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Great expectations

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Introduction

Jazz Copping Charles Dickens, Great Expectations Introduction. Great Expectations, written by Charles Dickens is the novel I have been reading and analysing. Charles Dickens has used his childhood memories for this story but this book also shows the effects of society. Pip, fully named Philip Pirrip, is the protagonist of the story. The novel takes us through Pips life, from being 'a common labouring boy' to 'a gentleman'. Sympathy is caused by a lot of the happenings in Pips life however we also become distanced from the narrator of the book. Pip is an innocent boy who has been brought up to respect his elders and betters. Pip has been an orphan for many years of his life, and is now cared for by his bitter sister, Mrs Joe and his affectionate brother-in-law, Joe. They all live together on the Thames marshes; the Thames marshes are bleak and largely uninhabited. Pip's relatives are buried in a graveyard near Pip's house, and he regularly visits them. Pip is very un-educated and so cannot read what it says on their tombstones, we feel sympathetic towards Pip for not being able to read what it says. Pip goes to the graveyard and gets greeted by a 'fearful man dressed in coarse grey'; the large frightening man seizes hold of Pip and threatens him verbally. He then turns Pip upside down to empty his pockets. ...read more.

Middle

In this chapter Mrs.Joe is mean and hypocritical, and she becomes an even less sympathetic character. When everybody is sat around the table, Pip is squeezed into a corner and had 'the Pumblechookian elbow in his eye'. For Pip this must have been emotionally and physically un-comfortable. Pip is waiting for the revelation of the robbery whilst eating the food. The author uses the robbery and the condescending nature of the visitors to create pity for Pip in this chapter of his life. Pips invitation to Satis' house was unexpected, Pip soon realises that Satis' house has a strange inhabitant: Miss Havisham. As Pip arrives he feels insulted by Estella as she welcomes him into the house. Estella leads Pip by candlelight to Miss Havisham. Pips feelings quickly change as he meets Miss Havisham. Miss Havisham is dressed as a bride and wearing a wedding ring but everything in the room is aged and faded. All the watches and clocks in the house are stopped at twenty minutes to nine. Dickens creates sympathy for Pip by making the house sound dark and dismal, as Pip was probably not expecting anything like what it is like. Estella and Miss Havisham both treat Pip like a lower class; the way they do this is by constantly calling him 'boy' and making Pip eat his food outside like 'a dog in disgrace'. ...read more.

Conclusion

At the party Drummle begins to boast and behave in an unpleasant manner. Jaggers soon realises that Drummle is trouble and nicknames him spider. Charles Dickens uses the adjectives 'idle' 'proud' 'niggardly' and 'suspicious' to describe Drummle. The author uses negative vocabulary to manipulate the reader about Drummle. We get the impression that all Drummle wants is attention and that also Dickens has created the character to be disliked. After the party Pip goes and says his apologies to Jaggers, this shows that Pip is transforming into a Gentleman. Pip receives a letter from Biddy, to say that Joe is coming to London. Pip doesn't want Joe to visit and says 'Not with pleasure'. Pip has become ashamed of his background and so doesn't want Joe to visit. Joe's visit is embarrassing and awkward as the blacksmith feels out of place. Joe upsets Pip by calling him 'Sir'. Joe feels awkward like he did in Miss Havisham's house, he fiddles with his hat and looks around the room and clearly displays his nerves, which creates a tense atmosphere. Dickens uses Joe's visit to make the readers feel distanced from the main character as Pip has become a snob and has begun to deceive himself. Joe refuses Pip's invitation to dinner and suggests that Pip would see him in a better light if he visited the forge. Dickens creates sympathy towards Pip however we still feel slightly distanced from the protagonist of the novel. Pip feels upset by Joe's sudden departure but also feels ashamed of Joe and his background. ...read more.

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