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Great expertations What techniques does Dickens use to present the characters?

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Introduction

Great Expectations What techniques does Dickens use to present the characters? Dicken's uses a variety of techniques in order to present his characters. By doing this it gives us a better and a clearer image of the characters. The first technique I'll consider is his use of language which he uses very well. This technique is used to present his characters very effectively. Dickens aim is to show how physically and mentally destroyed Ms. Havisham is. He does this by surrounding her with images and language of death. The phrase 'corpse-like' tells us this. It shows the audience that Ms. Havisham is half alive yet half dead. That she looks like a corpse. The words 'corpse-like' suggests that Ms. Havisham is the living dead. By using this language it will give the reader an image and idea on how Ms. Havisham looks and feels. Dickens also tells us that she has, 'a dead lull upon her'. This is implying that she no longer has life or energy. She looks like as if she is dying. Almost life less. It suggests that Ms. Havisham is very calm and quiet. ...read more.

Middle

She was 'once white now yellow' meaning she is not fresh and has dark 'sunken eyes' as if she is a vampire. 'Daylight would turn her to dust'. This is showing that she is physically unfit and is in a terrible condition. The house is a reflection of Ms. Havisham. This is the state of mind. The house is also dark because she has no light shining in herself. Dickens uses Ms. Havisham to influence Estella. In the beginning of the passage we see Ms. Havisham controlling Estella through bribery. She does this by giving her a necklace and saying 'one day this will be yours dear'. This brainwashes and persuades Estella into making negative comments to Pip. This shows that Ms. Havisham is twisted. She is cruel. She will do anything to seek her revenge upon men. This means Ms. Havisham's aim is to use Estella to gain revenge on men. The reader also notices that Estella's behaviour and attitude has changed because of what Ms. Havisham wanted has taught her. Ms. Havisham makes Estella cold and cruel to young Pip as part of her revenge of men. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was because society expected upper class women to get married and to make marriage their main success in life. They did not have a formal education and so did not have career opportunities. When Ms. Havisham was jilted she had no choice but to lock herself away from the world. Furthermore, society viewed jilted women as odd and strange. So this would mean no-one of her class would want to marry her. The audience at the time would have some sympathy for Ms. Havisham but also feel that being jilted must have been in some way her fault. It must also be remembered Dickens own personal life was in turmoil. He was separated from his wife and from his mistress. He then took revenge on both by creating a character based on them. I believe that Dickens used these techniques very effectively. He presented his characters in a clear and easy way. My favourite technique was the extended metaphor. The reason being is it gave me a proper image of Ms. Havisham. The quote which I believe was the best was 'daylight would turn her into dust'. This is because it shows how physically unfit Ms. Havisham is. She has turned to 'skin and bones'. I can actually picture that in my mind because that's how effective the phrase is. ...read more.

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