• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

From reading 'A Christmas Carol' I have discovered many things about Victorian London, Dickens and the dramatic personality change in Scrooge over the two-day period.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"A Christmas Carol" From reading 'A Christmas Carol' I have discovered many things about Victorian London, Dickens and the dramatic personality change in Scrooge over the two-day period. I am going to write about the interesting ideas I have depicted from the story involving Scrooge, Victorian London and Dickens. How does Scrooge change over the 2 days? Scrooge begins the story as a cold, heartless mean with no compassion or sentiment; "External heat and cold had little influence on Scrooge. No warmth could warm, no wintry weather chill him." We adapt a negative opinion of Scrooge from the start. He is a typical miser and a cynic, and constantly refrains by saying "Humbug." Scrooge sees everything to do with Christmas as a trick; this is why he is constantly replying with "Humbug." He sees the world as a "World of Fools." This was bought about by St. Paul; he said 'it is necessary to be fool in order to be wise.' He hates Christmas and refuses to give any portion of his wealth to the needy and less fortunate. He is a capitalist and a businessman who is anti-life; when asked if he would give some money to the poor for Christmas, and is told if they did not receive the money they might die, he replies "if they would rather die they had better do it and, decrease the surplus population" Scrooge turns everything that is good on its head. ...read more.

Middle

Dickens describes him as "fluttered and glowing with good intentions." He gives a huge turkey to the Cratchits and wishes everyone a Merry Christmas, the reverse to what he was like before. Scrooge even promises a huge amount of money to the Charity man; he is a changed man. He has a total change in his personality; he even plays a joke on Bob pretending to be miserly and then lights a large fire and helps Tiny Tim. Scrooge loses respect from his colleagues after using most of his money on charities. What picture do we get of Victorian London? We get a vivid description of Victorian London and the customs practiced in London during the 19th Century. Poverty is widespread, being of the middle class is popular and a small population holds the large potion of wealth. Social class dictates life and there is seldom movement within the classes basically everyone is out for themselves. Dickens gives a classical description of the London streets. There was no tinsel, but lots of greenery. All the shops were open until lunchtime on Christmas Day, because servants had to work to prepare Christmas lunch, Bakers, for example, worked a half-day on Christmas day cooking the Goose. From Dickens descriptions it was a strongly Christian society. No one would marry young, it was thought that you had to live life first and then marry. ...read more.

Conclusion

The reason for this strong message was because of Dickens' own background. He lived in poverty (like the Crachit's) and he was sent to the blacking factory whilst his family went to the debtor's prison. He starts the story with "Once upon a time..." making it feel like a fairy tale but also being very accurate. He has great presence in his writing, he is almost writing a moral fable. He chats with his audience creating a humorous relationship between himself and his audience. Dickens also veers from the main story line and goes into tangents of a philosophical or descriptive nature, which I feel reflects his thoughts while writing the book. He ends the story with a reference to God, "God Bless us everyone," this may or may not be a reflection on Dickens believes but it did obviously have some significance otherwise he would not have ended the story in this way. The Moral of the book is Christmas is the symbol of everything that is good. Which is what Dickens wanted to promote, involving his idealisation of Christmas being about children. Dickens changed the meaning of Christmas to what we know it as today. In 1815, Christmas was not an important event for children. Jane Austen writes about a couple going to stay with relatives for Christmas, she obviously saw Christmas as not being an important time for children, which in 1815 it was not. However, Dickens soon changed this and Christmas today is now centred about children, which is what Dickens wanted to achieve. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE A Christmas Carol section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE A Christmas Carol essays

  1. Examine how dickens uses the supernatural as a vehicle for change in 'A Christmas ...

    Scrooges astonishment and the use of the word disused conjures a picture in the readers mind suggesting that this bell cannot ring, this making the reader want to know why it is doing so?

  2. A Christmas Carol - Marley's Ghost.

    'You must have been very slow about it, Jacob,' Scrooge observed in a business-like manner, though with humility and deference. 'Slow!' the Ghost repeated. 'Seven years dead,' mused Scrooge. 'And travelling all the time?' 'The whole time,' said the Ghost.

  1. How Does Dickens Convey His Moral Message In a Christmas Carol?

    This is described in stave three, when 'the ghost of Christmas Present' visits Scrooge. Then in stave four, when 'the ghost of Christmas yet To Come' returns Scrooge to the house, all he sees is an empty chair and a crutch.

  2. "What is Dickens message in 'A Christmas Carol' and how does he make it?"

    Scrooge becomes withdrawn and disturbed when the ghost throws Scrooges previous own words back in his face saying, "If he be like to die, had better do it, and decrease the surplus population". Scrooge is instantly ashamed of his ill-considered words and is "overcome with penitence and grief".

  1. What have you learnt about Victorian society from your reading of Dickenss novel A ...

    This is expressed through the conversation between Scrooge and the Ghost of Christmas Present: "There are some upon this earth of yours...who lay claim to know us, and who do their deeds ...in our name, who are as strange to us and all our kith and kin, as if they had never lived.

  2. Why is 'A Christmas Carol'' still such a popular story today?

    The Muppets have done a fantastic job of recreating the story and is told by two Muppets who follow scrooge around the story commentating to the scenes that need playing. Also a major part that has changed is the language; this version has got rid of confusing and mind baffling

  1. The novel 'A Christmas Carol', by Charles

    The first signs of Scrooge changing were when he saw his former self, hunched in a corner reading. He feels pity for himself. 'Poor boy!' 'There was a boy singing a Christmas carol at my door last night. I should have liked to have given him something: that's all' He starts to regret how he had acted before.

  2. What is Dickens social commentary of Victorian England in A Christmas Carol?

    with 'Merry Christmas' on his lips should be boiled with his own pudding, and buried with a stake of holly through his heart. He should!" This quote shows that Scrooge is saying that Christmas is worse than any normal day because presents have to be given and money has to be spent.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work