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Hard Times by Charles Dickens.

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Introduction

HARD TIMES-CHARLES DICKENS Hard times is a story about how life was during the nineteenth century in the industrial area. This novel investigates the way people thought at the time. Charles Dickens criticizes all those in society who tried to make sense of the world through statistics and facts, he also examines social life, family values and the way children were taught at school. Dickens uses a lot of repetitions, similes and metaphors to engage the reader. Dickens wrote the story three years after the Great Exhibition (This was the biggest exhibition ever that examined the whole Great Britain) Dickens chooses to begin the novel in the classroom, which he depicts as a microcosm of the inhuman world outside. In Dickens, view this classroom has been intentionally created as a factory whose view this classroom has been intentionally created as a factory whose express purpose is to manufacture future workers. The town in ''Hard Times'' is called Coketown, taking its name from the ''Coke'' or treated coal, powering the factories and blackening the town's skies. ...read more.

Middle

The schoolmaster himself is insignificant, a worker whose job is to mould the students to the specifications of the industrialist in this factory-like school. ''The speaker, and the schoolmaster, and the third grown person present, all backed a little, and swept with their eyes the inclined plane of little vessels, then and there arranged in order, ready to have imperial gallons of facts poured into them until they were full to the brim.'' The image of the students as vessels to be filled makes it clear that they are expected to be passive receptacles of ''Facts poured into them until they were full to the brim'' rather than active learners. The title of this chapter (2)''Murdering the Innocents'' is is a harsh statement of this soulless, fact-based system of education. The children are not being killed bodily; their bodies will be needed to toil in the factories. Only the innocent part of them is being murdered, so that innocence and imagination never get in the way of the way of their imagination never get in the way of their acceptance of the harsh realities of the dreary lives they are soon to face. ...read more.

Conclusion

''Sissy Jupe, sir explained number twenty, blushing, standing up, and curtseying.'' Sissy Jupe's father is part of the travelling circus in town for a short while.''Sissy is not a name'' obviously, Gradgrind hates everything the circus stands for, he advises Sissy to call herself Cecelia. and to refer her father as a ''farrier'' (The person who shoes a horse) or perhaps a ''veterinary surgeon''.Sissy Jupe is a slow learner, among the group of stragglers, who admit that they would dare to carpet a room with representation of flowers because she is ''fond of them''.Sissy is taught that she must not ''fancy'' and that she is ''to be in all things regulated and governed by fact''. In my conclusion I think Dickens makes me (us) aware of his views about education he uses the way pupils are treated in the classroom eg.boys and girls sit separately, also the teachers know the boys names but not the girls and Dickens also uses a lot of metaphors and repetition to engage the reader and also make the reader have sympathy for the characters (Sissy Jupe) and disgust for Mr Gradgrind and a lot of sarcasm for Mr M'choakumchild MAAME PARKER 107 CDO ...read more.

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