• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain how Arthur Miller conveys the change in the Relationship between John and Elizabeth proctor in the play 'The Crucible'.

Extracts from this document...


Explain how Arthur Miller conveys the change in the Relationship between John and Elizabeth proctor in the play 'The Crucible' The house of Un-American activities Committee was an organisation that had the power to investigate any movement or person who apparently threatened the safety of the state. After appearing before the committee many people found it hard to work again. The playwright, Arthur Miller, was summoned before the committee accused of being a communist sympathiser. In the Macarthur 'witch hunt' people were forced to sign papers accusing people that the committee already suspected of being involved. Miller saw the confessions as parallels with the naming of names at Salem. His experience inspired him to write 'The Crucible' in 1953 Throughout the play the crucible the relationship between John and Elizabeth Proctor changes. At the beginning Elizabeth does not trust John and makes it very hard for him to repent for his sins however at the end Elizabeth blames herself for being a cold woman and thinks that that is what brought about John's lechery. However the circumstances that bring about this change are very unfortunate. John's previous affair with Abigail Williams results in John's wife Elizabeth being accused of witchcraft. This was a very serious accusation during this time period and the majority of the time resulted in death. The first impression that we get of the Proctor's relationship is that Elizabeth still does not trust John. ...read more.


He speaks for her reflecting the time the play was set in, in the sense that men were seen as superior to women and spoke for them. It may also imply that John does not trust Elizabeth to keep his lechery a secret or perhaps he is just trying to protect her. 'She believe in the Gospel every word' The fact that John is quick to jump to Elizabeth's defence shows that he does not want her to be thought badly of and still sees her as innocent even though she is making it hard for him to redeem himself, he probably feels guilty for what he has done and perhaps blames himself for the accusations against Elizabeth due to the fact that it is Abigail making the accusations, probably a direct result of his lechery. When it comes to Elizabeth being taken away she is determined not to show John that she is afraid. '(With great fear) I will fear nothing' This implies that she wants to appear as a strong woman to John, she fears that he compares her to Abigail and yet it is also possible. And very likely, that she compares herself to Abigail and therefore is constantly on the defensive, when in reality she doesn't need to be. In this scene the stage reflects the time it was set in, as the living room is low and rather long, yet this also has an impact on the audience as it makes the atmosphere oppressive and fits the scene extremely well. ...read more.


'I never knew how I should say my love' John's crisis of conscience is very like Arthur miller's experience of McCarthyism. John feels forced to confess to something that he did not do as did Miller the difference between the two being that Miller did not confess where as John did although he could not follow his confession through. By the end the Proctor's relationship is the opposite of what it was in the beginning. 'John kisses her passionately' They seem to have finally been able to put the affair behind them. They are at ease with one another and although it does not actually say she kisses him back it is very different from the kiss in act 2: 'Kisses her, she receives it' The significance in the title is that a crucible is a container made of a substance that can resist great heat however a crucible is also defined as a severe test. Within the context of the play the term takes on a new meaning not only is the crucible a test, but a test that brings about a change or reveals an individual's true character. The witch trials serve as a metaphorical crucible, the characters facades are burned away and their true intentions are revealed. In other words, the audience observes the character as he or she is tested, and the audience ultimately determines if he or she passes the test. It links in particularly with John Proctor as he passed his test and he came out of the ordeal pure, as do metals etc which are burned in a crucible. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Arthur Miller section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Arthur Miller essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Consider the relationship between John Proctor and Abigail Williams and how Arthur Miller presents ...

    4 star(s)

    John no longer cares for himself. All he cares about is his wife and that everyone knows the truth about Abigail. "We will slide together into our pit; you will tell the court what you know." When Miller first wrote this play, there was an additional scene but he later withdrew it from the published version.

  2. What is The Crucible within the play, and how does it bring about change ...

    How may I live without my name? I have given you my soul; leave me my name!" At this point, he has revealed his true character, a brave man, who will not sell his friends out, who believes that by signing the sheet he is not worth "the dust on the feet of them that hang".

  1. How Does Arthur Miller Present The Characters of Abigail and Elizabeth and Shape Our ...

    Miller presents her to have no other alternative but to flee from Salem and the tragic mess she had caused. Miller has Abigail steal all of her Uncle's money at the end of the play so that she can vanish from the destroyed town that was once her home.

  2. The Crucible - write a letter from Arthur Miller describing his new play.

    The relationship between John Proctor, his wife Elizabeth Proctor and Abigail Williams creates tension throughout the play. John Proctor is like me, in the way that he has been falsely accused by others, for a crime of being something that we are not.

  1. Discuss the change or lack of change undergone by the main characters in Arthur ...

    before he is taken off for execution Proctor is introduced to Elizabeth once more and the audience see a glimpse of the old Proctor. The fact John and his wife are alone on stage at this point was carefully crafted by Miller which invokes a feeling of pity and reinforces his tragic status.

  2. Using both Act 2 and Act 4, explore the relationship between John and Elizabeth. ...

    that there has been talk of her in the town and people do not trust her.) However, from Act 2 onwards (when she has began accusing the townsfolk of witchcraft), she becomes far more powerful and people start to believe her words- or rather acquiesce purely to escape her wrath.

  1. Analyse the techniques used by Miller to present the different aspects of the relationship ...

    However, the minute Elizabeth's name is mentioned, this is like a catalyst, bringing John to his senses and begins to show us the battle that is taking place within John. Elizabeth never actually appears in act one instead she is somewhat mentioned by Abigail.

  2. Analyse and discuss the way in which Arthur Miller presents the relationship between John ...

    all what he has done to her, this shows how he will do anything to show she is the one he wants to love forever. From Act one we can clearly see the relationship is unstable due to the fact proctor has had an affair with Abigail, but he is

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work