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'Evaluate how the Box Hill area is influenced by human activity'.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The title for this piece of coursework is 'Evaluate how the Box Hill area is influenced by human activity'. The 'influence by human activity' reflects the way that humans utilise the Box Hill area and the effect that leisure and tourism have on the surrounding environment. Location Map: Box Hill is located in Dorking, Surrey, England. OS map showing route and reference points Scarp slope path: Dip slope path: _________________________________________________________________ 1. 225 MY : Weathering and erosion of very old folded rocks on an area of land. _________________________________________________________________ 2. 175 MY : Continued weathering and erosion on land in the north; deposition of weathered rock in the sea covering the area to the south. ________________________________________________________________ 3. 120 MY : Continued erosion of the land as it is slowly uplifted and deposition in the sea as the basin gradually deepens. The size of the weathered rock fragments has varied- clay or sand at different times. _________________________________________________________________ 4. 50 MY: Deposition over the whole of this area, which has become submerged under water- including the deposition of chalk. _________________________________________________________________ 5. 25 MY: Alpine earth movements (Orogeny). The movement of the earth 's crust, which formed the Alps, also folded these rocks (but much more gently) and exposed them as land. _________________________________________________________________ <Chilterns> <London Basin> <North Downs> <South Downs> Vale of Holmsdale. Leith Hill. Low Weald. High Weald. 6. Present : Continuing weathering and erosion of the rocks since the folding and uplift. The clay (which forms valleys and low ground) has been eroded more than the sandstone and chalk, which form hills. The importance of Chalk to the Box Hill area: Over many hundreds of years, there has been a constant build up of rocks in the south-east of England, including, > Clay, > Sandstone, > Weald Clay, > L.R. Greensand, > Gault clay, > Chalk, and > London Clay. However, due to synclines, anticlines and present weathering, these layers of deposited rocks have been eroded and exposed, forming hills. ...read more.

Middle

for presenting the footpath depth data as it allows you to see the data for each of the distances from the centre of the footpath for every location. This makes it easy for people to see all of the results clearly. I have chosen this method of presentation as it enables me to see all of the results for the numbers of vegetation types easily for each position. I have chosen this as my method of presenting the different vegetation heights at different distances from the centre as it is able to give us an accurate view of the different heights for all 5 positions. The management of Box Hill..... Since Victorian times, Box Hill has been a favourite leisure area for the people of London and the surrounding areas due to its views and local wildlife. Since the arrival of the railway track in 1849, arriving to the area from London, the hill has seen hordes of cyclists, picnickers, hikers and motor sports enthusiasts using its site as a trialling ground. The national trust was given the land in 1913 and has managed it since that time. They help to preserve the land and therefore help the wildlife that benefits from the chalk that is found here. The following designations help to protect Box Hill against development or change of use: > Designated a Country Park in 1971 > Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) within the Mole Gap to Reigate escarpment > Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB Surrey Hills) > Special Area of Conservation (SAC) a European designation given to the Whites Cliff > National Trust ownership since 1913 *The national trust provides many different special visitor facilities at the bottom of the Hill in and around Ryka's Caf�. For example, there is a designated area for coaches, cars and motorcycles to be parked, although there is a fee for leaving vehicles. ...read more.

Conclusion

When this is linked to footpath erosion, it shows that countless people go to the top of Box Hill, which could be the reason to why there is so much footpath erosion here. Our results for accessibility show that Box Hill is an area that is fairly easy to get to, due to the amount of train stations and 'A', 'B' and 'C' roads within the 16km area. This could be another factor in Box Hill's popularity. I also found out about how Box Hill is managed and what facilities there are for tourists. As there are many facilities, including a car park, restaurant, view point, shop, a toilet and picnic tables, this shows that there are many things for tourists to do at Box Hill Country Park. This could be another reason for the success and popularity of the area. Overall, what I have found is that Humans greatly influence the Box Hill area. This is through noise, trampling, pollution (litter etc.) and traffic. Since Box Hill is a Honey pot site, it is an easily accessible and well managed area with plenty of facilities for tourists. Because of this, Box Hill has to deal with many problems that humans cause through good management. An overall limitation to our study was that after months following our visit to Box Hill, some of the things that we did escaped out of memory when writing up our coursework. This could have been improved by more than 1 visit to Box Hill, as this would have familiarised us with the park once more. Acknowledgements: > I would like to thank my parents, for providing me with all the equipment that I need for this particular piece of coursework. > My sister for helping me and giving me advice whenever I needed help. > Mr Cuthbert, for providing me with all the knowledge that I have for me to able to do this piece of coursework. > My friends for giving me support while I was doing this coursework. ...read more.

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