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Explore the ways in which Hyde is presented to the reader during the reader during the course of the novel, and assess what Hyde stands for or symbolises

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Introduction

Explore the ways in which Hyde is presented to the reader during the reader during the course of the novel, and assess what Hyde stands for or symbolises Stevenson presents Hyde in many different ways by describing the main character of Hyde, in an effective and detailed style, and providing a variety of language, imagery and atmosphere, which also helps to create the symbol which Hyde stands for. Stevenson explores what good and evil symbolised at that time in the Victorian society, and how this leads up to the representation of Hyde. Respectability and reputation were very important factors to consider in the Victorian society. The Victorian society was very strongly divided into classes, with the aristocracy having the highest value of respect. The split personality of Jekyll and Hyde symbolises the splits in Victorian society, as revealed by the divided classes in the Victorian society. As Jekyll and Hyde are of one body, they are completely different. The good side of Jekyll is when he is himself. When he is Jekyll, he is a very respectable and rich gentleman, representing what was valued in Victorian society. When Jekyll is transformed into Hyde, Stevenson shows that the character of Hyde is to be unrespectable, and poorer. He is an assaulter and a murderer. There is no apparent motive to why he trampled on the girl or killed Sir Danvers Carew, a highly respectable and political gentleman. It was just random violence. Stevenson presents Hyde in the very first chapter. ...read more.

Middle

Also in Utterson's dream, Stevenson describes the city of London in a clear and dramatic style. In the dream, Hyde glides through "wider labyrinths of lamp-lighted city, and at every street corner, crush a child and leave her screaming. It seems like Hyde is filling the city of his dark nature and his loathing crimes. I think it is very important that this dream is set at night, because London's wickedness comes only alive at night, as revealed by the character of Hyde. Also in chapter nine, Stevenson describes the weather again. "The fog still slept on the wing above the drowned city", and a strong wind breezed through "the muffle and smother of these fallen clouds". Although Hyde is not present in this paragraph, this is still a very thorough description of the weather, and as before, the weather can symbolise Hyde. The fog is thickening and smothering, which seems to relate to the character of Hyde. The fog blocks up the sky and leads people to illusion, people cannot really see what is happening around them when fog is surrounding them. Hyde is able to murder. They are both capable of evil. In chapter three, Stevenson describes Hyde to be a less than fully evolved human being. He leaves Utterson the "picture of disquietude", which refers to the term of uneasiness, restlessness and anxiety. Hyde leaves Utterson feeling disturbed. He uses detailed imagery to describe Hyde's movements. For instance, at one point, Hyde shrank back "with a hissing intake of the breath". Similarly, after Hyde leaves, Utterson is left thinking about the animality of Hyde. ...read more.

Conclusion

In Utterson's dreams, I think Stevenson is trying to suggest that you cannot avoid the evil side of a person, and in this case Utterson cannot avoid evil Hyde as he is present in his dream, and you cannot control the dreams you have. Stevenson is showing that Hyde symbolises the evil side to any person and that you cannot be free from this evil person that is within everybody. Also because Utterson has the dreams at night, and Hyde's atrocious actions only happen during the night, I think Stevenson here is trying to emphasize that Hyde represents night and all the elements that you associate night with, for example murder and assault. Hyde symbolises the secret sins and all the wrong lingering beneath respectable London, lingering after dark. Powerful imagery of the fog is also used to develop what Hyde stands for. For every description of the fog, I think what Stevenson is trying to suggest is that Hyde symbolises murder and evil, because usually fog is associated with something wrong happening, something unsafe or risky, perhaps choking in the fog. This totally describes Hyde's character. Overall, Stevenson shows that Hyde symbolises all the unpleasant, immoral, corrupted aspects of life in the Victorian society that they wanted to hide. Hyde symbolises the evil side of a rational person because Stevenson is suggesting that each person has two sides, one good and one evil. Jekyll symbolises the good side and Hyde symbolises the evil side. The evil side is also associated with some irrational ideas within the Victorian society, for instance Darwin's idea of humans evolving from apes. He is to show the evil side of Victorian society. Eva Patel 10N - GCSE English Coursework Assignment ...read more.

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