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Frankenstein - Mary Shelley creates an atmosphere of horror in chapter five by using frightening descriptions and language.

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Introduction

FRANKENSTEIN Mary Shelley creates an atmosphere of horror in chapter five by using frightening descriptions and language. Her intentions were to write a ghost story that would make the reader's blood curdle and their heart beat fast. She uses gothic by using scientific discovery. Electricity was discovered round the time when Mary was alive and she shows that it creates life. Mary starts building up the atmosphere of horror from the beginning. She sets the chapter in the month of November which is a month of death and decay. "A dreary night in November". The weather is also associated with the setting. When weather is used to reflect what will happen in the story it is known as pathetic fallacy. ...read more.

Middle

The way Mary Shelley describes the movement of the monster is daunting. "A convulsive motion agitated its limbs." Frankenstein has feelings of anxiety that almost turned to agony when he infused a spark of electricity into the creature to create life within it. Frankenstein had a wild dream that disturbed him. He dreams he sees Elizabeth and imprints the first kiss on her lips. This is supposed to be the kiss of life but instead it is the kiss of death. When he wakes up he sees the thing he produced is a "wretch" and "a miserable monster". He said the monster "muttered some inarticulate sounds. Shelley makes the creature seem terrifying as she says Frankenstein "escaped" it. ...read more.

Conclusion

They show he was frightened and make the reader feel this way. Mary Shelley uses irony because Frankenstein's physical behaviour and his actions mimic that of the creature who also moves in convulsions. In addition to this, Mary Shelley has descriptions of nature in chapter five that are very negative and ugly. "Dim and yellow light of the moon....forced its way through the window shudders". The tone of chapter five begins by being a tone of dismal and disgust, but after Frankenstein's gruesome nightmare , it becomes apprehensive and cowardly. The way Mary uses repetition of words like "beautiful" shows sarcasm. I can conclude that having mentioned all her methods, Mary Shelley has created an atmosphere of horror in chapter five of her novel. By using language and negative descriptions she can make the reader feel frightened and scared like Frankenstein was after his nightmare. She has achieved her intentions of writing a petrifying ghost story. ...read more.

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