• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain how Herodotus builds up to the battle of Salamis.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain how Herodotus builds up to the battle of Salamis Herodotus uses several different techniques in order to build up the tension leading towards an important event such as the battle of Salamis, and these techniques appear regularly throughout his account when an important event occurs such as the battle of Thermopylae. One such technique used by Herodotus in order to give the reader a more in depth account of the participants in the battle and build up the tension is the catalogue of ships given before the battle. Herodotus gives us details on the size of the Greek fleet and where the contributors came from. 'The composition of the fleet was as follows: 16 ships from...' This techniques applied by Herodotus to his writing is also evident before the battle of Thermopylae, where the participating forces are detailed. Herodotus then goes on to give a description of the preparations that were made in order to organize a defence of the Isthmus, where a wall was constructed by troops. This passage adds tension to the situation, since the reader comes to realise the sheer desperation of the Greeks trying frantically to stop the land over the Isthmus from being overrun by the Persians. ...read more.

Middle

An example of this technique being applied by Herodotus can be seen in chapter 55 where details are given of the Acropolis being stripped of its possessions, and burnt. Along with the Acropolis, a tree supposedly sacred to Athene was burnt as well, but despite the tree being thoroughly damaged, a shoot had sprung from the charred remains of the tree. '...on the very next day, when the Athenians, who were ordered by the King to sacrifice, went up to that sacred place, they saw that a new shoot eighteen inches long had grown from the stump.' This supernatural event to a degree signifies to the reader the fact that the gods are on the side of the Greeks, and that the Persians cannot destroy them as the tree of Athene had been. Another example of a religious event, which appears to show that the gods are on the side of the Greeks, can be seen in chapter 37. At Delphi there were weapons sacred to the gods, which could not be touched by human hands, yet they mysteriously appeared from within their temple and were seen outside the temple. ...read more.

Conclusion

the ease of defending the narrow passage despite the vast numbers of the Persian army, and this gave the Greeks the best chance of success. Herodotus also depicts the main characters on both sides in both Thermopylae and Salamis. At Thermopylae Leonidas, the leader of the Spartan contingent is characterised alongside the Persian leader Xerxes. At Sparta, a similar comparison is made between Themistocles, the leader of the Athenians, with the Persian leader Xerxes once again. Also the Greeks are shown as being very religious and zealous, when compared to the less religiously concerned Persians. '...the people of Delphi applied to the oracle for advice...' It is evident from Herodotus' style of writing that although many of the events which he refers to are possibly shrouded in myth whilst some seem more factual, that throughout the account he attempts to engage and captivate the reader by using writing methods in order to build up tension and anxiety when important events loom. His effective use of these techniques means that he is successful in creating the build up and tension to properly captivate his readers and enhance the significance of certain events such as the battle of Salamis. Duncan Spalding ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE War Poetry section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE War Poetry essays

  1. Why did Britain win the Battle of Britain?

    Therefore, this combined with their patriotic feelings may have given the pilots of the Royal Air Force the edge when at battle and would have encouraged their determination. Another major factor on Britain's side was that they were fighting over friendly territory.

  2. Why did Britain win the battle of Britain?

    Sector stations, comprising an aerodrome with a command post, were the heart of this organisation, though they also had satellite airfields to disperse squadrons to. Group HQs would pass filtered information down to the sector stations and instruct them to 'scramble' their squadrons into the air.

  1. The Battle of Britain.

    Her husband was later released after Japan was defeated. Despite being fed propaganda everyday, she stuck by the fact that if America hadn't joined the war Hitler would have won. However, she said she felt great admiralty for those pilots that defended their country to the bitter end.

  2. The popular myth of the Battle of Britain quickly emerged during the early part ...

    In his opening paragraph of his first speech, Churchill says 'we have to think of the future and not of the past' he wants the public and the troops to forget the Dunkirk evacuation, making it sound like it did not matter.

  1. In Aeneid 10 +12 what techniques does Virgil employ to hold our attention as ...

    The description of Aeneas with his re-enforcements adds to the anticipation of the great battle. Each of his comrades with their own niche and skill to bring to the art of warfare. Virgil does this on purpose to create an awesome atmosphere and sense of build-up for the battle about to commence.

  2. Is it possible to work out what happened at the Battle of Marathon from ...

    If we submit to the Persians, Hippias will be restored to power - and there is little doubt what misery must then ensue: but if we fight and win, then this city of ours may well grow to pre - eminence amongst all the cities of Greece.

  1. Doomsday - creative writing.

    Several more explosions follow in quick succession. The ground around the device is being blasted into the air by the bolts of energy from the tanks. The ground shakes as the six tanks of Alpha Troop roll forward up to the top of the hill. They are firing so fast, that the charging units inside will soon overheat.

  2. The Battle of Britain

    These speeches are primary first hand evidence from the Prime Minister. Its highly effective in reaching its wartime audience because it was what people wanted to hear and he captures and sets the mood. However its weaknesses do balance the strengths as well.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work