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Great expectations

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Analyse how the writer creates a distinct mood and atmosphere in chapter one and chapter thirty nine of the novel "Great Expectations"? Charles Dickens is a 19th century writer which affects his writing and language used within the novel. He has also written many other famous books such as "Oliver Twist", "The Christmas carols", and "David Copperfield". The Dickens family were of middleclass status and had sturdy finances until the father was unable to manage their money efficiently and was briefly sent to Prison. During this time, Charles was also punished for his father's mistakes. The young Charles was forced to quit school and was sent to work in a 'warrens blacking factory' for a few months, earning an unsatisfactory wage which was just enough to ensure his basic survival. Charles experienced poverty at first hand and for many years he was rather disturbed by that short episode of his life. However, it was the ever present memories of those difficult periods of his life which enabled Charles to write with such considerate feeling about some subjects in his novels. Much of Dickens' writing was based around life and hardships of the poor, as he was once poor himself. The novel, 'Great Expectations' is set in London in the 19th century. It is about a young boy called Pip, ambitious to become a gentleman; He starts off as a na�ve, innocent, young boy growing up in a working class family who is then tainted by wealth, desire and pride. In the novel, Philip Pirrip or Pip is the protagonist who expects great things from life. As the writer, Charles Dickens, worked in a 'warrens blacking factory' he knew what life was like to live as a working class. This influenced his writing of Pip being a blacksmith, who goes to London leaving his working class status developing the expectation to grow on to a higher class status, however he finds out human values are much more important than pride and wealth. ...read more.

Middle

Pips reaction also helps build tension, as Magwitch was clearly not expecting Pip to react in this way, and Magwitch showing up was a big surprise and the fact that if he is caught he'll face the death penalty also helps build tension. Dickens presents Pip in two completely different ways is each chapter. In chapter 1 Pip is presented as I vulnerable lonely little boy, he is determined and brave, and also polite and respectful, and as the reader we are made to feel sympathetic towards him. It tells us early in the novel how Pip wanted to become a gentleman because he was in love with Estella and he wanted to be equal and worthy or her so they could be together, this shows us his determination of how he longed to make a man of himself. Pips bravery is shown when meeting Magwitch, he doesn't try to run away and when Magwitch asks him to get him the things what he needs Pip does so, and doesn't run away from him yet again. This tells us that Pip was morally upstanding, and makes us like him and feels sympathetic. Then in chapter 39 a completely different side of Pip is portrayed. He is made to seem snobbish, and when He meets Magwitch he is shocked and disgusted by his presence, and doesn't try to hide his abhorrence towards Magwitch, simply telling him to "stay!" and "keep off!" when Magwitch tries to embrace him, showing Pip still see's him at the desperate common criminal he was all those years ago. This creates tension, as Pip makes the situation awkward and discomforting, and starts to give the impression he's not going to help Magwitch, which leaves the reader on edge asking the question will he or won't he? Pip is also shown as slightly arrogant and boastful, as he boasts to Magwitch about his life saying "I've done wonderful well. ...read more.

Conclusion

Overall Dickens successfully manipulates us as an audience cleverly by using tension and sympathy to constantly change our opinions and views of a character as he wants too, which means he controls the readers feeling towards a certain individual. He uses pathetic fallacy and a range of complex sentences as techniques to change our views on characters, especially Magwitch, even though Magwitch is a convict and committed crimes he are still made to like him, Dickens was poor as a child and would have associated with people like Magwitch, and Magwitch is dickens way of saying even though people are made to do bad things, they can still be kind and caring people. Dickens uses the scene and atmosphere to affect us as readers, using pathetic fallacy to create tension and a build up to the climax of a scene. In chapter 1 and chapter 39 Dickens uses his techniques to create what he wants to create, which is tension and sympathy towards the individuals of his choice. He keeps the reader surprised, as in chapter one Magwitch's emergence wasn't expected and his emergence wasn't expected in chapter 39 either, the way Dickens plays off another story of Miss Havisham being Pips benefactor for him to be worthy to marry Estella keeps the reader off any trail that Magwitch is involved furthermore in the story. The novel was so popular at the time is was written because it was believable and reflects reality of that time, so it's like a drama or a telling or someone's actual life, but in the 21st century it's not believable but still very popular and is still considered one of Dickens most sophisticated and greatest novels, because of the language and techniques used throughout, keeping the reader interesting all the way through and having surprising twists to the plot. Great expectations is a successful novel, with chapter one and chapter 39 being the two most important and having the most authority of the whole story, with chapter one introducing the reader to the twist and chapter 39 revealing it. ?? ?? ?? ?? Prikarean Nagarajah 1184 1 ...read more.

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