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Focus on Mr. Birling's Speech and the Characters' Reactions at the End of the Play

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'An Inspector Calls' is a play written by J.B. Priestley. It was written in 1945 after World War 2 but is set in 1912 before World War 1. The play was set before World War1 because back then there were three different classes of people, (upper, middle and lower) and each of them treat the lower class worse than their own, but Priestley wanted them to realise that different class or not we should treat each other the same. J.B. believed society should care for each other, and hoped that by writing the play people would see the error in their ways and change them. The play is set in a fictional industrial town called Brumely; it takes place in the Birling's living room. The play centres around the Birling family and the way they treat people. The Birlings are celebrating Sheila Birling's engagement to Gerald Croft until 'An Inspector Calls.' Mr. Birling's views on social responsibility are 'a man has to look after himself- and his family too' and that community is nonsense 'community and all that nonsense.' His views represented many people's views at the time. Priestley wrote the play to challenge these views because Priestley's views are the opposite of Mr. Birling's views and he expresses his views through the Inspector. The Inspector arrives to challenge Mr. Birling's opinions. ...read more.


The main reason for that, however, is the simple fact that he broke her heart by having an affair with her, allowing her to fall in love with him and leaving her. He was also the only character that had a close relationship with her which is why when he found out she had died he was shocked and upset. The main reasons she fell in love with Gerald is because he is a sympathetic and honest character and treated her the way a woman should be treated. Gerald, however is the one that found out that the Inspector was a fake and he was very happy and relieved and tried to lie to himself by pretending everything was back to normal, the affair did not happen and he could put everything behind him and be engaged to Sheila again 'Everything is all right now, Sheila (holds up the ring) What about this ring?' Mrs. Birling plays a part in Eva's death too the biggest part, in my opinion. She was Eva's last resort because she had no where else to go and when she went to Brumley Women's Charity Organisation for help Mrs. Birling turned her away and refused to help her in her pregnant and desperate state. She says she turned Eva away and felt no remorse because Eva lied and said her name was Mrs. ...read more.


At the end justice is, in a way, done because the Inspector explains how each of them is to blame. Then he carries on by explaining there are plenty of other people on earth like Eva Smith and we need to start taking responsibility by treating each other equally and if we don't then there will consequences like what happened to Eva Smith. He's also saying we should take the chance while we have it. 'There are millions of Eva Smiths and John Smiths still left with us... We are members of one body. We are responsible for each other ... if men will not learn that lesson, then they will be taught it in fire and blood and anguish.' The Inspector is say what Priestley thinks and is trying to get the message across and hoping the audience will learn something from the play and start working together as one community, and not listen to Mr. Birling's views which are the complete opposite of the Inspector's. What Priestley is trying to say throughout this whole play is social responsibility is something that should be practiced but is not. The message Priestley is trying to get across throughout the whole play is the people on earth should stop classing each other and start working together as one because the way we treat each other is not nice, which I think he got across well although social responsibility and behaviour has not improved that much in the world. By: KALLAI JOHNSON-HIBBERT 10.5 ...read more.

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