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"Great Expectations", Examine how the author has captured this symbolic battle and how it has been dramatically linked to Pip's ever changing fortunes.

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Introduction

Dickens employs a rich variety of settings and characters to embody the continual struggle between darkness and light central to his novel "Great Expectations". Examine how the author has captured this symbolic battle and how it has been dramatically linked to Pip's ever changing fortunes. The main concept behind Dickens novel, Great Expectations, is how Pip's fortunes keep dramatically changing, what affects his fortunes and how Pip is influenced by individuals to bring out these completely different sides to Pip throughout the novel. Dickens has also tried to connect the characters with their own background or landscape. Dickens has created many realistic areas in his novel with great detail, describing the surrounding areas. All of these also have a major effect on the nature of Pip's behaviour. Throughout the novel there is a constant battle between light and darkness, almost what is good in life versus the bad aspects of life. Not only does this exist between characters, but it is also struggling inside Pip and certain characters are able to bring out these different sides to Pip. One of the main areas of the novel is the marshland where you first meet Pip and Magwitch. The marshes are an empty, bleak, nothingness, symbolising Pip's future and his feelings at present. "Dark flat wilderness beyond the churchyard" Pip describes the marshland as his own, showing he feels he has no future. ...read more.

Middle

Another key issue of the novel is the mist within the marshland. This mist represents many key issues within characters and comes and goes often in the novel. "Once more, the mists were rising as I walked away." The mist gives the marshland an eerie appearance but mainly represents Pip's understanding and knowledge of the future. When the mist is around the marshes, surrounding Pip, enclosing him into the marshes, he is unsure or uncertain about the future. This happens when Pip senses a bad issue is about to happen. However, when Pip finally realises what is happening or the future is looking good, the mist then clears away, "the mists had all solemnly risen now, and the world lay spread before me" The mist is a very key feature through the novel and has been written in a very knowledgeable way. Another major area, which influences Pip's early life, is Satis House. This house and the residents of the house have a major impact not just on Pip's childhood, but later life too. There are indications that Satis house, once was this beautiful and well kept house, but now has just rotted and warn away, just left, never to be attended to or fixed. "It was so heavily hung with cobwebs that it's form was quite undistinguishable; and, as I looked along the yellow expanse out of which I remember its seeming to grow, like a black fungus" ...read more.

Conclusion

"She had adopted Estella, she had as good as adopted me, and it could not fail to be her intention to bring us together" Pip believed it was their job, to be together and restore light into the walls of Satis house. "She reserved it for me to restore the desolate house, admit the sunshine into the dark rooms" All Pip could think of was Estella, and by doing so gave him enthusiasm and hope for the future, "Estella was the inspiration of it, and the heart of it." However Miss Havisham has kept Estella from sunlight and from leading a normal everyday light, taking all her feeling away from her, which has destroyed her. "that there was such a thing as daylight, but that it was made to be her enemy and destroyer, and she must always turn against it," Estella is also described, as a "Bright star" for future hope. Estella is the light out of the darkness, wanting to lead a normal day life and love but is unable to due to Miss Havisham. Miss Havisham has brought her up to believe all men are cruel and love is guaranteed to fail. Pip's Expectations change a fair few times during the novel and most the time he is unsure or uncertain about his fortunes but Dickens displayed this well with the many themes, surrounding areas and scenery within the novel. Charles Dickens has compiled a novel, clearly illustrated his characters using impressive detail, thought and depth. ...read more.

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