• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explore Sherriff's presentation in

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explore Sherriff's presentation in "Journey's End" of the pressures of war and the various ways in which characters respond to them. The First World War provoked many different reactions in the people affected by it, particularly the soldiers, which Sherriff seeks to explore in "Journey's End". He uses Hibbert to show the way in which some soldiers reacted, but which was frowned upon by all others, and then presents the opposite view of Stanhope, who, despite being the stereotypical 'perfect' soldier, still has his moments of fear and self-doubt. Clearly, both the officers and the men involved in World War I lived in conditions of extraordinary hardship. The men refer to the poor food, the rough sleeping conditions and the rats, of which there are "about two million", according to Hardy. There is also a torturous routine of inspections, patrols, raids and duty in early hours of the morning. The men also have to cope with the ever-present shadow of death. In the background, there is a constant rumble of guns and heavy artillery, although it is the silence which affects the men more, as they do not know what is happening - it is more of a threat than the guns. Most of the men, although Hibbert is the significant exception, are brave and dutiful, but their methods of coping with the challenge of warfare vary according to their temperaments. ...read more.

Middle

He realises the extent of his dependence on alcohol, and dislikes this reliance, which he, understandably, sees as a weakness. He seems to discharge his mounting fear and distress partly through a combination of calculated hardness and anger. He also works hard to block out all that is happening around him, taking his job far more seriously than, for example, Hardy, and not allowing himself to rest and therefore have time to contemplate what is happening to him. TROTTER: Cheer up Skipper. You do look glum! STANHOPE: I'm tired. OSBORNE: I should turn in and get some sleep after supper. STANHOPE: I've got hours of work before I sleep. OSBORNE: I'll do the duty roll and see the sergeant major and all that. STANHOPE: That's all right, Uncle. I'll see to it. He feels that he is beginning to lose his grip on reality, and asks Osborne 'D'you ever get the feeling that everything's going farther and farther away...?' He is troubled by the possibility that he might be losing his mind. One way in which his inner struggle expresses itself is through his increasing emotional dependence on Osborne, which Osborne quietly reciprocates. He is very worried, even to the point of paranoia, that Raleigh will write to his sister and tell her about his drink problem. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although fear was accepted by the soldiers as inevitable, actual cowardice was treated with disgust, and cowards were often regarded in some ways as 'degenerate', morally and physically unfit for manly existence. Hibbert is a 'funky man', and has some of the other characteristics of a degenerate. He is devious and deceitful, lacks sensitivity towards others, and is pre-occupied with the kind of sex associated with 'saucy pictures' and Soho. Stanhope refers scathingly to his 'repulsive little mind', and says that he makes him sick. He calls him a 'worm', and even the usually sympathetic Osborne agrees that 'It's a slimy thing to go home of you're not really ill, isn't it.' Sherriff's portrayal of Hibbert is psychologically accurate, and also sympathetic insofar as he allows Hibbert some dignity in his defiance of Stanhope and in his agreeing to Stanhope's insistence that he must try to 'stick it out'. A thoughtful response from the audience is also provoked by Trotter's sympathy with him. However, the prevailing view is that Hibbert is a weak and repellent man, whose reaction to the pressures of war is symptomatic of a lack of moral fibre and wholly unacceptable. There was simply no room in the battlefield for that kind of mental collapse in the face of one's duty. Sherriff presents many different ways in which men reacted to the pressures of the First World War, all of which are representative of the reactions of some men. English Essay Mr Morgan Alice Motion Nelson 6C ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE RC Sheriff section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE RC Sheriff essays

  1. English 4UO Independent Study - Comparative Essay

    In the conclusion of the novel, the author, Yann Martel, conveys the maturation process that Pi had endured through descriptive insight regarding Pi's optimistically improved perspective on life. Pi is able to make startling realizations regarding many of the various religious faiths he had once tried to explore.

  2. Journeys End Drama Studies

    I can imagine this to be a voice with no feeling or hidden meanings. This voice alone will add to the tension as we cannot detect what Stanhope is really feeling in this voice. After this sentence, there is a short silence, and this gives the audience time to take

  1. Compare and Contrast the Presentation of the Psychological Effects of the WarAnd the Setting ...

    the War has caused him to isolate himself and his feelings from those at home whom he used to feel close to, namely his sister, Beth. Contrary to Sherriff, Hill initially introduces Hilliard as a man who, despite engaging in conversation with other men, does not confide in anyone as

  2. In what ways does R.C.Sherriff re-create for his audience the tremendous stress and fear ...

    Sherriff emphasises this when hardy mimics the noise that the rifle grenades and minnies make. "Swish-swish-swish-swish-BANG!" From Osborne's hurried response, "All right-all right-I know" we can presume that he doesn't want to be reminded about the terrors of war although his character can accept the harsh actuality of it.

  1. Explain the ways in which R C Sherriff conveys a sense

    Hardy sings "Tick! - Tock! - Wind up the clock, And we'll start the day over again". From the very beginning of the play we get an idea of how the soldier's lives are repetitive and how they go through similar routines every day. It is one of the many hardships that we see the men endure.

  2. How does Sherrif explore and develop different attitudes to war?

    Throughout this scene, Sherrif employs different strategies, for example the use of broken sentences, to express Hibbert's physical and emotional response to war. Most of Hibberts sentences are broken up and end with dashes, this is meant to show that he is very nervous, afraid and just needs to get

  1. Explore the different ways that Sherriff reveals courage to the audience?

    He is under immense strain, and as a light relief to keep him going, he turns to the help of alcohol. Hardy says to Osborne that he "never did see a youngster put away the whiskey he does." Also, Osborne warns Raleigh that he should not expect too much from Stanhope, when he arrives.

  2. In what ways does R.C Sherriff re-create for his audience the over whelming stress ...

    These are found on many pages throughout the book. He uses these to describe all about the lives of the men and the feelings of everyone. An example of this is on the first page where he introduces a very full-characterised captain.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work