• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House and Gustave Flaubert's Madame Bovary both portray significant female characters. Both of these works show women striving for happiness and freedom.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House and Gustave Flaubert's Madame Bovary both portray significant female characters. Both of these works show women striving for happiness and freedom. These works reveal the problems some women have in trying to become equal with their male counterpart. Nora's happiness is seen through her time with her children while Emma's happiness is never seen as she experiences stressful relationships. The roles of the women include secrecy, money, children, friendships and love lives. Nora Helmer from A Doll's House and Emma Bovary from Madame Bovary are very secretive with their lives. Nora's secrets range from the hiding of the macaroons (59) to the loan for the sake of Torvald's health (54). This shows perhaps fear Nora may have with her husband. Nora best shows her secrecy with the clothes she wore for the masquerade party. Emma's secretive ways stem from her marriage to Charles. ...read more.

Middle

At the sight of her newborn, Emma faints as wish for a son doesn't come true (101). Emma doesn't really care when she shoves Berthe into a chest of drawers and causes her to cry (124). Berthe Bovary is even thought of as "ugly" by her mother (124). The love Emma shows for her daughter reveals her mendacity, not real affection. Friendship is a theme expressed in both works as well. Nora has a few friends while Emma's actions is a rationale for her not having friends. Nora's friends include Dr. Rank and Mrs. Linde. Nora, who contrasts from the two for not having an occupation, is able to sustain a friendship. Emma has her dismissal of women with the reasons coming from the differences she sees. Emma also doesn't have male friends with the fact that neither Leon nor Rodolphe really care about her while she believes they do. ...read more.

Conclusion

The wedding bouquet (53, 83-4) that Emma later destroys shows the disappointment in her marriage. To satisfy her needs, Emma engages in affairs with Leon. After Leon's departure, sorrow turns to happiness with a new affair with Rodolphe. Emma, who couldn't accept Charles and his personality, failed to realize how he really felt about her. Emma's death was an impact on Charles' later demise. Happiness and freedom are the most important themes in both women's lives. Nora's happiness lies within her "miracle" of a better marriage. Nora always seems to be happy when she really is frustrated and unhappy. Emma never experiences happiness as her attempts fail and result in her death. Nora from A Doll's House and Emma from Madame Bovary are very strong female characters portrayed in literature. Striving for happiness and freedom came at a costly price, with death as Emma's fate. The feminine struggle continues with the failed marriages and shows a strong message. The struggle reveals that not being equal can cause damage to the lives of people and their surroundings. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Jane Austen section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Jane Austen essays

  1. Jane Austen's presentation of Emma as an unlikeable heroine

    well of herself" Austen says herself that Emma is spoilt and supercilious. These aren't really good qualities to have but Emma being arrogant makes her seem superior, this makes her like heroine because it makes her someone that people can look up to.

  2. The portrayal of desire in the novels Madame Bovary and the Kiss of the ...

    uses phrases and words like "the husky voice", "kind of tender", "he caressed the lettuce", "powerful movements", "elegant", "soft", and "masculine", words that are very sensual and contain sexual connotations. This therefore suggests that Molina desires to be a woman because he wants to experience not only a romantic relationship, but also a sexual relationship with another man.

  1. Scenes of Suicide - A Comparison between Madame Bovary and the awakening.

    Unfortunately, because of this, her fantasies are not part of a passing phase, but an undying obsession; it seems that she will never be completely satisfied with any life. Edna also has superficial yearnings, yet unlike Emma she does not dream of being someone else and thus her psyche is much healthier.

  2. A comparison between film versions Emma and Clueless

    In Clueless it is a feature in the film, Cher speaks courteously, and other characters talking in slang. One character even asks Cher how to talk like her! But the things both women talk about in the different films are, in some degree, similar.

  1. Independant Essay - Emma

    As a result of these conditions, the reader is made to think throughout the book that Emma is always trying to be superior to Harriet. An example of this is when Harriet says "How nicely you talk; I love to hear you."

  2. The ideas of marriage and the roles of women are very closely linked, compare ...

    He is extremely disagreeable and I hate him more than anybody else in the world". It is like Mary's eyes are closed, that she can't even see whom she is getting married to. She is getting married to him for stupid reasons, she doesn't think that she may never be happy.

  1. Explore in detail how Elizabeths views and actions are not of a Typical Regency ...

    attempts to interfere in Bingley's relationship with Jane, and his false assumptions of Wickham. Darcy's proposal was an unexpected one for Elizabeth and she was in quite a shock as in chapter 3; at the Netherfield ball, he showed no interest in Elizabeth.

  2. Discuss Emma from Jane Austen s' Emma.

    At the beginning of the novel Emma Likes To Think Of Herself as independent and doesn't want to marry this could be because she`s comfortable with her status in society. We are made to think that Emma is a selfish young woman who is proud of herself and feels no need to marry.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work