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Great Expectations as a Critic Novel

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Introduction

Great Expectations Charles dickens, one of the famous authors in his times, wrote the novel, 'Great expectations' which mirrored the Victorian era. At the time this novel was written, the conditions for the poor in the Victorian era were bad. Gap between rich and poor was large not only in wealth, but also in rights. In Victorian times working conditions for the poor people was bad, but the rich, who lived and enjoyed their life in luxury, had nothing to do with these problems. Furthermore women were seen as almost inferior to men. They had less powers and rights and were expected to 'serve and obey' in front of their husbands. They were separated from the professional and public life. Dickens didn't agree with the social divide among rich and poor, but he believed that women were incapable in owning and managing property and this is seen in his descriptions of satis house. He also explains that Miss Havisham takes the right decision by giving some of her wealth to a male member of her family. Although dickens was sympathetic to many people in society, his attitude towards women resembles to society beliefs at his times. Dickens experienced the poor side of life when he was young, so he used his talent in writing novels to express his arguments and views on the unfair and unjust society in which he lived. ...read more.

Middle

when she first talks to Pip she puts her hand on her chest and asks 'what lies beneath' Pip says her heart but she quickly snaps at him shouting 'Broken!' This shows she is obsessed about letting everyone know about her misery almost as if she gets pleasure from people knowing about her 'pain'. Charles Dickens does this to show just how adversely affected she was by her fianc� leaving her. The buffet was left 'decomposing and yellow' much like miss Havisham has let herself rot and turn yellow. These descriptions symbolize her decay of mind and body. That is how and why Miss Havisham is isolated. Miss Havisham's behaviour is different because she doesn't like society. She is not attached with anyone except Estella. She removes herself from real world and keeps herself away from natural light, which symbolises how she isn't exposed to real world. This we can see when she tells pip that 'Are you not afraid of a women who has not seen the sun since he was born'. So this gives us an idea of Miss Havisham's character by describing the darkness in which she is living. Dickens helps reader to understand the 'isolation' in a visual way. His language is descriptive and he uses imagery as well. ...read more.

Conclusion

Dickens describes miss Havisham's feelings briefly to make the reader realise that how passionate she is towards Estella. In this scene dickens creates sympathy for her and before she dies, dickens explain her as, 'she had some human in her heart and then she dropped on her knees with her folded hands raised to...' as she comes to realise which about what she had done. She not only realises that she had ruined her whole life but also pip's and Estella's and she repents this. When Dickens describes that Miss Havisham repents, he wish to show us that it was possible for a rich to change. His desire to create a better environment and more just society is evident in his treatment of the theme of isolation. Through Estella, he tries to show how one is greatly affected by their environment. He shows how people are products of their environment and not born evil and incapable of change. Dickens also uses Miss Havisham to criticise women who did not live up to his idea of a perfect role model. But here he criticises individual. Although he was sympathetic to many people in society and wished to see more equality, his treatment towards women was less sympathetic due to society's belief at that time where unmarried women were not regarded well as they did not fulfil their role as a wife and mother. ...read more.

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