existence conveys his na�ve optimism.

    • Word count: 687
  9. The transformation from civilization to savagery. In the novel, Lord of the Flies, the impulse to hunt, the fear of the invisible beast and the splitting of the group have broken down the social order that the boys establish on the island and replaced th

    As an illustration, Jack, who used to be the most disciplined and civilized British choir boy, has become a savage and increasingly obsessed with hunting. In the beginning of the novel, he can barely kill the pig, since he, at that point, still has a sense of morality that he learns from the refined society. However, once he gets a taste of power from killing, it gradually becomes a ritual game for him rather than an activity that he has to participate in order to survive.

    • Word count: 925
  10. How does this opening prepare the reader for what is to come in the novel, Lord of the Flies?

    There are also hints of the dangerous side of the island. A bird described as a 'vision of red and yellow' - nature's warning colours for danger - sounded a 'witch-like cry' The 'witch-like' description of the cry foreshadows the ritualistic, savage and tribal state most of the boys will descend to. The potential danger is also shown by the twigs and thorns having 'scratched' Piggy. Additionally, the fruit is obviously inedible and causes Piggy 'pain', a further demonstration of the island's 'bad' side. This foreshadows the island's many features that help contribute to the boys' future: the pigs descending the choir into savage hunters; the rock and cliff edge contributing to Piggy's death; its location isolating the boys from civilisation.

    • Word count: 555
  11. Why may a reader consider Lord of the Flies to be a frightening novel?

    This behaviour is reassuring at first; the children are mature and well-behaved. They have a civilised, democratic election, electing Ralph as their leader. However, this shows the vanity of the boys; Piggy clearly shows better leadership skills yet his working class accent, unattractive appearance and 'ass-mar' deem him an outsider. The boys' first sign of abandoning the very basic of morals occurs when Ralph, Jack and Simon go exploring.

    • Word count: 506
  12. What do you think is the importance of the .beast. in Lord of the Flies?

    This is the first hint of there being any fear or danger on the island. The innocent 'beastie' shows their innocence and child-like behaviour. Ralph repeatedly states that there 'isn't a beastie'; he is defiant. Perhaps Ralph is scared, too, and is trying to reassure himself. Simon is the first to suggest that the beast 'was real', but his ideas were ignored by Ralph and Jack. This foreshadows when Simon tries to explain what the beast is but is killed before he has the chance. Piggy then thinks rationally. He states that there isn't a beast 'with claws and all that', but there is people.

    • Word count: 617
  13. What is the importance of Simon in Lord of the flies

    This shows that Simon tries to hold things together. He is the person who keeps all the boys together and happy. This is also well depicted in chapter 4 when "Simon sitting between the twins and Piggy, wiped his mouth and shoved his piece of meat to Piggy" as Jack didn't offer any meat to Piggy. "Simon is always about" helping everyone. He helps Ralph to build the huts which is a very important in terms of civilisation. Here Simon contributes to the plot while standing out as a person who is willing to take physical labour.

    • Word count: 1367
  14. Lord of the Flies. Why is there an argument for saying that Gift for the Darkness is the most important chapter in the novel?

    believe in the beast, 'Are you sure? Really sure, I mean?' This is extremely difficult for Piggy to except because it is completely defying his world view. Now that these two characters, who represent civilisation and logic, believe in the beast even they are questioning their own morals and beliefs. For the first time in the novel, we are seeing big chips in Ralph's previously floorless leadership. When Piggy asks him what they are going to do Ralph responds, 'I don't know'.

    • Word count: 931
  15. Lord of the Flies: Close Analysis

    To highlight this, Golding no longer calls Jack by his name but instead calls him 'Chief'. We are shown that the main element he uses to rule his tribe is fear. He starts having boys punished for no reason. A boy named Wilfred is tied up and beaten for no apparent reason, ''He's going to beat Wilfred' 'What for?'

    • Word count: 456
  16. "Lord of Flies" my reconstructed ending.

    The sun had finally set, and ralph could not organise his thoughts. He lay awake in the thicket, his mind full to bursting point. 'Will Samneric save me? I miss Piggy. I hate Jack.But he was my friend.Roger too ,I hate him. God doesn't exist. No, God is real so I can't be in any danger can I? Daddy will save me. But what about The Beast?? He'll get me. I should pray for his mercy... So Ralph went to hunt, and in the late hours of darkness, found his prey. The pig was asleep ,and so he snuck up to it, twisting its neck ,before setting to work on hacking its head off.

    • Word count: 753
  17. 12 examples of rhetorical devices throughout lord of the flies

    Towards the end of his speech, he says 'Stop!Wait!Listen!' This is an example of tricolon ,and helps to portray his sense of urgency at the time. Chapter 3 On page 48, Jack is described as 'dog-like' when following a trail. This simile helps to give us the image of Jack, sweating and animal like. Chapter 4 On page 61, Golding writes 'when the sun sank, darkness dropped. This is an example of alliteration, which strengthens the image of Darkness and evil.

