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Explore the ways in which Mary Shelley amnipulates the reader to feel sympathetic to the monster in Chapter 5 and at least one otehr chapter.

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Introduction

Annabelle Ram 11X Explore the ways in which Mary Shelley manipulates the reader's response to the monster in Chapter 5 and at least one other chapter in "Frankenstein". Prior to Chapter 5, the monsters creation, our sympathies lie with Victor Frankenstein. His dedication to science, to creating human life, had almost made him a recluse from society. We can see Frankenstein's slow descent when he describes the toll that his 'undertaking' has taken on him, "My cheek had grown pale with study, and my person had become emaciated with confinement.". It is perhaps because of his ardour that our sympathy stays with Frankenstein in to Chapter 5 when the monster is created and he realises that his creation is not what he wanted it to be. Frankenstein describes his monster as having "Yellow skin scarcely covering the work of muscles and arteries beneath" and "Watery eyes, a shrivelled complexion and straight black lips". He even goes so far as to call him "the miserable monster". Although we feel disappointed for Frankenstein, Shelley also definitely writes Chapter 5 in a way which makes it difficult for you to condone his actions. His creations monstrous appearance is contrasted with his first actions as a living creature who acts how a newborn would act. He "Muttered some inarticulate sounds, while a grin wrinkled his cheeks....One hand was stretched out, seemingly to detain me, but I escaped and rushed down the stairs.". ...read more.

Middle

instincts and thoughts, born with neither bad nor particularly good qualities, but are swayed and corrupted by society and the values that it instils in to its' children. We can see Shelley's inclusion of this philosophy in the journey that Frankenstein's Monster is forced to endure and the way in which he becomes jaded by his experiences. Societies superficial need to fit in requires them to become overly prideful, which in turn makes them prone to comparison and deriving pleasure from others' pain and weakness. Firstly the monster is affected by this due to the rejections he receives from the 'corrupt' humans, from the old man in chapter 11 who flees from him because of his appearance to the man who shoots him after witnessing him trying to save a small girl in chapter 16. The monster starts to show signs of corruption himself, perhaps lead by the examples of the humans he has already come in to contact with, when he shows superficial thoughts by self pitying his predicament and his inability to fit in, acknowledging his appearance as being his downfall in Chapter 12, "Alas!I did not yet entirely know the fatal effects of this miserable deformity." The monster spends the next few chapters explaining his story to Frankenstein and by Chapter 15 we are aware of his attachment to the De Lacey family. His characters naturally kind and intelligent disposition is shown in the chapters covering the monsters time watching the De Lacey's. ...read more.

Conclusion

The reader's reaction to the scene where he talks to the elderly, blind De Lacey is mixed because while the reader is pleased that the man is speaking kindly and the monster's plans appear to be working they also feel sympathy because the only time that he has been treated as a human being was by a man who couldn't see what he looked like. However, when the younger De Lacey's and Safie return and see the monster's form and his position at the elderly man's feet, Felix runs forward and starts to beat him without waiting for any explanation. The use of language in this chapter implies the monster's restraint and capacity for good, as he says "I could have torn him limb from limb, as the lion rends the antelope.". With the monster being shunned by the De Lacey family in this chapter, he no longer has any hope to grasp on to. Throughout the story, the reader is sympathetic towards Frankenstein or the monster, sometimes at the same time and sometimes only one of them garners our sympathy, but Shelley has written her story in a way that not only one character is at fault. Rousseau, a French philosopher, argued that we are inherently good, but we become corrupted by the evils of society. Shelley has used a very similar theme in Frankenstein which creates a way for the reader to sympathise with and understand the monster better. ...read more.

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