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Examine closely the means by which Napoleon establishes a personal tyranny over Animal Farm.

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Introduction

Examine closely the means by which Napoleon establishes a personal tyranny over Animal Farm From the very beginning of the novel, Napoleon emerges as an utterly corrupt opportunist, though always present at the early meetings of the new state, Napoleon never makes a single contribution to the revolution-not to the formulation of its ideology, not to the bloody struggle that it necessitates, nor to the new society's attempt to establish itself. He never shows interest in the strength of Animal Farm itself, only in the strength of his power over it. Thus, the only project he undertakes with enthusiasm is the training of a litter of puppies. He does not educate them for their own good or for the good of all, but rather for his own good: they become his own private army or secret police, a violent means by which he imposes his will upon others. The only thing obstructing Napoleon's personal rise to power and domination of all the animals in the farm at the start, is Snowball. Snowball and Napoleon disagrees on everything, from the windmill incident to the best course of defence of Animal Farm, with Snowball advocating the spread of the revolutionary spirit to neighbouring farms, while Napoleon feels that the animals should procure weapons and develop a military force (this is apt as Napoleon already has an attack force of killer attack dogs). Snowball represents the more intellectual, visionary, and idealistic fervent ideologue who throws his heart and soul into the attempt to spread Animal Farm's infrastructure while Napoleon represents the more economically minded and authoritarian of the two. ...read more.

Middle

Snowball is branded a traitor, which is another form of propaganda, Napoleon orders the rebuilding of the windmill to begin at once, the animals are now the slave of Napoleon whereas before they were the slaves of Jones. The animals are "cold, and usually hungry as well." Their rations keep on being reduced and Napoleon sees that all the necessary window dressing is done when Whymper comes on his weekly visits to the farm, so that the truth of the hardship is hidden from the outside world. Napoleon however remains in the farmhouse in isolated splendour, or if he does emerge, "it was in a ceremonial manner, with an escort of six dogs who closely surround him and growled if anyone came too near." Any rebellion, e.g. that of the hens who do not want to surrender their eggs, is dealt with ruthlessly. The character assassination of Snowball intensifies, as past events are re-written and anything that goes wrong is blamed on him, by convincing the animals to go along with this toughest ideological shift; Squealer and Napoleon pave the way for future changes. In addition, any criticism from the animals is treated as treachery. All the marks of a totalitarian government. To keep the animals in order Napoleon uses fear to achieve that aim, through his purges and show trials with which Napoleon eliminates all the opponents and likely enemies (e.g. 4 pigs, hens' uprising ringleaders) and solidify his political base are done in show trials. ...read more.

Conclusion

This outrageous abuse of the word "equal" and of the ideal of equality in general typifies the pig's method, which became more audacious as time went on. Propaganda was used, by Napoleon to subdue the animals and entrenching the pigs in a position of power, they used various techniques such as the threat of an inner danger (Snowball and agents) an outside threat (Jones and Farmers), the glorification of Napoleon, the hatred of an enemy (Snowball). In the final show down, the use of terror, where opponents and likely enemies are eliminated and the rest of the animals subdued and under the threat of death. However not all is due to the skills of Squealer, for example when presented with a dilemma Boxer prefers not to puzzle out the implications of various possible actions but instead to repeat to himself that "Napoleon is always right." Moreover, it demonstrates the inability or the unwillingness to question authority condemns the working class to suffer the full extent of the ruling class's oppression. The animals are honestly not as smart as the pigs, so it is with earnest and gullible faith that they may have withstood the destruction of their revolutionary ideals and the advent of the totalitarian regime. No longer is Animalism just a generic belief that all animals are equal, but now it is a money hungry powerhouse of oppression run by Napoleon. The moment where they vividly recognize the pigs for the human-minded, and therefore hopelessly corrupted rulers that they are, is a moment of disillusionment, and ultimately horror. GCSE ENGLISH COURSEWORK PHILIP XIU - 1 - ...read more.

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