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Great Expectation

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Introduction

'Great Expectations' Discuss how Dickens establishes the identity of young Pip at the start of the novel. Charles Dickens wrote the novel 'Great Expectations.' 'Great Expectations,' is a novel about the Protagonist Pip, who wants to become a gentleman. The novel was written in 1860-1861 and was a great success. The themes in the novel are class; class plays an important part in this novel because we see a class difference between Miss Havisham and Joe. The theme of education is also important in the novel. The term Bildungsroman refers to a novel of all-round self-development, which is what we see in Pip. It is, most generally, the story of a single individual's growth and development within the context of a defined social order. The novel conforms to this genre as it is about Pip's development and maturity. Dickens' explores various aspects of Victorian England, for example class and the Penal system, through the character of the convict. 'Great Expectations' is Pip's autobiography. The effect of Pip's first-person narration is that it evokes sympathy in the reader for Pip when he describes how he feels throughout the novel. In Chapter One of 'Great Expectations' we learn about Pips family. Pip is an orphan, "Philip Pirrip, late of this parish, and also Georgiana wife of the above, were dead and buried." We learn that Pip had five older brothers who had all passed away. ...read more.

Middle

And what thick boots!" this is one of many examples where Estella describes Pip in a negative way. On the other hand, Miss Havisham is described like a queen, "Some bright jewels sparkled on her neck and on her hands," this suggests how rich Miss Havisham was. We also learn she is rich because, "she was dressed in rich materials-satins, and lace, and silks-all of white." Miss Havisham's opinion of men is not good, she wants Estella to be rude and cruel to men and boys, for example when Mr Pumblechook came to drop Pip, Estella was so rude to him, saying, "Miss Havisham doesn't want to talk to you." Pip had never realised to ashamed he was of his hands. "I had never thought of being ashamed of my hands before..." Estella makes him look differently at his hands and boots and Pip becomes ashamed of himself. Finally, Dickens allows the reader to feel sympathy for the young Pip though first person narration, " as I cried I kicked the wall and took a hard twist at my hair, so bitter were my feelings." As this is a personal narration, it allows the reader to understand how ashamed Pip feels about himself Pip feels. We feel more sympathy for Pip, as we know that it is an old Pip talking about his sad young life. Overnight Pip's opinion on himself had changed, he now recognises that he is working class. ...read more.

Conclusion

The older Pip is narrating how he regrets his dissatisfaction with life as a young boy as he is now more mature, and he regrets how he treated Joe. Pip's maturity links to the Bildiengsroman genre. The older Pip feels that his younger self was ungrateful, "and I would feel more ashamed of home than ever, in my own ungracious breast." Pip explains how he is looking back at his past and is now regretting his life, as he was so spiteful to Joe. This section of the novel is connected to the Bildungroman genre, as Pip's desire is to get out of the working class and become a gentleman, links to the tradition of education. Pip matures and develops. Pip's maturity and self-development shows us he has changed into an older Pip. In the novel of 'Great Expectations' there are significant differences in Pip between the beginning and end of volume one of 'Great Expectations.' For example at the beginning of the novel Pip doesn't really know much about working class but because of Estella he begins to desire to become a gentlemen and wants to become of the higher class. The relationship between Joe and Pip changes dramatically after Pip goes and visits Miss Havisham and Estella. The first person narration allows us to feel very sympatric for the Pip because he explains to us how he feels. Education in Victorian England was very poor for the working class. 'Great Expectations' is linked to the Bildungsroman genre as it is about Pip's self-development. ...read more.

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