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great expectations

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Introduction

Roxanne Slevin 10LT Coursework Mrs Barker Great expectations by Charles Dickens Q: Explore Pip's relationship with Magwitch and how it changes throughout the novel. Charles Dickens shows in his writing that he was affected by his life experiences. Dickens concentrates in his writing how children are treated in the Victorian times showing that he didn't like how children were seen but not heard, and how poorly they were treated, like himself when he was young. His life experiences included working in a blacking factory, which was hard labour work with very little pay, but he was forced to do it because of his father's debt, which his father went to prison for. However when the Dickens family was out of debt, Charles' mother (Elizabeth Dickens) still made him go to work. Although, after a few years he returned to school, he never forgot the experience and referred to it in two of his well known novels; David Copperfield and Great Expectations. His interest in the theatre is also conveyed in his novels he uses long detailed and descriptive sentences and words to show what a perspective or scene is like, almost as if he is painting a picture with words, he also structures his writing to include really dramatic effects in his novels, as Victorians didn't have the technology to see pictures then. Dickens also learnt how his career as a journalist made him wealthy, which he enjoyed as he didn't have the money when he was younger, and as he got older he wrote more and more. ...read more.

Middle

Dickens uses repetition to create an effect, emphasising a feeling that Pip is experiencing, which is that he feels troubled and frustrated. In various moments of the novel, the characters of Pip and Magwitch show the characters are in complete contrast; at other points they are similar. When the characters are introduced, Magwitch is presented as a fearful man, who appears very violent, for example "seized me." In addition Magwitch speaks extremely roughly, with a colloquial, uneducated accent. For instance "Pint out the place," and "You go from my words in any partickler." On the other hand, in contrast to this; Pip is represented as a polite, pitiful and imaginative little boy, who has learnt to use manners. This is shown by: "O! Don't cut my throat, sir," and "Pray don't do it, sir." Pip is the complete opposite to Magwitch to arouse the reader's sympathy, and to position the reader with Pip against the convict. Later on in the novel, it is like Magwitch and Pip have swapped roles. As Pip gets older he becomes more and more the higher class gentleman, and his attitude towards more common people becomes ruder and more snobbish. Whereas, as Magwitch grows older, he becomes more pitiful, grateful and prouder, this is similar to how Pip acted as a child. The beginning of the novel then structures the whole of the novel, by introducing lots of different charters that intertwine in each other, Dickens makes all of the characters connect with each ...read more.

Conclusion

Metaphors are used to create the effect of speaking of one thing in terms of another to enable the reader to picture what Dickens is saying. Dickens also uses similes eg "In all of which particulars he was very like a dog." Similes are used to create the effect of a clearer image. Dickens uses onomatopoeia, for example; "gust" and "blast" the effect is to make descriptions of sound even more real. Dickens also uses sentence length to make it more effective. By using simple sentences, he creates the effect of being memorable in their simplicity. For example "So, I called myself Pip, and came to be called Pip." He also uses longer sentences, like when he is describing something eg scenery, the effect of this is to stretch the imagination of the reader, to provide extra layers of meaning and to add sophistication to the style of writing. What Dickens wanted to achieve is this novel is to make people realise that children should be treated properly and they can be affected by their past, it may shape their future, but also that the unexpected can happen. Through his novel he makes a strong moral statement, which he does this by using various techniques to entertain the reader for example, humour, memories, repetition etc, which his intention is to make people think. The novel ends ambiguously with a hint that Pip and Estella will never be parted again, so he leaves you to make your own mind up in what happens. ...read more.

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