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For a tragedy to be effective, the audience must recognise in the hero, the vulnerable qualities of human nature. Discuss

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For a tragedy to be effective, the audience must recognise in the hero, the vulnerable qualities of human nature. By definition, a tragedy is a story of exceptional calamity leading to the death of a man in high estate. Othello is a classic Shakespearean tragedy, as it fits with the convention that the hero's downfall was attributed to a fatal flaw in his character; exposed by external circumstances. The emotional impact of the plot, hence its effectiveness on the audience is created through use of dramatic techniques, and it is Othello's character, circumstance and the eventual catharsis of fear and pity are the qualities that make Othello a tragedy. Othello's position of eminence accentuates his eventual downfall, and his tragic flaw is essential in both the circumstances created and in the resulting catharsis. Shakespeare creates an accumulation of fear and pity, through the harsh deception of Othello, and catharsis occurs when Othello is released from this situation through his death. Initially, fitting in with the Shakespearean ideals, Othello is a man of high stature occupying a position of power in the Venetian society. ...read more.


"Yet she must die else she betray more men" demonstrates that he is acting out of what he believes to be justice, for the salvation of pride. Because of his tragic pride, Othello becomes a willing victim to circumstance. Shakespeare uses Iago's jealousy as an example of circumstance acting against Othello. Iago perceives Othello's noble qualities "The Moor (howbeit that I endure him not), is of a constant, loving, noble nature" yet his selfish nature drives him "In following him, I follow but myself." Dramatic irony is used throughout the play; the phrase "Honest Iago" is employed as a dramatic technique motif recurring throughout the play. It is obvious that Othello trusts Iago extensively as he says during his first soliloquy "This fellow's of exceeding honesty and knows all qualities, with a learned spirit, of human dealings". Hence Othello is subtly manipulated by Iago "I hope you will consider what is spoke comes from my love" while slowly planting seeds of jealousy within Othello "beware my lord of jealousy." Further dramatic irony conveys Othello's suffering at the hand of circumstance. ...read more.


The responder finds solace, however, in knowing that Othello does conquer the part of himself that has brought about the tragedy, shown in his soliloquy, "Speak of one that loved not wisely, but too well, of one not easily jealous but, being wrought, perplexed in an extreme...." It is in this that Othello comes to the realization of the tragic flaw of his naivety; and lack of wisdom that has led to the dreadful situation. However, as characteristic of tragedy, the hero has reached this realization too late, and he dies, giving emotional impact. Othello's character is an essential quality of tragedy as it presents him in a position of esteem, making his downfall more significant. The flaw in his character is an essential quality of tragedy, as without this flaw, his downfall would not occur. Othello's downfall occurs due to circumstance, another key quality of tragedy. Because of this, Othello is seen as a victim of circumstance, leading to the eventual catharsis of emotions upon his death. In Conclusion, Othello is an effective tragedy as it implements the conventions of a noble man dying due to his fatal flaw. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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