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Frankenstein How does the Mary Shelly create a gothic atmosphere in chapter 5 especially?

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Introduction

Frankenstein Q. How does the Mary Shelly create a gothic atmosphere in chapter 5 especially? "It was on a dreary night of November that I beheld the accomplishment of my toils". This is the first sentence from chapter 5 and was originally the first sentence of Shelly's novel, this tells us that from the start she created a gothic atmosphere with the adjective `dreary` adding effect to the fact it was November night, which would be seen as cold and dark. This was the night that the monster was created which already gives it a frightening and eerie touch to the atmosphere. The room is dark with only "a candle" that is almost "burnt out" giving a dim light that shall soon die as the monster is born representing a dramatic beginning and end. "I saw the dull yellow eye". In this chapter there is a climax of horror as Victor finally animates the "creature" with "the spark of life" but "the wretch" that he had created and calls it a "catastrophe" immediately horrifies him. ...read more.

Middle

Frankenstein is full of fear and guilt and on the night of the monsters creation he has a disturbing dream of Elizabeth morphing into a dead corpse as she ages rapidly "they became livid with the hue of death". The use of the dreams adds a supernatural element to the story but allows Shelly to explore and expose the unconscious world. Victor is obviously tormented and his nightmare seems to suggest that whatever he touched will end in death or destruction. "Morning, dismal and wet", no change since the night as the monster is still alive so is the awful weather. When Frankenstein awoke he glanced upon "the church of Ingolstadt", Churched represent a holy and pure place as the house of God where no evil is allowed to enter, Frankenstein may have felt safe there. Shelly gave a very affective imagery of the scene, which definitely creates a gothic atmosphere "rain which poured from a black and comfortless sky". ...read more.

Conclusion

This shows that Frankenstein was lacking friendship, which drove him to a mental breakdown as companionship is a human need however he has taken this away from the "creature". It is Elizabeth seen as his love that makes his day more cheerful showing that he needs to feel loved as a human and not forgotten which also something he has taken away from his creation that he can relate with. The chapter ends with a different view on the "creature" as it is now seen as an evil mistake and a "catastrophe" where as it was previously seen as a scientific breakthrough and something exciting. This idea makes people at the time think of how science may be investigated and bring evil upon us. The "creature" is not mentioned in the final part of the chapter however it is in Frankenstein's mind and also in ours as we know that he exists which makes people want to read on in an urge to know what happens next. By David Warrilow ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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