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Hamstring Strain This is a pulling or tearing injury to the ligaments, which serve to stabilise the joints. SymptomsPain and swelling is worse several hours AFTER the injury

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Introduction

Assignment One Long distance/marathon runner Hamstring Strain This is a pulling or tearing injury to the ligaments, which serve to stabilise the joints. Symptoms Pain and swelling is worse several hours AFTER the injury (when the joint has had a chance to swell). Cause This injury is usually the result of an over extension of the leg. This classic scenario is that of running downhill at speeds that you are not used to. Running on slopped roads and banked surfaces can cause a hamstring strain as the muscle is over stretched to keep a balanced running stride. Over pronation (foot imbalance) can also lead to hamstring strain. Short-term affect - this injury stops the athlete from doing any weight bearing activity but can do activities such as swimming. This could last up to 12 weeks. Long-term - Weakness to lower leg and to ankle. No other lasting damage. Achilles tendon Causes This is caused by overuse of the wrong technique. The injury will occur but no pain will be felt early on. Pain will increase as time passes and the injury worsens. ...read more.

Middle

With a first-degree injury you can expect to be back to sports within a couple of weeks. * Grade II - tear of ligament plus some laxity, the ankle usually swells immediately. There is bruising. A second-degree ankle sprain may require a 3 to 6 week rest before return to full activity. * Grade III - complete tear of the affected ligament (very loose). It requires 8 to 12 weeks for the ligaments to heal and sometimes reconstructive surgery may prevent the secondary instability. Hockey Types of injuries Most serious hockey injuries result from being struck by the stick or the ball. Sprained Wrist Cause This often occurs if a performer has fallen to the ground. The first thing he or she would have done is put there hands out to support them. The muscles around the wrist providing it with support, will become sprained. Symptoms It is often mixed up with a broken wrist, as the symptoms are the same as swelling occurs and pain is felt in the specified area. Professional medical help should be sought and they will assess the damage. ...read more.

Conclusion

The first thing he or she would have done is put there hands out to support them. The muscles around the wrist providing it with support, will become sprained. Symptoms It is often mixed up with a broken wrist, as the symptoms are the same as swelling occurs and pain is felt in the specified area. Professional medical help should be sought and they will assess the damage. Short-term risk The performer may be out of action for up to 10 weeks depending on the severity. Long-term affect The injury does not show signs of long-term effect but instead it feels worse than what it is. Shoulder dislocation Cause This may occur with poor technique. If the performer applies full force into a swing with poor technique then this injury may occur. Symptoms If a dislocation occurs then sever pain and discomfort is felt in the shoulder area. Short-term affect Arm out of action. None weight bearing exercises for at least 12 weeks. Long-term affect/risk The recurrence rate for under 30's is 50% this could be seen as a long term effect. The injury could also be worse as there is a 50% risk of concurrent Rotator Cuff Rupture. ...read more.

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