• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Hard Times by Charles Dickens.

Extracts from this document...


HARD TIMES-CHARLES DICKENS Hard times is a story about how life was during the nineteenth century in the industrial area. This novel investigates the way people thought at the time. Charles Dickens criticizes all those in society who tried to make sense of the world through statistics and facts, he also examines social life, family values and the way children were taught at school. Dickens uses a lot of repetitions, similes and metaphors to engage the reader. Dickens wrote the story three years after the Great Exhibition (This was the biggest exhibition ever that examined the whole Great Britain) Dickens chooses to begin the novel in the classroom, which he depicts as a microcosm of the inhuman world outside. In Dickens, view this classroom has been intentionally created as a factory whose view this classroom has been intentionally created as a factory whose express purpose is to manufacture future workers. The town in ''Hard Times'' is called Coketown, taking its name from the ''Coke'' or treated coal, powering the factories and blackening the town's skies. ...read more.


The schoolmaster himself is insignificant, a worker whose job is to mould the students to the specifications of the industrialist in this factory-like school. ''The speaker, and the schoolmaster, and the third grown person present, all backed a little, and swept with their eyes the inclined plane of little vessels, then and there arranged in order, ready to have imperial gallons of facts poured into them until they were full to the brim.'' The image of the students as vessels to be filled makes it clear that they are expected to be passive receptacles of ''Facts poured into them until they were full to the brim'' rather than active learners. The title of this chapter (2)''Murdering the Innocents'' is is a harsh statement of this soulless, fact-based system of education. The children are not being killed bodily; their bodies will be needed to toil in the factories. Only the innocent part of them is being murdered, so that innocence and imagination never get in the way of the way of their imagination never get in the way of their acceptance of the harsh realities of the dreary lives they are soon to face. ...read more.


''Sissy Jupe, sir explained number twenty, blushing, standing up, and curtseying.'' Sissy Jupe's father is part of the travelling circus in town for a short while.''Sissy is not a name'' obviously, Gradgrind hates everything the circus stands for, he advises Sissy to call herself Cecelia. and to refer her father as a ''farrier'' (The person who shoes a horse) or perhaps a ''veterinary surgeon''.Sissy Jupe is a slow learner, among the group of stragglers, who admit that they would dare to carpet a room with representation of flowers because she is ''fond of them''.Sissy is taught that she must not ''fancy'' and that she is ''to be in all things regulated and governed by fact''. In my conclusion I think Dickens makes me (us) aware of his views about education he uses the way pupils are treated in the classroom eg.boys and girls sit separately, also the teachers know the boys names but not the girls and Dickens also uses a lot of metaphors and repetition to engage the reader and also make the reader have sympathy for the characters (Sissy Jupe) and disgust for Mr Gradgrind and a lot of sarcasm for Mr M'choakumchild MAAME PARKER 107 CDO ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Hard Times section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Hard Times essays

  1. How does Dickens present the education system in Hard Times?

    Dickens suggests that what constitutes so-called fact is a matter of perspective or opinion. The lack of education for children and factory like process of education has resulted to 'vast piles of building full of windows where there was a rattling and a trembling all day long' in Coketown.

  2. The purpose of this essay is to describe the characters of Mr. Thomas Gradgrind ...

    He is described as having 'a square wall of a forehead', eyes that 'found commodious cellarage in two dark caves' and a 'wide, thin and hard set' mouth. Dickens is using the appearance of Gradgrind as the quintessence of his character by making everything about him average and not remarkable.

  1. Examine Dickens' presentation of the education system in 'Hard Times'.

    This makes the reader wonder if Gradgrind is just setting the children up to only be able to work in his factories. Gradgrind's own children are educated at home.

  2. Look carefully at the opening chapters of Hard Times and explore Dickens attitude towards ...

    Cleverly, 'deficient' means lacking something, and Bitzer is exposed as a rationalist. Rationalists do lack things in life, they do not have imagination or emotions, and they lead their lives unembellished and tedious. On the other hand, Dickens has described Sissy as exceedingly different to Bitzer.

  1. Compare and contrast the way in which particular aspects of education are presented in ...

    The children are treated as products and are conversed to by numbers. The system aims to avoid personality (the 'naming system' is a good example of this) and individuality, which is frowned upon, considered as a threat to Gradgrind's extreme control.

  2. Comparing similarities in 'Hard Times' by Charles Dickens and 'The Star' by Alasdair Gray.

    In 'Hard Times' Dickens uses a lots of different types of language. He uses repetition, extended metaphors, multiple adjectives, archaic language and personification. Quite a lot of repetition is used; the word 'fact' is repeated. This helps to emphasise that fact is the only thing considered important.

  1. analysis of hard time by charles dickens

    only correspond to the old proverb "you reap what you sow" but it has a particular resonance with Dickens' largely Protestant English audience. While the Bible makes arguments for diligent "sowing" in practical and spiritual matters, Dickens' inevitable argument is a defense for leisure�against the constant diligence, the dependence upon

  2. Explain how the theme of education is presented in Hard Times. What comments do ...

    In Dickens's caricature of Gradgrind he is representing a society in which emotions and personal feelings don't matter and all that matters is work and production rate. Gradgrind champions this utilitarian style system, he seems to represent all that Dickens felt was evil because he thought that Gradgrind was a

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work