• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine the portrayal of Hopelessness and Isolation in 'The Wasp Factory' and 'Saved'.

Extracts from this document...


Examine the portrayal of Hopelessness and Isolation in 'The Wasp Factory' and 'Saved'. 'Saved' was written by Edward Bond in the late 1960's. 'The Wasp Factory' was written by Iain Banks in 1984. Although the two texts were written over twenty years apart, isolation is still an integral part of both texts. Through phonetic representation we can see that 'Saved' is set in South London, and 'The Wasp Factory' is set in a remote part of Scotland; the two are culturally polar through location. Although the two texts have their differences, all of the main characters are isolated from society and its normalities. This isolation has a profound effect on the characters. It can be seen that in both 'Saved' and 'The Wasp Factory' that the protagonists do not exist in society's eyes. In 'The Wasp Factory' Frank, the main character, hides from Diggs, who is the representation of society in the book, "... in case of Diggs did any asking around and discovered I didn't exist officially." (page 72) Frank's non-existance makes his life hopeless, because he can never have aspirations outside of the island. In 'Saved', all of the characters are non-existant in society's eyes; they are isolated by society. ...read more.


He is known to a few people; these few people that are aware he exists, he is either related to, or are disabled, or they are people that have been lied to, and believe Frank's cover story. In both texts, the victims are utterly innocent. We can interpret this as the authors using the victims to represent hope in the texts. Therefore, when the protagonists kill the children, they are killing symbols of hope; this shows how hopeless their situations are. When Frank kills his little brother, Paul, we see Frank killing a symbol of innocence. Banks has described Paul so he is the epitome of innocence. Banks describes Paul as having, "... a podgy hand." This physical description shows how young, and undefined, the child is. When Paul says, "B is for bell," we see a total emphasis on Paul's innocence. The way Banks builds up an image of innocence, and pity, for Paul, makes the murder that Frank commits all the more tragic. "...I found an opportunity to get rid of Paul." (page 67) Arguably, both texts have a deeper, political, meaning. In 'Saved' we can argue that Bond is writing to protests against the Vietnam conflict, and the injustices that were taking place. ...read more.


(page 184) This poignant quote from Frank relates to his past belief in predestination, when he believed that his Wasp Factory showed him things that would happen. The quote shows that Frank now knows that his journey in life is about to begin. It can be also be argued, that Len is the symbol of hope in 'Saved'. Towards the end of the play, Len has integrated with the rest of the family, and is living with them. The coexistence is not one that is filled with happiness, but this is a major step for Len's character, as he has found acceptance. The themes of isolation and hopelessness have been highlighted in this essay, and the link between isolation as a cause of hopelessness has been developed. There is so much hopelessness amongst the characters in both of the texts, but, hope can be seen symbolically in both of the texts, in the form of Len and Frank. We can interpret these symbols of hope in a book teeming with hopelessness, as the authors trying to convey a message to the audience. Arguably, this message from the authors could be the fact that they are trying to say that things are changeable; as long as people try to change their situation and as long as society takes responsibility for the vulnerable. 2090 Words Approx. Stuart Preece ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Educating Rita section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Educating Rita essays

  1. Examine the portrayal of cultural poverty in "Saved" and "The Wasp Factory", how is ...

    His opinion of how Eric was the first murderer of the family is very sinister and thought provoking, "Old Eric beat me to it, killing his mum before he had even drawn breath" (Pg 23). Frank doesn't even exist in society which is one of the reasons why he has no education because he could never go to school.

  2. The impact of ICT on an adult in employment.

    The video recorders have given him the freedom to set up his video to record matches automatically so he can report on them after they have already taken place rather than having to be tied to the TV every weekend.

  1. 'Sara has got cobwebs between her knees,' said Frank Patel, one night.

    Four more phone calls on Sunday, ('Are you busy all day?'). And Monday morning at 8.30 guess who was waiting at the corner shops for me. Normally Selin meets me there but this morning, 'Selin had to go on. ' he said displaying his special gormless grin, 'so I'll accompany you if you don't mind.'

  2. Examine the portrayal of cultural poverty in 'Saved' and 'The Wasp Factory'; how is ...

    Frank says on page 42, "That's my score to date" and "It was just a stage I was going through" when talking about his murders which gives the impression he has no remorse. 'Saved', as a play on the other hand, actually shows the audience the murder of the baby.

  1. How are Frank's attitudes and values established within Chapter One of 'The Wasp Factory'?

    The extract informs the writer of Frank's enormous sense of ego and his strange attitude to the objects around him. Throughout the chapter the manner is childlike. During the opening we are given a list of actions instead of going into his mind.

  2. To begin with I will talk about the male sitcom characters that I have ...

    This is another way that Joey generates humour, his power with the ladies. Joey never has serious girlfriends in the show and most of his relationships haven't worked out or have been a string of one-night stands. This gives the writers the flexibility to bring in different minor characters throughout


    On the evening of July 6, they moved into their hiding place." So there we were, father mother and I walking in the pouring rain, each of us with a schoolbag and a shopping bag filled to the brim with the most varied assortment of items.

  2. Write a considered treatment of Frank's behaviour in Iain Banks' "The Wasp Factory" and ...

    His socialising is restricted in a sense by the lack of a school-based education and by his isolated location. It may be as a result of this that he has found it necessary to indulge in his imagination as a form of entertainment and that it provides a replacement for friends, colleagues and other acquaintances.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work