    • Word count: 437
  18. In the novel "Lord of the flies" both Ralph and Piggy demonstrate leadership qualities.

    However, Piggy does not demonstrate this leadership quality. He is reserved and very self-conscious. He ''glanced over ralphs shoulder before leaning''; this tells me that piggy is very self-conscious of peoples opinion about him. He confides in Ralph after trusting him with his name and seems like a follower. By taking the back seat in the first chapter Piggy shows us how intelligence isn't always directly visible. Piggy is more intelligent than Ralph as Piggy comes up with suggestions that are both productive and extremely important for survival and information about the Island.

    • Word count: 682
  19. Weve got to have rules and obey them. After all were not savages. Discuss Jacks statement in Chapter Two in the light of the events of Chapters One to Five of Lord of the Flies

    it is apparent that Jack is the leader immediately, he is described as 'The boy who controlled them".(16) Jacks insistence that the choir wear their uniform, regardless of the scorching sun and unbearable heat of the tropics, gives the impression that he is one for strictly abiding by the rules. Jack implements the election of a leader and instantaneously promotes himself " 'I ought to be chief' said Jack with simple arrogance." (19). On the contrary, a different boy is chosen as leader, "Jack's face disappeared under a blush of mortification."

    • Word count: 788
  20. William Goldings novel The Lord of The flies presents us with a group of English boys who are isolated on a desert island after their World War two plane crashed. They are left to try and retain a civilised society. In this novel Golding manages

    We are also notified, "Most powerfully there was the conch." As the conch symbolises a democracy this is proof that at the beginning of the novel the boys sustain a democratic leadership. This democratic society does not last very long as the children mainly Jack show no respect for the conch and the idea of rules. We can see this when Jack decides that they shouldn't use the conch anymore this is the point in which he sees it as inferior, We don't need the conch anymore; we know who should say things.

    • Word count: 1242
  21. Lord of the Flies. A major example of foreshadowing in the book occurs in chapter 5 at the meeting where the boys vote to determine whether or not they believe there is a beast on the island.

    The fire is an extended metaphor of how the growing tension on the island and its rapid expansion signals the beginning of the descent into savagery and violence. The fire can also be seen as a symbol of how the boys are overcome by their animal instinct and descend into savagery. In chapter 3: Huts on the Beach when Jack is talking about hunting Ralph says, "So long as you hunters remember the fire---" And in the following chapter the hunters allow the fire to go out and the boys miss the chance of being rescued.

    • Word count: 926
  22. Lord of the Flies. Examine Goldings methods of writing in the last three paragraphs of Chapter Nine.

    The way he uses adjectives such as "inaudible" create a sense of calmness and silence, which is a harsh contrast to the killing scene just before "the noise was unendurable". This is perhaps to represent the calm, quiet spirituality of Simon's nature, and show how he is a million miles away from the other boys, who made so much noise. It could also represent the fact that Simon is now alone, both physically and metaphorically as he is the only one who knows the truth.

    • Word count: 547
  23. Discuss how the relationship between Piggy and Ralph changes in the first four chapters.

    (Page 3) At this point we're viewing Ralph as a firmly dislikeable character. He seems judgemental and cruel, and it doesn't seem like Piggy is going to have much of time being acquainted with him. As the chapters progress we see that Ralphs maturity also begins to. Jack insults Piggy by calling him "fatty" but Ralph steps in and defends him. It might be that Ralph was stirring more trouble, but it may have been honourable intentions when he interrupted saying, "He's not fatty...his real names Piggy!" (Page 17) It may have been a ploy to save Piggy some humiliation by Jack's name calling, but it seemed that a small part of Ralph couldn't let go completely.

    • Word count: 1471
  24. What message does Golding attempt to convey through symbolism in Lord of The Flies?

    Although mocked and told "Fatty/You can't come" his glasses are the object on which the group's rescue lies. His glasses are used to start a fire and this 'luxury' is taken for granted, however as homesickness overrules the boys the need for rescue overcomes even the need for food and it is only later on that Jack recognises the importance of Piggy's Glasses. Jack steals the glasses and as the oldest boy on the island and leader of the rebel camp he realises the significance of intelligence and innovation to create hope and gain the trust of the boys.

    • Word count: 1215
  25. How have the values of the boys changed by Chapter 10?

    Due to the control he exerts we can understand that prior to landing on the island, Jack was a leader who ruled by fear. When they first meet the rest of the boys it takes the combined efforts of begging "But, Merridew. Please, Merridew ... can't we?" and a boy fainting for him to consider the two groups merging. Here we can see Jack's instant aversion to situations where he is not fully in charge. This means that often times he would prefer separatism, as we see when he distinguishes the Hunters, to co-habitation where making compromises and accept other people's points of view.

    • Word count: 734

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