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''Frankenstein is perceived as a horror story. When we analyse the 'monster', however, the story becomes much more complex. Discuss this statement with close reference to Shelley's presentation of the 'monster' in the novel.

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Introduction

''Frankenstein is perceived as a horror story. When we analyse the 'monster', however, the story becomes much more complex. Discuss this statement with close reference to Shelley's presentation of the 'monster' in the novel. Frankenstein is a novel with great hidden depths and a whole new outlook on life itself. Frankenstein was written in 1818 by Mary Shelley. The novel was a deep insight to a number of things, this including the gothic period. In her 1831 introduction to the novel, Shelley declared her desire to 'curdle the blood, and quicken the beatings of the heart' This was the first of many signals to the reader that Frankenstein should be placed in the genre of the gothic Frankenstein was written with a great 'scare factor' from Gothicism which is part of the Romantic Movement. At that period in time-Gothicism was extremely popular as it was exciting, dark and dramatically horrifying. The book had a tendency to tap into people's fears. It made the impossible become reality and the absurd become believable. However, Frankenstein was much more than just a horror story and because of this, it was written to deal with more complex issues/themes. Frankenstein was written with such great detail and invisible links to more larger arguments. It deals with issues such as; is it right to play God? Is it right to judge on appearances? Also, HOW and WHY a physically hideous murderer is the most sympathetic character in the novel. ...read more.

Middle

However, Shelley also makes the monster the most physically repulsive character in the novel so why is he the most sympathetic? This is simply because he was never asked to be created and is now living a life of loneliness and misery. He feels as though he has to seek revenge on the rest of the world as he has been treated so barbarically and wants to take out his anger in his own individual way. Even though the way in which he decides to take out his anger is horrifyingly wrong - the reader seems to have the ability to understand and why he has done such things-they begin to empathise with him. The monster speaks a great deal about 'revenge' after he has been created. The reason for this however is because he wants to compensate for his own torment. " I gazed on my victim and my heart swelled with exultation and hellish triumph...this death will carry despair to him and a thousand other miseries shall torment and destroy him." - The monster describes his feelings on the murder of William -He delights in his power and enjoys revenge but acknowledges its evil. The part in the quotation where the monster says; "I gazed on my victim" outlines the fact that the monster is aware he has murdered and done wrong as he refers to William as his 'victim'. The monster feels that the only way out of his inner-torture is if he has a wife created to share his life with him, away from the rest of the world in the Swiss Alps. ...read more.

Conclusion

His interest in 'heaven and earth' seemed to take a cynical twist. Victor seemed convinced he could be God on earth if he had the scientific knowledge of how to create a human. The story of Victor and his creation represent Shelley's attempt to present many of these issues in literary form. Just like Victor, Shelley's life was filled with death. She was born in 1797 and later died in 1851 at the age of 53. She wrote the novel when she was only 18 and still grieving over the death of her mother who died giving birth to her. This resulted in her feeling a huge guilt over the death of her mother whilst growing up. However, this was not the only major loss Shelley lived through. She also had to deal with the death of her first love-Percy. Her sister fanny and her 1st child. Mary would dream of her baby coming back to life and eventually it inspired her to write a novel. However, it started as just a tale-for enjoyment. Shelley combined hers (and her mothers) enthusiasm and the French revolution into the 'tale'. And created the character of a child murderer that made the audience empathise with him. The monster was Mary's loneliness made flesh. The novel was a nightmarish reflection of Mary's life. A life filled with loneliness where sadness turned to fury. Just like the monster-Shelley was an outcaste of the community and this gradually affected her whole personality. Her life was filled with misery and she suffered great depression. Shelley's enthusiasm for science and the French revolution meant she was used to seeing corpses. ...read more.

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