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Explain how Orwell suggests the importance of fear, in keeping control in a society like Animal Farm.

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Introduction

Explain how Orwell suggests the importance of fear, in keeping control in a society like Animal Farm. Animal Farm is a novella which conveys the theme of fear throughout life and society; from the time of Jones' harsh rule right the way through to Napoleon's self-centred leadership. Fear is a factor that is essentially necessary in a society like Animal Farm, it tames the animals and avoids them rebelling to a certain degree. However, abuse of fear towards others can inevitably lead into torture and a drastic consequence, as is visible on Manor Farm. Moreover, fear is not the only the control factor used; propaganda, mind games and a rhetoric approach towards the animals is as important in keeping control as using fear. At the very start of the story, Jones is shown to be a 'hard master'. The shot that he unleashes after the first singing of 'Beasts of England' shows much is the reign of fear, that just one shot maintains control over the animals. ...read more.

Middle

It is clearly signalled out through Squealer that 'bravery is not enough, and that loyalty and obedience are more important.' The animals fail to protest because of the fear of what happened to the pigs when they remonstrated. As Napoleon's regime progresses, he engages in trade with humans, causing a 'vague of uneasiness' amongst the animals. They watched Mr. Whimper with 'a kind of dread, avoiding him as much as possible'; it was clear that the animals still feared the humans. The hens 'raised a terrible outcry' when they heard the pigs had decided to sell their eggs. They attempted to thwart Napoleon's wishes by smashing their eggs to pieces. However, Napoleon reinserted his control over the farm once again by declaring that all the hen's rations were to be stopped and any animal seen giving as little as a grain to them would be punished by death. ...read more.

Conclusion

Even at the fear of Boxer's death, there is 'a cry of horror' from the animals. However, Squealer uses propaganda and a tissue of lies which drives away fear and re-establishes control. The end of the play sees the fear of Napoleon on his hind legs and a whip in his hand, which resembles the rule of Jones eventually, turn to a rebellion. The fear engendered by Napoleon has an effect on the animals, as this fear turns to rebellion. Although, the use of fear keeps control, the method of propaganda and the sheep constantly bleeping out 'four legs good, two legs bad', at crucial moments in Napoleon's speeches are also effective. The pigs use their cleverness to forecast any argument against Napoleon's ideas, and by using the sheep, they interrupt any possible disagreement another animal may have in opposition to Napoleon. The spirit of the animals is crushed and repressed by the use of fear. Such is the supremacy of Napoleon's regime, that there is no need for exceptional fear; it has become incorporated in the animals' life. Adnan 5R ...read more.

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