• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12

'Frankenstein Essay' - With reference to chapters 11-16, trace the development and change in character that the monster undergoes.

Extracts from this document...


G.C.S.E Assignment 'Frankenstein Essay' With reference to chapters 11-16, trace the development and change in character that the monster undergoes. The structure of Frankenstein begins as an epistolary, narrative story by Robert Walton to his sister (Mrs Saville) in England. Walton's letters tell us that he is exploring, searching for what lies beyond the North Pole and that he longs for fame and glory. Walton and Frankenstein connect in this novel as they both seek and have a thirst for knowledge. For Walton it is his exploration, for Frankenstein it is to discover the secret of life. Walton's letters announce the discovery and rescue of a stranger - Victor Frankenstein. This is another connection between these two characters because when Victor is found he tells Robert Walton his story (this is after the monster has told his story to Frankenstein) and of course Walton passes on his version to his sister. This shows an elaborate series of frames because Victor's story is embedded within Walton's. However the innermost embedded narrative in this novel is the story the monster tells to Frankenstein as this is in the central part. Shelley has been very clever writing this novel because within it there are several stories and several points of view within the telling of these stories. Walton, Victor and the monster each tell their own stories. From the start of the monster's narrative (Chapter 11) he is, from birth constantly developing at a rapid pace. He is similar to a human being in a way that he cannot remember his first moments of life. However his differences are alarming because he can vaguely remember his discovery of sensations and his awareness of senses. Also, the short time it takes for the monster to distinguish between these senses is quite remarkable. The first sensation in the monster's memory is when light hits his eyes when he awakes, but how it becomes dark when he shuts his eyes. ...read more.


'Plutarch's Lives' has a very different effect on the monster than 'Sorrows of Werter', he learns 'high-thoughts. He becomes raised beyond the misery of his own condition by stories of heroes of the past. Like Werter, he feels great empathy for the characters in 'Plutarch's Lives.' The third book and possibly the most important for tracing the monster's development is 'Paradise Lost'. It is an epic poem by John Milton (published in 1674) based on the story of the creation as told in Genesis. The structure of the poem is in Iambic pentameter and it does not rhyme. 'Paradise Lost' explains why the monster had earlier referred to hell when describing the old shepherd's hut. Awareness of 'Paradise Lost' is crucial to understanding the monsters psyche as this is what motivates him to demand a female companion from Victor. The importance of 'Paradise Lost' when tracing the change and development of the monster is immense because during his narrative he is constantly linking himself with Adam although he knows he is different. Adam was perfect and loved by God; he was left abandoned by Victor without an 'Eve' to comfort him. He sees himself as 'wretched, helpless and alone', this making him think that he could possibly be connected with Satan, (another idea from 'Paradise Lost') this making him envious of mankind. While he links himself with Adam, he also connects Victor with God. He truly believes the Genesis story. The reading of this story also controls the way the monster speaks. ('Pandaemonium appeared to the daemons of hell') Another circumstantial discovery changed the monster dramatically when he found some papers in the pocket of a dress, which he took from the laboratory when he was born. He previously neglected them but now that he could read English he managed to understand them and realised that it was his creator's journal, written during the four months he was being made. ...read more.


After the death the monster felt he had succeeded a great triumph and celebrated by clapping his hands. He now knew that he could hurt Victor by killing those that he loved and he increasingly wants him to feel the same misery he does. The monster seems to be constantly becoming more satanic. He gazes at William Frankenstein's body and notices a glittering necklace; inside it contained a portrait of Victor's mother Caroline. For a few moments the picture attracts him until his rage returns, remembering he has been deprived of the delights that such a woman could give because of his ugliness he changes his view of the portrait to one of disgust. He takes the necklace and retreats the area to find a secluded shelter. He enters a barn and found a woman lying asleep on a bed of straw. He approached her and tried to wake her, she stirred and he suddenly realised that if she awakened he might be blamed for the murder. The monster decided to make the woman (Justine) suffer for what he has done. Thanks to the injustice he has seen in the world (e.g., Felix's exile, the wrongful shooting of the monster) he was able to cause mischief by placing the portrait in a fold of Justine's dress. We finally find out here what happened to Justine and that Victor's family was right to claim that she would never harm William. The monster's narrative ends with him describing how he sometimes 'haunted' the place of William's death just for a chance to see Victor or to think about ending his own life. His last few sentences are in direct conversation to Victor when he offers a deal. He insists on having a companion as deformed as he is so that she would not deny herself to him. He tells Victor that this companion must be of the same species and have the same defects. Throughout his embedded story one of the only things which have remained the same about the monster's character is the need for a companion. He desperately needs an Eve. 11 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Mary Shelley section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Mary Shelley essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Compare the two chapters which describe the creation of Frankenstein(TM)s monster.

    4 star(s)

    He portrays this desperation of companionship by asking his creator (Victor) to create him a 'female friend', he also shows his love for others by helping the DeLacey family who are very disadvantaged. The monster is not born evil; he learnt to be from the people who turned their backs on him when he was most in need.

  2. Frankenstein essay

    This means that in its view Frankenstein is its father. This means that the monster reaches out to him for comfort and shelter. "...one hand was stretched out," This quote shows the monster reaching for Frankenstein. However Shelley deliberately leaves the action open for interpretation as an animal attack to

  1. Frankenstein's Monster: Monster or victim

    In the novel there are five narratives, two from Walton, two from Victor and one from the creature itself. The first from Walton is an epistolary narrative where he relates to his sister "Victor's tale". The second is Victor narrating directly to Walton, onboard the ship about his life and how he made the creature.

  2. How is the creature presented in chapters 11-16 of Frankenstein?

    A baby will also have these qualities when he/she enters the world for the first time. So this quotation shows how Mary Shelley compares the monster to a new born baby. She has done this because it's another way to convey that the comments which were made by Frankenstein are just opinions not facts.

  1. Describe the relationship between Victor Frankenstein and his monster.

    He rushes to his bedroom to try and sleep to get over the outcome of creating life. The monster goes out into the public and is distressed by what people think of him. He wonders why they don't want to look at him.

  2. Frankenstien essay

    of words such as 'dreary night', 'dismally' and 'candle was nearly burnt out'. These all set the scene and we know that this is a traditional Gothic background with low lighting and bleakness. Frankenstein succeeds in infusing the frame he has constructed with life: the creature's dull yellow eyes open and it breathes.

  1. Frankenstein essay

    As he travels back to Geneva to comfort his grieving family- he catches a glimpse of the creature in a thunderstorm among the rocky boulders of the mountains, and is convinced that it killed William. He then returns to his family, only to learn that a faithful, well respected and adored maid called Justine has been accused of the murder.

  2. Victor Frankenstein is a morally reprehensive character. Discuss this with reference to the following ...

    He tried to make him beautiful, but instead made him look terribly ugly and more like an ogre than a human being. Although Frankenstein blamed society for not accepting the monster, it was he that made him look so terrifying.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work