• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine Miller’s Purposes In His Presentation of Evil In ‘The Crucible’

Extracts from this document...


Examine Miller's Purposes In His Presentation of Evil In 'The Crucible' Targets 1. To give sophisticated interpretations supported by concise textual analysis. 2. To show originality of analysis when evaluating the dramatic effects of character and action. 3. To show originality of analysis when evaluating dramatic devices and structures. 4. To show originality of analysis when evaluating the significance of the social, historical and cultural setting of the play. Evil has evolved with society since history began. In the times of the Salem Witch Trials evil was fire and brimstone, the Devil and witches. Modern evils are perceived as paedophiles and the Osama Bin Ladens of the world. Less people in the 21st century have strong religious beliefs whereas religion was the backbone of 17th century society. Less people can be judged as good or evil on the grounds of religion and superstition nowadays. Theocracy ruled the courthouses. Instead, we judge people on their moral, social and psychological standing. In the 21st century people are judged by juries and the public. Seventeenth century society was ruled by an autocracy; only one person or a very small group of people had power in the community. Often the great amount of power placed in these people's hands would go to their heads and the community, whether it be a small town like Salem or a whole country, would be left in ruins. ...read more.


The good characters always prevailed in fairy stories. Lucrative plots and colourful advertising for the big Hollywood blockbusters add to the fun and excitement of watching. Many recent films have centered themselves around the supernatural indicating a link that the genre will never grow old. 'Harry Potter' and 'The Lord of the Rings' film are the two most recent examples of this. Stories based on rounded, more-realistic characters are often negated because of the idea of them not being as exciting as the latest action film or romantic play. This view applies for the majority of contemporary audiences. If we look deeper into the play it is obvious that Miller has other purposes rather than just the creation of an exciting play. The narrator's comments at the beginning of Act 1 are critical of 17th century beliefs of where evil originates in society and the way that the villagers live. The comments give the audience an insight into the hidden agendas such as Abigail's plot to steal John that help make 'The Crucible' an exciting play. The beautiful scenery in the film contrasts the evil and helps to highlight Miller's criticisms of life in Salem. The audience's perceptions of evil in 'The Crucible' changes. ...read more.


The Director of the 1997 film version starring Winona Ryder develops the portrayal of evil by challenging contemporary evils such as black slavery and child abuse. His purpose is to raise awareness of evil in modern society and to perhaps prevent them happening in future. The link to child abuse in particular delivers a strong message when recent events such as the kidnapping of Sarah Payne. The film is more graphic in its depiction of child abuse because extra scenes displaying the abuse taking place are added. Arthur Miller's purpose for this is to bring out more emotion in the audience because 17th century evils do not have quite the same impact that they used to. In conclusion, I do not agree with Tynan's criticisms. Despite his comments I believe that beneath the good an evil personas Arthur Miller has used to make an exciting play are complex personalities of people living in an oppressed society. On a basic level Miller creates an exciting, dramatic play. He provokes thoughts in the audiences with his meaningful criticisms of 17th century society and once explained, his allegorical purposes are clear and an audience's viewpoint on society and its evils can be changed. I am sure that 'The Crucible' will entertain people for many years to come. ?? ?? ?? ?? Adam Burns 28/04/2007 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Arthur Miller section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Arthur Miller essays

  1. How Does Miller convey his Message through 'The Crucible'?

    Hang them high over the town! Who weeps for these weeps for corruption. Here John finally realises that the he could not live with him self if he gave in to the pressure he was under to lie, and so must chose to do what he knows is right.

  2. ‘Societies often tend to suppress individual freedom in order to maintain social order.’Discuss how ...

    Witchcraft is not a bad practice but the people back then saw it as Satanism although it was not. It was conceived from the fact that illustrations of the Wicca god were found, who had horns, and bared a strong resemblance to the Christian view of Satan.

  1. "Societies often tend to suppress individual freedom in order to maintain social order" 'Examine ...

    The girls were not blamed. The blame was put on Tituba, the "black" slave who was said to have "charmed" the girls. Abigail swears, "she [Tituba] made me do it". It is obvious that in the Puritan society that whatever did not match to what the masses had decided as proper, then the deviated, but innocent, were to blame.

  2. The Crucible - Power and Manipulation

    In Salem everyone and everything belonged to either God or the Devil; disagreement was not only unlawful but was associated with satanic activity. This overview functioned as the under-lying logic behind the witch-trials. Arthur Miller said that he wrote about 'An imploded community that distrust and paranoia had killed'.

  1. How does Miller capture and maintain the audience's interest in The Crucible?

    comin' for you more" However he also shows proctor to be strong & determined; when he challenges the court and stands by his beliefs and does an honourable thing. Proctor is also shown willing to be practical. This is when he confesses to be a lecher & when he decides

  2. How successful is The Crucible as an allegory?

    Danforth: Has he ever threatened you? Mary Warren: No, sir. This shows that the court will believe what their heart believes and will not listen to what the person on trial has to say. Even though Mary was denying Proctor threatening her, Danforth seemed convinced that he had and kept asking her the same question over

  1. The Crucible - Acts 1, 2, 3, and 4.

    If I were to play this role I would do the same as I thought it was very effective. Act 3 (page 88-91) Rachel, Sarah T, Elizabeth & Bethany This scene is set in court, and it starts very dramatically with Proctor grabbing Abigail and pulling her upwards, screaming at her and calling her a "Whore."

  2. An Abuse of Power

    Parris and Putnam are examples of well-respected adults in positions of higher political power as the Minister and a wealthy man, respectively, who irresponsibly abuse the power of that status. On one end of the scale, you have Parris, using his niece's "experience" to blame others in the hopes of saving his reputation and gain standing as a better minister.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work