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Great expectations

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Great Expectations By Charles Dickens Great Expectations is a novel which was written by Charles Dickens. It took from 1st December 1860 to August 1861 to completely publish the story, as two chapters per week was published to keep the readers interested and also to make money. It is known as one the greatest and most sophisticated novels around the world. The novel is about a boy called Pip who is an orphan, he was born in Victorian England and lives with his sister and brother in-law Joe Gargery. He meets a convict in the graveyard who threatens to kill him. Charles Dickens skilfully catches the reader's attention and sympathy in the few pages; he introduces several major themes and he creates a mood of mystery in a lonely setting, and gets the plot moving quickly. The characters that this opening chapter introduces are Phillip Pirrip (shortened to Pip). Pips father Pirrip and Pips mother Georgina (parents are dead). Pips brothers Alexander, Bartholomew, Abraham, Tobias and Roger (brothers are dead as there was not very good health care available). Pips sister and brother in-law Joe Gargery. ...read more.


In this chapter the weather is rainy. This tells us that it is cold by the way the weather is described. The weather mimics the characters emotions. This is a technique called pathetic fallacy. This makes the reader feel anxious because of the weather being cold, wet and damp and at the same time Pip is being threatened by his life. The chapter starts of being neglected because of the way the churchyard is treated "this bleak place overgrown with nettles was the churchyard" also it makes it mysterious due to the fact that it is in the church and it is set in the evening. The fear and tension are built when a filthy looking convict appears out of nowhere and picks on Pip, by hanging him upside down and talking about eating Pips cheeks. But Charles Dickens releases that fear and tension by adding humour. "Where's your mother?" Pip replies saying "there sir". The convict starts to realise that Pip was pointing at the gravestone, later realising that his mother was dead. By adding humour this stops the reader feeling that this is a depressing novel, but he later adds fear and tension back into the reader. ...read more.


He uses the cliff-hanger to grab the reader's attention and to make the reader want to read on, also he emphasises the fact that Pip is going to take the biggest decision in his life. Charles Dickens wants to make money as the Victorian times were tough times. Also the novel is part published so Dickens needs to grab the reader's attention so they could buy the next chapter. The questions that arise in the readers minds are Will Pip choose the road to safety or the road to death Is there another convict? The techniques Dickens has used to ensure that the reader will read on are, humour to take the tension and the fear of the reader's mind but he creates the tension and fear back as Pip has to make a decision whether it is a road to safety or death. He introduces the characters at the start of the chapter so that we could get familiar with them. Also he sets the plot at a mysterious place in a graveyard. The time he sets is the evening and the weather is rainy and cold. These surely will grab the reader's attention which will bring the reader to read another chapter. ...read more.

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