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Features of Twentieth Century Literature.

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Introduction

20th century is the age of modernism in literature.20th century's literature follows differently from the 19th century literature, because of importance given to presentation of human consciousness and human psychology. As result new narrative techniques like impressionism and stream of consciousness has been introduced, the purpose of whom is to highlight human perception. Impressionism has been adopted by many writers, replacing realism.20th century is an age of emphasis on inner reality, therefore psychoanalysis and human psychology is an important part of literature. Experience is given structural support by, motifs, myths, and parallel themes. Isolation and, loss of hope in humanity are one of the salient themes of modern literature. E.M. Forster, Joseph Conrad and James Joyce are three prominent writers of the twentieth century, who applied modern techniques and themes in their novels. Human consciousness is an important aspect of 20th century novel. Human, thoughts, feelings and stimulations are much important constituent of the century s fiction. In fact "A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man" is like a little world of Stephen's mind, which is a result of an evolutionary process. Ulysses can be called the story of thought life of Stephen and Morgan within one day. ...read more.

Middle

Impressionism is vivid in "A Portrait of the Artist as Young Man". Joyce uses impressionism in the epiphanic moment of Stephen's life when he comes to know that he cannot repress nature and therefore his natural inclinations". She seemed like one whom magic had changed into the likeness of a strange and beautiful seabird..:" Impressionism is also employed in Joseph Conrad's ''Heart of Darkness", which is a journey from darkness to light for Marlowe. Therefore he perceives things, learns and gets knowledge by interpreting things around him. Conrad employs impressionism for this process. ."Near the same tree two more bundles of acute angles sat with their legs drawn up......his brother phantom rested his forehead........" Imperialism and colonization is one of the modern themes in 20th century English literature. A Passage to India and, Heart of Darkness throw light on manipulation by man when he is in power. Both works utilize Britain's Age of Empire as a backdrop for the narratives and they explore British attitudes and behavior in the foreign locales of the imperial frontier. Ivory has a strong drive for white man and he does not leave any chance to get it. ...read more.

Conclusion

The passage to India is a discourse on the in understandable existence of man. It has the questions about the man's existence which are the feature of 20th century literature. Marabar Caves themselves are an important symbol Their freezing regularity, hard to decipher echo that follows any sound made within them, come to represent the nullity of human action, the meaninglessness of existence. As in all 20th century literature the psychological effect of the colonization is clear in a passage to India. The British people cannot come out of the psychological influence that they are a much exotic race than the Orientals, where as the natives are hostile to them. As a result it ends up that with their given psychologies the two nations cannot unite. Ms Adela quested cannot stand the reality, the real India and her illusion becomes symbolic of the psychological crisis. Ms Moore undergoes a transformation as compared to other English men. BOOKS CONSULTED A Readers Guide to James Joyce William York Tindall The Art of the Novel Pelham Edgar INTERNET RESOURCES: http://www.cyberpat.com/shirlsite/essays/hdar-pind.html http://www.ipl.org.ar/cgi-bin/ref/litcrit/litcrit.out.pl?ti=hea-137 www.sparknotes.com www.classicnotes.com http://www.cyberpat.com/shirlsite/essays Features of Twentieth Century Literature Novelists: JAMES JOYCE E.M.FORSTER JOSEPH CONRAD HAFSA SHAFIQUE ROLL NO 14 MA REPLICA PART 2 UNIVERSITY OF THE PUNJAB ...read more.

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