• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain how much of the emotion in the play comes from the relationship between Raleigh and Stanhope, both of whom have the sympathy of the audience. What makes the barrier between them so poignant and how is it removed at the end?

Extracts from this document...


Journey's End - R.C. Sherriff Explain how much of the emotion in the play comes from the relationship between Raleigh and Stanhope, both of whom have the sympathy of the audience. What makes the barrier between them so poignant and how is it removed at the end? Journey's end is a play set in the final year of the First World War. The action takes place entirely in one location. This location is A dug-out in the British trenches before St. Quentin. The play opens on the evening of Monday, the 18^th march 1918. On stage the audience can see the inside of a dimly lit dug-out, a table, wooden boxes serving as stools as well as bottles holding candles. This glum scene is the setting for the majority of the play. The play opens with a meeting between lieutenant Osbourne, who is second in command to Captain Stanhope and Captain Hardy whose company Stanhope's men are relieving from their spell of duty in the front line. Captain Hardy is quite a useless commander is the image that is portrayed at the beginning of the play. Lieutenant Osbourne appears to be annoyed by Captain Hardy's lack of efficiency. This is shown when Hardy tells Osbourne about the trench stores, the rifle grenades in particular (Hardy) "Besides, they are rusty, in any case' Also when Hardy says there are '34 gum boots' Osbourne replies (Osbourne) ...read more.


(Hardy) "And don't forget about the big attack" Instead of welcoming Raleigh Stanhope rejects him. Stanhope's fear of Raleigh exposing him causes him to be very unfriendly towards Raleigh and paranoid. (Stanhope) "It's no good, Uncle. Didn't you see him sitting there at supper? - Staring at me? - and wondering? He's up in those trenches now - still wondering - and beginning to understand." This paranoia and distrust of Raleigh causes Stanhope to make irrational decisions and therefore he decides to censor his letters so Raleigh cannot write bad things about him. (Stanhope) "Wants to write home and tell Madge all about me. Well, he won't; d'you see, uncle? He won't write. Censorship! I censor his letters - cross out all he says about me." When Stanhope comes to take Raleigh's letter to censor it he becomes desperate and is extremely hostile and cold towards his old friend. (Stanhope) "D'you understand an order? Give me that letter!" (Raleigh) "But I tell you - there's nothing -" Stanhope clutches Raleigh's wrist and tears the letter from his hand. This shows the level to which Stanhope has stooped. When Osbourne reads Raleigh's letter to Stanhope however, we discover that he still has nothing but praise for his old friend. This makes us admire Raleigh because he really does show he is a true friend of Stanhope and does not betray his trust or have a bad word to say about him, despite his unfriendly and cold behaviour towards Raleigh. ...read more.


Stanhope orders the sergeant-major to bring Raleigh down to the dug-out and he comforts him. (Stanhope) "Steady, old boy. Just lie there quietly for a bit." It becomes a apparent at this moment that all is put right between Raleigh and Stanhope as they do not argue and Stanhope comforts and nurses Raleigh in his final moments. (Stanhope) "it's quite alright Jimmy" Stanhope takes on the role as Raleigh's guardian, watching over him as his job was before the War. There are no hard feelings and the two both make up for their argument. (Raleigh) "It's awfully decent of you to bother, Dennis. I feel rotten lying here - everybody else - up there." (Stanhope) " it's not your fault, Jimmy." The play ends with the explosion of a German bomb upon the roof of the dug-out. It puts out the candle, which Stanhope brought for Raleigh whose eyesight was failing. The significance of this ending is that impending death is often symbolised by the extinguishing of fire. As with the death of Osbourne earlier in the play (Osbourne) "I do hate leaving a pipe when it's got a nice glow on the top like that." My personal opinion of the play is it is good because it conveys its message of the true horror of War well. It stirred my emotions by displaying the grim reality of War and the effects the circumstances had on the men. It is especially emotive, as the story of the two main characters is so poignant. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE RC Sheriff section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE RC Sheriff essays

  1. English 4UO Independent Study - Comparative Essay

    This is evident on page 354 as a Mexican listener says, "...few castaways can claim to have survived so long at sea as Mr. Patel, and none in the company of an adult Bengal tiger." In convincing others of his somewhat implausible Disney-esque fairy tale, Pi is extending a level of enlightenment that allows other to discover their own faiths.

  2. Journey's End- Captain Stanhope Character Study

    Osborne introduces himself, but also in doing this, he mentions that the other officers call him uncle. This nickname shows how the other officers see him, as an honest and dependable person, who looks after everyone. This links back to what has been previously said about Stanhope, making us more inclined to trust 'Uncle' Osborne's more favourable view of him.

  1. 20th Century Drama - Journey's End, R C Sheriff

    In a bizarre situation they start talking about bizarre things like the New forest. Raleigh tells of how Stanhope and he had spent time in the forest during the summer and Osborne reveals that he used to walk there a lot.

  2. Journey's end - Focusing on the exchange between Stanhope and Hibbert in act two, ...

    They all have a laugh and a joke about old times when they were younger. They talk of times when they got drunk and tell jokes. They all are talking like they have been friends for a long while. It is comradeship, which has brought them together.

  1. I will be analysing the characteristics of Captain Dennis Stanhope from the play Journeys ...

    However, he is unable to control his sorrow towards the end of this saga, when he loses Osborne in an encounter with the Germans, "Oh for God's sake forget that bloody raid! Think I want to talk about it!" - Stanhope.

  2. Write about the presentation of Stanhope's relationship with Raleigh in Act Two Scene One, ...

    It shows that Stanhope is ashamed of the character the war has made him become. I think that R.C Sheriff shapes this scene brilliantly; he starts off with all the soldiers joking around, so you are expecting a happy scene but it all turns.

  1. "Journey's End" by R.C. Sherriff - A dramatic analysis of Act three, Scene one, ...

    Sergeant Major also finds a few juvenile articles in his pockets, "Bit o' string, sir;" you can almost imagine a conker on the end of the string, "Little box o' fruit drops; pocket-knife, sir; bit o' cedar pencil," there is a touch of pathos here.

  2. Discuss how R.C.Sherriff manages to describe the horrific effects of war on different soldiers ...

    When Stanhope had a conflict with Hibbert because he wants to see the doctor to escape from war, and fake sickness, he says "Why, go sick- go down the line. I must go into hospital and have some kind of treatment", This quote shows how nervously he is and how

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work