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Explore the use of the supernatural in Macbeth Acts 1-3

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Explore the use of the supernatural in Macbeth Acts 1-3 In this essay I am going to explore the use of the supernatural in the play Macbeth, written by William Shakespeare. This is going to be done by showing how much power the supernatural elements had and how it influenced peoples' mind. The supernatural elements are the use of the witches, the dagger, Banquo's ghost and the apparitions in the play. Firstly, the use of the witches in the play is a key element in the supernatural. When the play was written in 1600, people in those days believed in things like the witches and they also believed thought that the power and knowledge of the future came from the devil. All this shows why the witches influence Macbeth throughout the play and why are part of Macbeth's struggle between good and evil. The witches start of by giving the audience a clue to what the future holds for Macbeth. "When the battles lost and won," (Act 1, Scene 1) is said by the second witch. This says that every battle is lost by one side and won by another and so Macbeth's fate is that he will win the battle, but will lose his time of victory for the battle of his soul. ...read more.


Although he has already achieve his goal to be a king, he begins to be greedier to not let the Banquo's prophecy of being father of kings come true because he thinks he has put a great effort to reach the throne. Therefore, because of his fears due to Banquo's prophecy, Macbeth proceeds to plot the murder of his friend, which caused him to fall into a deeper hole. Once the murderer notified Macbeth that the deed was done, he observed Banquo's ghost in the place reserved for him. "What man dare, I dare. Approach thou like rugged Russian bear. take any shape but that, and my firm nerves shall never tremble" (Act 3 Scene 4). Macbeth feels frightened at the sight of the bloody ghost haunting him and proclaims that he could take any wild animals, but not Banquo's ghost. This shows the interference of spirit in Macbeth's mind and this caused Macbeth to act in a wild manner, making people suspicious of his actions. Macbeth's says later on "I will, to the weird sisters: more shall they speak, for now I am bent to know by the worst means the worst" (Act 3 Scene 4). ...read more.


These apparitions are good news for Macbeth. The witches encouraged him to believe he is invulnerable and indestructible. He has found protection in the strength of spirit's words. Having possession of all the confidence in the world, he fears no one. The prophecies at the beginning of the play led him to his success, and those apparitions at the end just led to his tragic death. It is a tragic death because without known that Macbeth will become a king, he would still be a brave soldier, honest and humble man. From all above, the use of the supernatural provides a suspenseful Macbeth play. The first prophecies have led Macbeth to murder Duncan and Banquo in order to gain the power of the throne. Lady Macbeth also relied on supernatural by her soliloquy to change her into a creature without human compassion, which at the end shows that spirits might possess her. The vision of the dagger also shows the interference of spirit that leads Macbeth's way to Duncan's chamber. After his encounter with the ghost of Banquo, Macbeth proceeds to visit the witches one last time to insure his security. After this last visit, Macbeth becomes over confident which cause his tragic death. Without the witches, Lady Macbeth, strange nature, vision of dagger, ghost, and the apparitions, the play "Macbeth" would have been a dull and tiresome play. Zahir Choksi 11B ...read more.

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