Explore how Mary Shelley uses language to create a sense of horror and terror in Chapter 5 of Frankenstein(TM)
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Eliot Bryant Explore how Mary Shelley uses language to create a sense of horror and terror in Chapter 5 of 'Frankenstein' Horror and terror are built up by Mary Shelley throughout the novel around Victor Frankenstein and his monster. The language that Mary Shelley used is often emotional and powerful and so is likely to have a greater effect on the reader. In the 1800's, when 'Frankenstein' was written by Mary Shelley, the novel would have been seen or perceived differently as science was developing rapidly and the discovery of electricity prompted uproar in the religious and traditional people of Europe, this meant many people feared new findings in science, and so even without Mary Shelley's use of language, the sense of horror and terror would already be in the 19th Century reader before they'd even opened the book an started reading. Mary Shelley has built up horror and terror with the language she uses and the atmosphere she creates by provoking the reader's imagination which is already sparked off by the general fear of the supernatural and ungodly plot to the book. The same horror is recreated in the modern audience; however it is less effective as Mary Shelley's book cannot relate as well to the modern audience.
Mary Shelley used the word 'wretch' to create a sense of horror and terror in Chapter 5, the word was used throughout Chapter 5 which is why it was so effective because it was repeated and used as a way of getting across to the reader, to remind them that this story is being told by Victor Frankenstein and so will be biased against the monster, not admitting that it had any chance to be good. She could be trying to tell the readers that he is calling it evil when it hasn't done anything evil yet, and so implying that Victor is the evil one because he rejected responsibility for his creation, and instead of correcting his error by immediately destroying the evil he had birthed, he was overcome by revulsion and fell psychologically ill. This is demonstrated with Victor Frankenstein saying 'How can I describe my emotions at this catastrophe or how delineate the wretch whom with such infinite pains and care I had endeavored to form?' and 'A mummy again endued with animation could not be as hideous as that wretch.' The foremost quote shows Victor Frankenstein dehumanizing the monster, not only by referring to it as 'the wretch', but also calling it a 'catastrophe'.
In Chapter 5, Mary Shelley uses pathetic fallacy to a sense of horror and terror and could use it to create a gothic atmosphere, an example of pathetic fallacy is 'I perceived that the fallen leaves had disappeared, and that the young buds were shooting forth from the trees that shaded my window'. Frankenstein contains a whole load of imagery pertaining to the landscape. Being well travelled, Mary Shelley knew many of the locations intimately, especially Geneva and its surroundings. This creates a sense of horror and terror through the image that it paints, it is a very gothic scene and one that is very visual and so this creates a sense of horror and terror in the modern audience as well. Mary Shelley uses language to create a sense of horror and terror, she used religion and science to create an atmosphere to the 19th Century reader. She also uses techniques, such as pathetic fallacy to create gothic imagery, which creates a sense of horror and terror upon the reader. Through her choice of language, such her use of the word 'wretch', she makes the reader interpret the story differently and by doing so can add to the horror and terror that is already in the novel. ?? ?? ?? ??
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