• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Essay Examining the Techniques Used by R.L.Stevenson in ‘The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde’ to Heighten the Horror.

Extracts from this document...


Essay Examining the Techniques Used by R.L.Stevenson in 'The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde' to Heighten the Horror. During the novel 'The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde,' R.L.Stevenson uses many techniques and language devices such as metaphor, simile, irony and personification to gradually heighten the horror. Stevenson has some powerful passages such as, the trampling of the child, the murder of Sir Danvers Carew and the transformation of Jekyll at Dr Lanyons. Stevenson sets the story in London, 1886, which at this time was the richest part of the entire world. Many of the people who lived there had little contact with crime, which is ironic because Mr Hyde, a character within Dr Jekyll, disturbs the whole scene into that of a scary and tense area. The main settings where horrific things happen are usually described as '...almost deserted...' and '...lamp-lit...' which is a very good setting for heightening the horror in the novel. It shows mystery and emptiness which makes you wait for intense action, this causes the rhythm and speed of the story to change depending on the setting. A setting described as '...foggy...' and '...nocturnal...' fits greatly into a society like Dr Jekyll's in London a place of which is dominated by secrecy the whole way through, which add suspense to the story their makes it more tense for the reader. ...read more.


theory of apes and backward evolution, which would be terrifying for a Victorian reader because they did not believe in the theory. Mr Hyde shows how evil and spiteful he is by making the transforming of character involuntary, for Jekyll to see that his hand is '...thickly shaded with a swart. growth of hair...' which makes him describe his double personality and character as '...the animal within me licking the chops of memory.' Hyde was haggard in the way that he '...snarled aloud into a savage laugh...'which suggests how he is related to evil, like a monster. Many horror stories have monsters and other characters to portray them as horrific, but Stevenson takes it a step further and makes you picture a monster of your own choice with the little information and description given to you, this builds up the tension and horror layer by layer the more you read on. Another theme is shown when the Jekyll/Hyde double in the laboratory is described as having '...a mask upon his face.' This shows the dual nature of Jekyll/Hyde. The weather also plays a big part in the story, it effects it by making the atmosphere feel real and heightening the horror. Stevenson uses pathetic fallacy to change the setting and atmosphere into one of which suits the story, '...it was an early cloudless night...' ...read more.


Stevenson also uses dreams as the technique of authentication because he uses things like diaries etc to continue the story; an example is when Utterson has a dream, which is full of evil foreboding, which causes the reader to have a greater desire to unmask the mysterious hidden face of Mr Hyde. This is very intense because it is what happens in real life, you have nightmares of bad things and cannot get them off your mind. In conclusion I found out that Stevenson gives a sense of tension throughout the narrating of each character, by using pathetic fallacy, detailed settings, literary devices and strong themes and morals. I think each character has a sense of mystery and horror about them of which we will never get to know. I also think that what you see is not always what you get, because nobody would have known that such an evil character could have came from someone as kind and well mannered as Dr Henry Jekyll. Evil Hyde was a natural part of Jekyll's personality along with the good side, but because Jekyll was so arrogant he destroyed himself by trying to separate the two. The main theme is that all humans have at least two facets of their personality, good and evil, and that these exist in different measures. It is quite horrific for us to realise that the potential for evil, like Hyde, is inside each and every one of us!! ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Robert Louis Stevenson section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Robert Louis Stevenson essays

  1. Jekyll and Hyde Essay; How does R. L. Stevenson convey the dual nature of ...

    In fact, parts of London were so dangerous no policeman would enter them, and thieves would murder people for their handkerchiefs. Stevenson was concerned to highlight the dual nature of man's personality because he was living in a Victorian society which was deeply hypocritical.

  2. How does Stevenson create mystery and suspense in the opening 8 chapters of ;The ...

    over the readers mind and leading them to wonder why he is looking sick. Tthe fog lasts all the way to the last chapter, and there is more influence from the Gothic literature in perhaps the most description of the story: "It was a wild, unseasonable, cold night of March,

  1. How Stevenson uses his techniques as a writer to present character and atmosphere in ...

    of its intense description of the fundamental dichotomy of the 19th century and the outward respectability and inward lust. The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde has been referred to as "one of the best guidebooks of the Victorian times."

  2. How does Stevenson create an atmosphere of mystery and suspense yet at the same ...

    When Utterson mentions that Jekyll also seems ill, Lanyon violently demands that they talk of anything but Jekyll. He promises that after his death, Utterson may learn the truth about everything, but that for now he will not discuss it.

  1. The Strange case of dr. jekyll and mr. hyde - letter

    His looks were 'extraordinary' and 'particularly wicked'. He was also 'pale and dwarfish' with a 'murderous mixture of timidity and boldness'. Not only did he show his face, he also gave me his Soho address. This greatly aroused my suspicions.

  2. What impressions of Mr Hyde are created in the first two chapters of ‘Doctor ...

    Hyde also seems to bring out the worst side in people, for example with the doctor who is know as an unemotional person '...as emotional as a bagpipe', but since the accident he became full of hate towards Hyde and the matter in hand, the doctor had to restrain himself from Hyde, '...went white with the desire to kill him'.

  1. How does Stevenson explore the theme of duality in Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde?

    He also developed this drug in an attempt to free himself from his social imprisoment were he could not live out his socially inappropriate fantasies that he could not otherwise do: '....had learned to dwell with pleasure, as a

  2. Discuss the idea of duality in "The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. ...

    This was the residence of Edward Hyde and is a burrow for the rich, a place of secrecy and concealment. It is not only the characters that have this sense of duality. When Mr. Utterson visits Jekyll's house described by Stevenson as having "a great air of wealth and comfort",

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work