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Examine and evaluate Stevenson's exploration of duality of they human psyche in The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.

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Introduction

Lisa-Marie Ketteringham 11N Examine and evaluate Stevenson's exploration of duality of they human psyche in The Strange Case of Dc Jekyll and Mr Hyde Stevenson was born in Edinburgh in 1859. The son of a prosperous civil engineer, he was expected to follow the family profession, but due to his ill health was allowed to study law at Edinburgh University. Stevenson became distant from his parents when his growing disillusion with the Presbyterian respectability of his parents class. Whilst in his early twenties he suffered serious respiratory problems. The effects of the Scottish climate forced his to travel to warmer places. After a lot of travelling he finally settled in Samea with his family and died six years later. It was Stevenson's harsh Calvinistic upbringing and constant fight against ill health, which led to the preoccupation with death and the darker side too human nature; you can see this in his work. He believed that there were two sides to humans, good and evil. In the 1950's the Victorian society didn't like these thoughts Charles Darwin came up with a scientific theory of evolution. This had a huge impact on everybody in Victorian society and they chose not to believe his theory. Charles Darwin lost many friends and society turned against him. ...read more.

Middle

This is the first signs that Hyde is not nice or a good person. This incident is horrific to Mr Enfield because it is not the way Victorian men are meant to be like. Mr Enfield also described Hyde as saten, which relates to the devil, evil, hell. I think Mr Utterson is surprised at what he is being told by Mr Enfield because he knows that Dc Jekyll lives in the house where the door is, but the description of Mr Enfield given is of coarse Hyde doesn't match up with the description of Dc Jekyll, but Mr Enfield said he had a key, and the cheque Hyde brought out was "...the matter of ten pounds in gold and a cheque for the balance on Coutts's drawn by payable to bearer" the name of the cheque is very well known but Mr Enfield does not tell us who it is. From this Mr Utterson does become obsessed with Hyde. The Carew's murder was described very much like the murder of the little girl, where the body was trampled and the bones were shattered. Again Mr Hyde was described as "small and wicked looking." There is clear a connection between the two cases and the murderer. Stevenson has written his novel from many points of view. ...read more.

Conclusion

It was two storeys high; showed no windows, nothing but a door on the lower storey and a blind forehead of discoloured wall on the upper; and bore in every feature the marks of prolonged and sordid negligence. The door was equipped with neither bell nor knocker," This building obviously relates to Hyde because it sounds horrid and a dark evil place. Where as where Jekyll lives is described as pleasing to the eye. I think Stevenson wrote this novel very successfully keeping the suspense till the end, changing the narrative structure throughout the novel and using pathetic fallacy and descriptions of setting. Stevenson has successfully presented Victorian society as a society which wished to present Victorian society as a society which wished to present a respectable and honourable face to the world, whilst hiding deep, dark sordid secrets just below the service. This is a novel in which everyone has something to hide, everyone lives a double life and is at pains to ensure that the veneer of outward respectability is maintained at all costs. It is apparent that having a Hyde is having the best of both worlds because you can then be the respectable person you need to be to fit into society but also be able to do the things you should not do with out it affecting your status. ...read more.

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