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How are differing attitudes to war expressed in the poetry of WWI that you have read? You should compare 'England to her sons' with 'Dulce et Decorum Est'.

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Introduction

Claire Fooks 9Y How are differing attitudes to war expressed in the poetry of WWI that you have read? You should compare 'England to her sons' with 'Dulce et Decorum Est'. You may refer to other poems. Remember to consider the influence of historical contents on the poet's viewpoints. In this poem I am going to compare two poems from World War I. The to poems that I will be comparing are 'England to her sons' and 'Dulce et Decorum Est'. 'England to her sons' was written by W.N. Hodgson in 1914, 'Dulce et decorum est' was written by Wilfred Owen in 1918. These two poems that I am going to study have very different ideas towards the war. In the poem 'England to her sons' the attitude towards the war is very pro-war, however 'Dulce et Decorum Est' is very anti-war. 'England to her sons' is pro-war because it was written at the beginning of war in 1914 and was trying to get men to enlist for the army. 'Dulce et Decorum Est' is anti-war because it was written during the war in 1918 and so the poet will have experienced the war and is trying to tell the public what war is really like. ...read more.

Middle

In 'England to her sons' the poet has not used many metaphors, but 'Dulce et Decorum Est' has used a lot of metaphors, 'Is under a green sea' the poet is trying to get us to imagine what the man looked like under all the poison. In 'England to her sons' the poet uses a lot of abstract nouns such as hope, faith, honour and justice. An example of this is, 'wise in justice' when he uses the noun justice we cannot actually feel and touch justice and so this adds to the effect. 'Dulce et decorum est' does not use any abstract nouns, the poet uses nouns like 'sacks' which give an image that the soldiers are living in poor conditions. Abstract verbs do not have to be used for positive things as shown in another poem called, 'Break of Day in the Trenches'. This poem uses other abstract nouns like darkness, which creates a dark, sinister feel to the poem. Both poems use personification, in 'Dulce et decorum est' the poet personifies the helmet, 'Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time' using this breaks up the rhythm and also creates a scene of fumbling and panic. ...read more.

Conclusion

However in 'Dulce et decorum est' the amount of syllables does not have a particular order which creates a chaos feel. In 'England to her sons' each stanza ends with rhyming couplets. In 'Dulce et decorum est' the tone is very slow paced and irregular, both of these characteristics add a sad, worrying feel to the poem. However 'England to her sons' has a very optimistic tone. 'Dulce et decorum est' has very long lines which feels like a tone of complaint. It also has a tone of anger and frustration. Also the long lines develop an image over the lines. In 'Dulce et decorum est' the lines are broken up with lots of punctuation like full stops, this gives it a very sad, slow tone. My conclusion is that poems based on the same theme can be very different from each other. Depending on how the poem is written it can portray a very different image from other poems. Also the time that it was written can make a big difference because one of the poems I studied was written at the beginning of the war and the other at the end and this changed the whole image and theme of the poem. ...read more.

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