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Golding wrote that the civilisation on the island breaks down in blood and terror because the boys are suffering from the terrible disease of being human(TM)(TM). What do you think Golding is saying about human nature and ev

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Introduction

Lord of the Flies Golding wrote that the civilisation on the island 'breaks down in blood and terror because the boys are suffering from the terrible disease of being human''. What do you think Golding is saying about human nature and evil in this novel? William Golding's Lord of the Flies shows allegorically the inherent evil that lies inside every human being. Each character and symbol renders this possible by what it represents. Ralph and Jack are opposing leaders and represent different sides of human nature and society. Jack as the dictator and hunter with his spear sharpened at both ends and Ralph as the democratic leader with the conch. The 'terrible disease of being human' is revealed to be the capability of all humans to do evil, also known as 'original sin'. It is something we possess from birth and is a result of the sins of our ancestors. Golding uses British schoolboys on an idealic tropical island to show the shocking degeneration of well bred, innocent children into wild savages. By writing about children, Golding dispels all speculation that savagery is limited to adults. Golding later said 'When children go wrong they can often go wrong with a vengeance'. ...read more.

Middle

Golding describes inherent evil as 'mankind's essential illness' to show that it is not limited to specific people but humans from all walks of life. Simon has fierce determination to climb the mountain and reveal the truth about the beast. Having worked out that it is just a dead parachutist he proceeds down the mountain and is killed in the frenzy of the tribal dance. He knows that 'the beast is harmless and horrible; and the news must reach the others as soon as possible.' He is a martyr, dying for the truth and this reveals humanity's barbarism and its battle against civilisation and truth. The severed pig's head on a stick is offered to the beast as a sacrifice as gratitude for a successful hunt. This shows that the boys, although ordered by Jack to forget the beast, have enough respect for it to make it into a god-like figure worthy of a sacrifice. There are similarities between the way the boys treat this deity and the way some of them seem to idolise Jack. He is a 'lord' over them and they are his 'flies'. The way Simon communicates with the Lord of the Flies, with its 'school master's' voice represents the voice of authority in Simon's head. ...read more.

Conclusion

The boys are rescued by a navy officer and only at this point, when they see an adult from a world beyond the island, do they realise the atrocities that have taken place. 'Ralph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of man's heart'. It is this 'darkness of man's heart' which Golding later described as the 'terrible disease of being human'. Golding once said, in talking about thoughts on utopia and the living in a perfect society: 'If they are to be treated as anything but trivial exercises of the imagination, we have to say to ourselves, how would I myself live in this proposed society? How long would it be before I went stark staring mad?' He is therefore saying that it is impossible for perfection to be achieved without the basic human instinct of evil to take hold. Golding believed that the natural state for humans is one of chaos and evil and once reason is abandoned only the most powerful can survive. On the surface, the story of young boys on an island seems to be an idealic adventure story, but before long the boys descend into savagery with devastating consequences. ?? ?? ?? ?? October 18th 2006 GCSE Coursework Sondos Ibrahim ...read more.

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