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Great expectations- chapter 13.

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Great expectations- chapter 13 In the first scene of chapter 13, Pip criticises Joe in his appearance in his Sunday clothes, this occurs in the first paragraph. The first line of the chapter is; "it was a trial to my feelings", referring to Joes clothing, this portrays Pips feelings towards Joes appearance, that he is embarrassed of Joe. In this, Dickens is saying that Joe cannot be higher by putting on a different set of clothes. The clothes he is most comfortable in, are his working clothes, because that is what he is, a respectable worker. Joe is not an upper class man, that dresses smartly and sharply for any occasion, he is a smart, yet simple man. Dickens is saying that clothes do not make the person, which is unlike to what people think in this novel. Pip goes on to describing Joe in such a way that he sounds like a bird, "made the hair on his crown stand up like a tuft of feathers." This adds to Pips embarrassment, but he cannot say anything as Joe is doing this to please Pip, Joe's trying to make himself look better, more "classy", when in fact he is making himself look worse, and more out of place. After Joe and Pip have been let into the house, Joe proceeds to climb the steps in a very awkward manner, ...read more.


The purpose of the visit to Miss Havishams house was to help with Pips apprenticeship to Joe and the indentures. The indentures were the forms which were needed in order for Pip to become an apprentice. Miss Havisham also wanted to thank Pip for coming and to give him some money for his visits to her. At the end of the visit, Joe was still very confused and distracted, on exiting Miss Havisham's room; he proceeded up the stairs instead of down. He was deaf to the calls of Pip, and only realised what he was doing when Pip ran up to him, and grabbed him. Joe's behaviour was shocked, dumbfounded and confused. It also took him a while to recover from this state; it was as if Miss Havisham had drugged him. The fact that Joe had just been in such "distinguished" company, and had just received a large amount of money, had put him into a state of shock. In the first scene, although money was one of the reasons that Miss Havisham invited Pip and Joe to her gothic mansion house, money does not play a very important part in it. Pip's and Joe's attitude towards the money was thankful, but not greedy and obsessive, their moods were not changed on account of the money. ...read more.


While the reader is thinking this, Pip confirms it with introducing each of Pumblechooks comments with criticisms such as "That abject hypocrite, Pumblechook, nodded again, and said, with a patronising laugh." and, "That fearful impostor, Pumblechook." Pumblechooks eagerness in repeating Joe's words can be interpreted in different ways; he could be trying to get Mrs.Joe's attention to try and impress her, or he could be trying to look as involved as Joe for the pure reason of his satisfaction of having something to do with the upper class. Pumblechook displays his arrogance at other times as well, such as when he says, "this boy must be bound, out of hand. That's my way." When Pip was taken to the Town Hall, the crowd of people present all thought he was a criminal, and were urging the court to punish him. One of the people said, "he's a young'un, too, but looks bad, don't he?" this is the stereotypical view of young, poor boys at the time, that they were all petty criminals. People were described as "hanging over the pews, looking on", being very eager to catch a glimpse of this "thief". This shows how closed minded and judgemental people were at the time, and how people feast on other people's unfortune as entertainment. Alex.J ...read more.

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