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ESSAY OUTLINES: The future of Asia & Japan

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Smoking: Smoking causes: Arterial embolism - a blood clot in the blood vessel that blocks blood circulation. Bronchitis - a serious infection of the lungs and causes a persistent cough. Tiny hairs called cilia line the air passages. They keep the air passages clear by pushing dust and germs to the throat to be cleared. Smoking damages the cilia, allowing the dust and germs to enter the lungs easily. The lungs produce a lot of mucus or phlegm that causes continuous coughing. This type of a cough is a smoker's cough. The air passages become inflamed and the person suffers from bronchitis. He becomes breathless and may not be able to walk properly or sleep properly unless he is supported upright. Chronic bronchitis can kill a person. A smoker's lung contains dark deposits of tar. Cancer-especially lung cancer. Smokers are most likely to suffer from lung cancer than non-smokers. ...read more.


If the blood supply to the heart is blocked then he may suffer a heart attack. A heart attack leading to sudden death is two to three times more likely to strike smokers than non-smokers. High blood pressure- which may cause blackouts, minor strokes, swollen ankles or shortness of breath. Strokes- caused by blockages in the blood vessels in the brain that carry blood from the heart to the brain. Strokes can occur in young people in their 20s and 30s who smoke and not just the elderly. Mental and physical damage to babies when their pregnant mother's smoke. Low sperm count for men and low fertility level for women. Other effects are: a) Discomfort in the nose and eye. b) Throat infections develop c) Stomach ulcers are more frequent d) Sense of taste and smell deteriorates e) Nicotine stains the fingers and stains the teeth yellow. ...read more.


Tar (brown, sticky substance) a) kills cells in air passages and lungs. b) Increases production of mucus and phlegm in lungs. c) causes lung cancer 3. Carbon monoxide (poisonous gas) a) Prevents red blood cells from combining with and transporting oxygen around the body. 4. Carcinogens (cancer causing substances) a) Promote the growth of cancerous cells in the body. 5. Irritants a) Irritates the air passages and air-sacs in the lungs. e.g.: ammonia, butane and hydrogen cyanide b) Kills the cells at the surface of air passages. c) Causes smoker's cough and lung cancer. Stop Smoking: 1) Ban smoking in public places and enclosed places such as lifts and air-conditioned rooms. 2) Educate the general public on the harmful effects of smoking and the advantages of not smoking. 3) Restrict or ban sale of cigarettes. 4) Print warnings on every packet of cigarette with big and bold letters. 5) Increase public awareness through media. 6) Offer incentives to those who make a conscientious effort to quit smoking. 7) the government should have free quit smoking therapy session for those wanting to quit smoking. ...read more.

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