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"Every line I have written since 1936 has been written, directly or indirectly, against totalitarianism," says George Orwell in the preface to the Classic edition of Animal Farm.

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Introduction

A man named Lord Acton said the above quote. "Every line I have written since 1936 has been written, directly or indirectly, against totalitarianism," says George Orwell in the preface to the Classic edition of Animal Farm. Power in the words of the dictionary means the 'ability to do or act'. Power is a source by which man expresses his pride and ability to do things. He can either abuse it or use it for useful reasons. But in majority of the cases, power is abused, as it is the human nature to do so. As humans get more power so does their ability to do things according to their will. This story is mostly based on Russia and the political condition during that time. Animal Farm is a satire on Stalinism and the Russian revolution. The concept of Animalism is based on the dream of Old Major, a prized-boar of Mr. Jones. Old Major, is able to gather all the animals on the farm except the sleeping Moses, the raven, for a speech about a dream he had the previous night. In his talk, Old Major tries to explain the animals place in nature and how they can get out of it, very much like Karl Marx's writing on the social consciousness of the proletariat in 'A Contribution to the Political Economy' and the evil practices of government-controlled capitalism in 'The Communist Manifesto'. ...read more.

Middle

This kind of power may be described as a power in the hands of Hitler and Mussolini, a power in the form of dictatorship in which the dictator can do anything. But in Animal Farm, dictatorship did not rise to the level at which it prevailed in Germany or Italy, it was rather like a democratic-dictatorship in which propaganda played a vital part. With the start of this dictatorial rule anything said by Napoleon was done whether the animals liked it or not. The first move that Napoleon did when he came to power was to begin the construction of a windmill. He believed that it would ease the workload on all the animals. The abuse of power started from here. As the construction of the windmill went on, the animals became hungrier and hungrier and hence Napoleon introduced rations. These rations were low for the animals that worked on the farm and were high for the pigs who did nothing but eat and hence became fat. When the animals asked why they were given such low food? Squealer would threaten the animals and tell them that the pigs would not be able to do their job correctly and that Jones would come back. The animals did not want Jones to come back as they knew that life was terrible under his hands. After some time, the pigs violated one of the commandments and started sleeping on beds. ...read more.

Conclusion

Animal farm is a story written in opposition to the Russian Revolution and is based on the history during the period from 1917-1943. During this time Stalin rose to power. Animal Farm is an Allegory of the Russian Revolution. Orwell's reputation rests not only on his political shrewdness and his sharp satires but also on his marvellously clear style and on his superb essays, which rank among the best ever written. Animal Farm was written at a very inopportune time everywhere even in the United States, respect for the communist government was growing, after their valiant defeat of Nazi Germany and the Axis countries. Later however, Orwell's Animal Farm was caught up in a 'cold war' of anti- communist sentiment and soon even encouraged this outrage, although this was not Orwell's intent. Orwell was neither a party-hardliner nor a capitalist at heart. Infact, he despised all systems of government that he considered hypocritical. Surprisingly, Orwell was a socialist. The reason he hated communism so much is because it was not pure socialism -he distrusted the leaders who lived in mansions while the common folk slaved and worked in the fields. Communism, he thought, was just another way for the elite to control the majority of peasants. Hence his writings revolutionized the world. These kinds of writings are quite rare as they arouse public attention. Most of the writings of the 20th century were based on World Wars. But this story was more than that. It was a piece of literature, which was an Allegory. Jameel Qureshi 10R Essay- Animal Farm - 1 - 01/05/2007 ...read more.

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